Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: David Thomas, Alex Mallett
Associate Editors: Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala, Johannes Pahlitzsch, Barbara Roggema, Mark Swanson, Herman Teule and John Tolan
Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general online history of relations between the faiths. It covers the period from 600 to 1500, when encounters took place through the extended Mediterranean basin and are recorded in Syriac, Arabic, Greek, Latin and other languages. Christian Muslim Relations Online comprises introductory essays on the treatment of Christians in the Qur’an, Qur’an commentaries, biographies of the Prophet, Hadith and Sunni law, and of Muslims in canon law, and the main body of more than two hundred detailed entries on all the works recorded, whether surviving or lost.

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Caffaro of Genoa

(665 words)

Author(s): Airaldi & Alex Mallett, Gabriella
Caffaro di Rustico da Caschifellone Date of Birth: About 1080 Place of Birth: Genoa Date of Death: About 1166 Place of Death: Genoa Biography Caffaro, from Rustico da Caschifellone (near Genoa in the Val Polcevera), was born around 1080. A member of an aristocratic family descending from Ido, a 10th-century vice-count of Genoa who belonged to the ‘Compagna’ of the Porta (in the area of the San Pietro in Banchi church), Caffaro was the eldest of three brothers (the others being Oberto and Guiscardo), all of whom were active in public life. A ty…

 C’amebaj c’midisa da net’arisa moc’amisa Krist’ēsisa Habojsi, romeli ic’ama Kartls šina, kalaksa T’piliss, qelita sark’inoztajta, gamotkumuli Iovane dzisa Sabanisi brdzanebita Krist’ēs mier Samoel Kartlisa k’atalik’ozisajta

(826 words)

Author(s): Shurgaia, Gaga
The Martyrdom of Abo, saint and blessed martyr of Christ, who suffered under the Saracens in Kartli, in the town of Tbilisi, told by Ioane Sabanisdze, by order of Samoel, Catholikos of Kartli in Christ, The Martyrdom of Abo of Tbilisi Ioane Sabanisdze, Iovane Sabanisdze (Sabanisʒe) Date: 786-90 Original Language: Georgian Description The text, which comprises 35 pages in Abuladze’s edition with critical apparatus, deals with the life and martyrdom of Abo, a perfumer from Baghdad who came to Georgia and converted to Christianity. Its authenticity is undisputed.  The work consists of…

 C’amebaj c’midisa mikaelisi romeli iq’o lavrasac’midi mamisa čuenisa sabajssa

(1,433 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
The Martyrdom of Saint Michael who was in the great lavra of our holy father Saba Unknown author Date: 9th c. or 10th c. Original Language: Arabic Description The Martyrdom is said to have been narrated to the unnamed author by a certain Basil of Mār Saba, which is perhaps an allusion to the Basil who was hegoumenos of the monastery at the turn of the 9th century, according to Stephen Manṣūr (q.v.). Basil supposedly heard the story about Michael’s martyrdom from Theodore Abū Qurra (q.v.), when he visited him in his cell. Theodore relates to him how the Umayyad Caliph ʿAbd al-Malik, on a…

 Camebay cmidisa motsamisa Gobronisa, romeli ganiqvanes qvelis cixit

(681 words)

Author(s): Abashidze, Medea D.
The Martyrdom of St Mikael-Gobron Stepane of Tbeti Date: 914-18 Original Language: Georgian Description The relatively short Martyrdom of Mikael-Gobron and his 133 companions affords insights into Arab action in eastern Georgia in the early 10th century. Stepane Mtbevari, who was a contemporary of Mikael-Gobron, describes the punitive expeditions of Abū l-Qāsim Yūsuf ibn Abī l-Sāj in the Caucasus region, when he ravaged Armenia and Caucasian Albania, and then went on to Georgia, passing through Kartli before reaching Samtsxe-Java…

 Camebay da ghuacli cmidat‛a da didebult‛a mocamet‛a Davit‛ da Kostantinesi

(1,304 words)

Author(s): Nanobashvili, Mariam
Camebay cmidat‛a Davit‛ da KostantinesiMartyrdom and merits of the saints and magnificent martyrs David and Constantine, Martyrdom of Saints David and Constantine Martyrdom of Saints David and Constantine Date: Unknown; probably first half of the 12th century Original Language: Georgian Description The Georgian saints David and Constantine were martyred during the second Arab campaign against Georgia in 737-41. The earliest surviving account of their lives and martyrdoms has been dated by K. Kekelidze to the first half of the 12th century, because its author made use of an…


(234 words)

Author(s): G.B. Teule, Herman
Canons Jacob of Edessa Date: Unknown Original Language: Syriac Description Jacob himself issued a set of 30 canons, the majority of which are injunctions for monks and priests and relevant only for members of the Syrian Orthodox Church. A second set of 28 canons, preserved in MS Mardin, Syr. Orth. - 309, is not relevant for this bibliography. Significance Some canons possibly refer to a Muslim context, as can be inferred, for example, from their emphasis on monogamy and the interdiction against lodging appeals with external judges. Muslims are not explicitly mentioned. Manuscripts MS Ma…

Carmen in victoriam Pisanorum

(55 words)

Author(s): Tolan, John
Unknown author Date of Birth: Unknown; early or mid-11th century Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown; late 11th or early 12th century Place of Death: Unknown Biography - Primary Sources of Information - Secondary Sources of Information - Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Carmen in victoriam Pisanorum John Tolan

 Carmen in victoriam Pisanorum

(846 words)

Author(s): Tolan, John
Poem on the victory of the Pisans Carmen in victoriam Pisanorum Date: Probably soon after the events it relates, 1087, and before the First Crusade, 1095-99 Original Language: Latin Description This is a poem in 73 stanzas celebrating the Pisan and Genoan attack on Mahdiyya (Tunisia) in 1087. The poet is clearly a Pisan cleric; he makes frequent allusions to biblical, particularly Old Testament, persons and events. The poem is an epic evocation of the Pisan struggle against the forces of evil, a paean to the victory that God…

 Cent noms de Déu

(325 words)

Author(s): Hames, Harvey
'The hundred names of God' Ramon Llull Date: Possibly 1292 Original Language: Catalan Description This is a poem consisting of 1,009 lines arranged in three-line stanzas. According to the Muslim tradition, 99 names of God are mentioned in the Qur’an, and knowledge of the hundredth name was the knowledge of all there was to know. Llull lists 100 names of God, devoting ten lines to each, in order to counter the claim that the Qur’an is the most perfect book of divine revelation. Significance This work offers an insight into Llull’s attitude towards the relationship between Islam …

Cento of the true emperor and Oracula Leonis

(84 words)

Author(s): Pahlitzsch, Johannes
Biography Nothing is known of the anonymous redactor (possibly of the 12th or even 11th century) of 16 oracles on future Byzantine emperors. He uses older texts that were already known in the 9th century, and it is very probable (but not certain) that he lived in Constantinople. Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Tou sophōtatou basileōs Leontos chrēsmoi; Peri tou thrēlloumenou ptōchou kai eklektou basileōs ... Johannes Pahlitzsch