Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies and Early Christianity
General Editors: David G. HUNTER, University of Kentucky, United States, Paul J.J. van GEEST, Tilburg University, Netherlands, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.

The Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity focuses on the history of early Christian texts, authors, ideas. Its content is intended to bridge the gap between the fields of New Testament studies and patristics, covering the whole period of early Christianity up to 600 CE. The BEEC aims to provide a critical review of the methods used in Early Christian Studies and to update the historiography.

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Honoratus Antoninus

(1,036 words)

Author(s): Waarden, Joop van
Honoratus Antoninus was bishop of Cirta/Constantina in Numidia (nowadays Constantine in Algeria) in the reign of the Vandal king Geiseric (r. 428–477 CE). He was committed to the Catholic resistance against the royal policy of repression in favor of Arianism. He is known for his only preserved letter (plausibly datable to c. 437 CE), in which he urges a certain Arcadius to hold to the Catholic belief in the Trinity, even at the risk of martyrdom.There are two problems with identification – part of the general difficulty in forming a profile of contemporary  Nicene bis…
Date: 2020-04-14


(3,599 words)

Author(s): Banev, Krastu
The term “hospitality” often translates the Greek φιλοξενία/ philoxenia for which a more faithful but less handy rendition would be the “loving care shown to strangers.” The concept is closely related to that of φιλανθρωπία/ philanthropia – the “love for fellow human beings.”In ancient Greece and Rome, these two terms defined the borders of the civilized world (Hiltbrunner, 1972; 1992; Chadwick, 1992; Reece, 1993; Constable, 2003). Odysseus elegantly expressed this distinction upon his return to Ithaca: Woe is me, to the land of what mortals am I now come? Are they crue…
Date: 2020-04-14


(5,067 words)

Author(s): Pardue, Stephen T.
During the patristic era, humility became a defining trait of Christian thought, ethics, and spirituality, eclipsing nearly every other virtue (save, perhaps, charity) in its influence on Christian writing. Early Christians understood Jesus of Nazareth to be a unique instantiation of humility, worthy of imitation by all his followers, and especially those whose lives were devoted to sacred service and contemplation. Moreover, because of its defining impact on the monastic tradition, humility cam…
Date: 2020-04-14