Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: David Thomas, Alex Mallett
Associate Editors: Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala, Johannes Pahlitzsch, Barbara Roggema, Mark Swanson, Herman Teule and John Tolan
Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general online history of relations between the faiths. It covers the period from 600 to 1500, when encounters took place through the extended Mediterranean basin and are recorded in Syriac, Arabic, Greek, Latin and other languages. Christian Muslim Relations Online comprises introductory essays on the treatment of Christians in the Qur’an, Qur’an commentaries, biographies of the Prophet, Hadith and Sunni law, and of Muslims in canon law, and the main body of more than two hundred detailed entries on all the works recorded, whether surviving or lost.

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 Adilla ukhar ʿalā ṣiḥḥat al-Injīl

(309 words)

Author(s): G.B. Teule, Herman
'Other proofs for the truth of the Gospel' Ishoʿyahb bar Malkon Date: First half of the 13th century Original Language: Arabic Description Again without mentioning Muslims, Bar Malkon gives nine additional arguments to establish the truth of the Gospel: the teachings of the Gospel correspond to what is good and right; the Gospel fits the rational soul and incites it to accept the essence of the Creator; it is also consistent with the delight of the perceiving soul, which is the knowledge of things divine; the Gospel …

Adomnán of Iona, Adamnan, Adomnanus, Adamnanus

(125 words)

Author(s): Tolan, John
Adomnán of Iona Date of Birth: c. 625 Place of Birth: County Donegal, Ireland Date of Death: 704 Place of Death: Iona Abbey, Scotland Biography Adomnán was an Irish monk, who in 679 became the Abbot of Iona, the foremost Irish monastery in Scotland. He is best known as the author of a life of Saint Columba, founder of Iona, and of a treatise of law, the Cain Adomnan. Primary Sources of Information Bede, Ecclesiastical history of the English people, ed. J. McClure and R. Collins, Oxford, 1994 Betha Adamnain: Life of Saint Adamnan, ed. and trans. M. Herbert and P.Ó Riain, Dublin, 1988 Secondary Sou…

ʿAfīf ibn al-Makīn ibn Muʾammal

(431 words)

Author(s): N. Swanson, Mark
Biography Nothing is known about the author of a ‘concise treatise inclusive of the Christian denominations’ in 15 chapters, apart from what can be gathered from the text itself. That he was remembered as a scholar and person of considerable standing in his community may be seen from the way the text identifies him: ‘ al-shaykh al-raʾīs al-fāḍil al-faylasūf wa-l-ʿālim   … ʿAfīf ibn al-shaykh al-Makīn ibn Muʾammal’. That he was a Melkite Christian is clear from the text. Nasrallah suggests that his concern with the ‘heresy’ of the Maronites indicates that he was…

Against Muḥammad

(91 words)

Author(s): Niehoff-Panagiotidis, Johannes
Unknown author Date of Birth: Unknown; 10th or 11th century Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown; 11th century Place of Death: Unknown Biography Nothing is known about this author, except that he had wide access to Greek works on Islam and used them judiciously. Primary Sources of Information Kata Mōamed, PG 104, cols 1447-58 Secondary Sources of Information A.-T. Khoury, Les théologiens byzantins et l´islam. Textes et auteurs (VIIIe – XIIIe s.), 2nd ed., Louvain, 1969, pp. 194-99 Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Kata Mōamed Johannes Niehoff-Panagiotidis

 Agartā d-ṭubtānā Atanāsius paṭriarkā meṭul hāy d-lā nēkul (’)nāsh krisṭyānā min debḥē da-Mhaggrāyē hālen d-hāshā aḥidin. (This title was probably added by later copyists and is not original.)

(474 words)

Author(s): G.B. Teule, Herman
The Letter by the blessed Patriarch Athanasius on that no Christian should eat of the sacrifices of those Hagarenes who are now in power’ Athanasius of Balad Date: 684 Original Language: Syriac Description As patriarch, Athanasius felt obliged to react against the practices of Christians participating in meals with pagans, ḥanpē, and eating from their sacrifices –possibly meaning ritually slaughtered meat – and Christian women marrying pagans. It is not certain whether ḥanpē had already by this period become a designation for Muslims. From the title of the letter, p…


(165 words)

Author(s): Burman, Thomas E.
Biography This author appears to have been a Mozarabic 1priest or bishop living in al-Andalus, perhaps in the 12th century. He was certainly not Augustine of Hippo, as the treatise which preserves portions of his only known work assumes.  Primary Sources of Information This author’s only known work, Muṣḥaf al-ʿālam al-kāʾin, is preserved in the refutation of Christianity by a certain al-Imām al-Qurṭubī (q.v.), Al-iʿlām bi-mā fī dīn al-Naṣārā min al-fasād wa-awhām wa-iẓhār maḥāsin dīn al-Islām.  All that is known about the author appears in the sections of this work whe…
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