Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: David Thomas, Alex Mallett
Associate Editors: Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala, Johannes Pahlitzsch, Barbara Roggema, Mark Swanson, Herman Teule and John Tolan
Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general online history of relations between the faiths. It covers the period from 600 to 1500, when encounters took place through the extended Mediterranean basin and are recorded in Syriac, Arabic, Greek, Latin and other languages. Christian Muslim Relations Online comprises introductory essays on the treatment of Christians in the Qur’an, Qur’an commentaries, biographies of the Prophet, Hadith and Sunni law, and of Muslims in canon law, and the main body of more than two hundred detailed entries on all the works recorded, whether surviving or lost.

Subscriptions: see


(433 words)

Author(s): Monferrer Sala, Juan Pedro
Abū l-Faraj Jirwajīs ibn Yūḥannā ibn Sahl ibn Ibrāhīm al-Yabrūdī Date of Birth: Unknown; late 10th c. Place of Birth: Yabrūd (Syria) Date of Death: Unknown; perhaps around 1050-60 Place of Death: Damascus Biography The Syrian Jacobite al-Yabrūdī was an expert in medicine. Born in humble circumstances in Yabrūd, he moved to Damascus to study. He travelled to Baghdad to increase his medical knowledge under the Nestorian Ibn al-Ṭayyib (q.v.), and he also studied other sciences such as logic. Finally, he returned to Damascus, where …


(475 words)

Author(s): El Hour, Rachid
Abū Marwān ʿAbd al-Malik ibn Masarra ibn Khalaf ibn al-Faraj (or ibn Faraj ibn Khalaf) al-Yaḥṣubī al-Shantamarī Date of Birth: 1077-78 Place of Birth: Possibly in Santa María del Algarve (Portugal) Date of Death: 28 October 1157 Place of Death: Cordova Biography According to Ibn al-Zubayr, al-Yaḥṣubī was a descendant of Abū l-Ṣabāḥ, an Arab emir and one of the first conquerors of al-Andalus. Although the sources do not indicate with certainty whether Santa María del Algarve was  his birthplace, they confirm that he lived in Cordova. Al-Yaḥṣubī had a thorough education in Hadith an…

Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī

(5,193 words)

Author(s): Platti, Emilio
Abū Zakariyyā Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī ibn Ḥamīd ibn Zakariyyā al-Takrītī al-Manṭiqī Date of Birth: 893 or 894 Place of Birth: Takrīt Date of Death: 13 August 974 Place of Death: Baghdad Biography Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī is one of the most outstanding Christian Arab thinkers of the 10th century. He was a Jacobite theologian and a philosopher, born in the then Christian town of Takrīt in 893 or 894. He spent his active life in Baghdad, where he died on 13 August 974 at the age of 81, and was buried at the Church of St Thomas, in the area called al-Qaṭīʿa, in n…

Yaḥyā ibn Jarīr

(756 words)

Author(s): G.B. Teule & Mark N. Swanson, Herman
Abū Naṣr Yaḥyā ibn Jarīr al-Takrītī Date of Birth: Unknown, perhaps c. 1030 Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: 1103/4 Place of Death: Mayyāfāriqīn Biography Abū Naṣr Yaḥyā ibn Jarīr al-Takrītī was a West Syrian (‘Jacobite’) physician and scholar in the tradition of ʿIsā ibn Isḥāq ibn Zurʿa (q.v.) and Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī (q.v.). Little is known about the course of his life. He informs us (in ch. 35 of Kitāb al-murshid) that he visited Constantinople in the year 1058. More information is provided by a manuscript of Isḥāq ibn Ḥunayn’s (q.v.) Arabic version of Theophrastus’ On first principles tha…

Yaḥyā ibn Saʿīd al-Anṭākī

(680 words)

Author(s): N. Swanson, Mark
Biography Yaḥyā ibn Saʿīd al-Anṭakī was a Melkite Christian historian known to posterity because of the work usually called Kitāb al-dhayl or simply Dhayl, ‘Sequel’ – that is, to the well-known Annals of Saʿīd ibn Baṭrīq (q.v.). One puzzle for Yaḥyā’s biographers is the question: Is he, or is he not, to be identified with the Melkite physician and apologist known as Abū l-Faraj Yaḥyā ibn Saʿīd ibn Yaḥyā (q.v.)? Many biographers (e.g. Graf, Canard) have accepted the identification, which leads to an expansion in Yaḥyā’s lifesp…


(340 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
Abu l-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn Abī Yaʿqūb ibn Jaʿfar ibn Wahb ibn Wāḍiḥ, al-Yaʿqūbī Date of Birth: Unknown; early or mid-9th century Place of Birth: Baghdad Date of Death: Egypt Place of Death: 905 or later Biography Born in Baghdad, al-Yaʿqūbī worked for most of his life in Khurāsān and then Egypt, though, according to details he gives in his own works, he travelled widely throughout the Islamic world and maybe beyond. From a young age, al-Yaʿqūbī held a secretarial position under the Ṭāhirid rulers of Khurāsān, and may have made journeys to gather intelligence on their b…

 Yarecʿan sut Margarēk

(427 words)

Author(s): Dadoyan, Seta B.
‘There arose false prophets’ Mattʿēos Ĵułayecʿi Date: About 1400-10 Original Language: Armenian Description Yarecʿan sut Margarēk is a short sermon in classical Armenian mixed with vernacular phrases, idioms and terms (it is to be found in Kʿarozner, ‘Homilies’). It is a direct assault on the person and teachings of Muḥammad as a ‘false prophet’. Mattʿēos defines seven conditions for ‘true prophethood’: foreknowledge, altruism, signs, credibility, originality, moral teachings, and personal example. With direct references to the li…