Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies and Early Christianity
General Editors: David G. HUNTER, University of Kentucky, United States, Paul J.J. van GEEST, Tilburg University, Netherlands, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.

The Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity focuses on the history of early Christian texts, authors, ideas. Its content is intended to bridge the gap between the fields of New Testament studies and patristics, covering the whole period of early Christianity up to 600 CE. The BEEC aims to provide a critical review of the methods used in Early Christian Studies and to update the historiography.

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Hilary of Arles

(2,818 words)

Author(s): Mathisen, Ralph W.
Hilary of Arles (c. 400–449 CE) was one of the most influential ecclesiastics of the 5th century CE. A scion of an aristocratic family of central Gaul, he entered the monastery of Lérins in his youth. As bishop of Arles, he led a powerful faction of churchmen and secular officials. He placed his supporters into episcopal sees and enforced his authority with church councils. Ultimately, Hilary became engaged in a quarrel with Leo the Great, the powerful bishop of Rome. After the two had excommuni…
Date: 2020-04-14

Hilary of Poitiers

(5,866 words)

Author(s): Mercer, Jarred
Hilary of Poitiers (d. 367/368 CE) was born sometime early in the 4th century CE and became bishop of Poitiers in the early to mid-350s CE. He is one of the most generative Latin theological minds in the first four centuries of Christianity, yet we know almost nothing of his life outside of the internal evidence of his work and he remains subjected to the shadows of more well-known figures of his time. Those who lived soon after Hilary found his work invaluable. Sulpicius Severus hailed him as the sole conqueror of “heresy” in Gaul (Sul. Chron. 2.45). Augustine of Hippo saw him as the keen…
Date: 2020-04-14

Historia monachorum

(1,843 words)

Author(s): Wortley, John
Historia monachorum in Ægypto, “An Investigation of the Monks in Egypt,” tells how seven brothers from the monastery associated with Rufinus of Aquileia and Melania the Elder on the Mount of Olives at Jerusalem traveled up the Nile as far as conditions would then permit (to Lycopolis, now Asyut), then made their way down to the coastal region during the winter months of 394–395 CE, visiting ascetics and monastic communities on their way. On their return to Jerusalem, one of their number was prevail…
Date: 2020-04-14