Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

Get access Subject: Biblical Studies and Early Christianity
General Editors: David G. HUNTER, University of Kentucky, United States, Paul J.J. van GEEST, Tilburg University, Netherlands, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.

The Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity focuses on the history of early Christian texts, authors, ideas. Its content is intended to bridge the gap between the fields of New Testament studies and patristics, covering the whole period of early Christianity up to 600 CE. The BEEC aims to provide a critical review of the methods used in Early Christian Studies and to update the historiography.

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Romanos the Melodist

(3,011 words)

Author(s): Gador-Whyte, Sarah
Little is known with certainty about the life of Romanos the Melodist (or “Melode”; b. late 5th cent., d. after 555 CE, probably before 562 CE); the earliest biographical details come from 9th–11th-century liturgical texts (collected in Grosdidier de Matons, 1977, 160–162). These texts agree that Romanos was born in Emesa in Syria and that he was a deacon at the Church of the Resurrection in Berytus before moving to Constantinople, to the Church of the Holy Theotokos in the Kyrou district, somet…
Date: 2020-12-17

Rufinus of Aquileia

(1,706 words)

Author(s): Fernández, Samuel
Turranius Rufinus Concordiae (not Tyrannius, which is an ironical deformation of Jer. Ruf. 1.1) was born in Iulia Concordia about 345 CE (Jer. Ep.. 5.2; Vir. ill. 53; Ruf. 2.2). He belonged to a noble family (Pall. Hist. Laus. 46). Although Rufinus himself does not provide information about his studies, his own works reflect a fine classical education. He likely received instruction in Rome together with Jerome. Around the year 371 CE, Rufinus was already baptized after having been educated by the then presbyter Chromatius of Aquile…
Date: 2020-12-17

Ruricius of Limoges

(1,803 words)

Author(s): Mathisen, Ralph W.
Born circa 440 CE and related to the aristocratic Anician family of Rome, the Gallo-Roman Ruricius (d. 510 CE) became bishop of Limoges circa 485 CE. He is known primarily for his unpretentious collection of 83 letters, which survives in a single manuscript and portrays everyday life in Visigothic Aquitania in the decades after the fall of the Western Roman Empire.Family BackgroundEven though some 83 of Ruricius’ personal letters survive, few events in his life can be dated with any certainty. Given that one of his sons was a relatively senior cleric by t…
Date: 2020-12-17