Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: David Thomas, Alex Mallett
Associate Editors: Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala, Johannes Pahlitzsch, Barbara Roggema, Mark Swanson, Herman Teule and John Tolan
Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general online history of relations between the faiths. It covers the period from 600 to 1500, when encounters took place through the extended Mediterranean basin and are recorded in Syriac, Arabic, Greek, Latin and other languages. Christian Muslim Relations Online comprises introductory essays on the treatment of Christians in the Qur’an, Qur’an commentaries, biographies of the Prophet, Hadith and Sunni law, and of Muslims in canon law, and the main body of more than two hundred detailed entries on all the works recorded, whether surviving or lost.

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(1,315 words)

Author(s): Frassetto, Michael
ChroniqueChronicle Ademar of Chabannes Date: 1025-28. Ademar originally completed the work in 1026, and revised it over the following years and made a final version in 1028. Original Language: Latin Description The work is a history of the Frankish kingdoms and especially Aquitaine from the Merovingian age to the early 11th century. Its focus is on the deeds of Frankish kings, nobles, bishops and other clergy, and at various points throughout the work references are made to contacts between Christians and Muslims. Ademar’s history includes acco…

Chronicon ad annum 1234 pertinens

(194 words)

Author(s): G.B. Teule, Herman
Unknown author Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Possibly the region of Edessa Date of Death: Around 1240 Place of Death: Unknown Biography Little information is available about the author of this chronicle. The fact that the chronicle pays much attention to the region of Edessa (Urhōy) suggests that he lived for some time in this city. Some events that occurred there in the last quarter of the 12th century and the beginning of the 13th, among them the destruction of a number of local churches, are described in great detail as if the author had personally witnessed them In 1187, the autho…

 Chronicon ad annum 1234 pertinens

(675 words)

Author(s): G.B. Teule, Herman
Chronicon civile et ecclesiasticumMaktab zabnē d-ʿal-sharbē ʿōlmōnōyē w-ʿedtōnōyē ʿadamō la-shnat 1234 la-Mshiḥō'Anonymous Syriac chronicle' Chronicon ad annum 1234 pertinens Date: About 1237-40 Original Language: Syriac Description Like the more or less contemporary Syriac chronicle of Barhebraeus (q.v.), this work is also divided into a civil and an ecclesiastical part. It begins with the creation of the world and continues to the year 1203-4, at which point the author seems to have ended – but more probably only inter…

 Chronicon Hugonis Monachi Virdunensis et Divionensis Abbatis Flaviniacensis

(1,193 words)

Author(s): Healy, Patrick
The Chronicle of Hugh of Flavigny Hugh of Flavigny Date: Approximately 1085-1102 Original Language: Latin Description The Chronicle of Hugh of Flavigny is an incarnation chronicle that purports to be a history of the world from the birth of Christ down to Hugh's own day. In its later stages this chronicle narrows down to become, in effect, a local history of church reform in the dioceses most familiar to its author, Verdun and Autun. Hugh supports his historical analysis with copies of many important primary sources…

 Chronikē diēgēsis

(2,182 words)

Author(s): Zorzi, Niccolò
Historia'History' Nicetas Choniates Date: Between about 1185 and 1208/9 Original Language: Greek Description The History of Nicetas Choniates is the main narrative source for the history of Byzantium in the years 1118-1207, a period that saw frequent conflicts between Byzantium and various Muslim powers: the Byzantine Empire had to counter the Turkish expansion in Asia Minor, and military expeditions also reached Syria (1137-38, 1144 or 1145, 1159) and Egypt (1169). The History thus offers ample evidence of political and military confrontation between Christian and…

 Chronikē syngraphē

(781 words)

Author(s): Prinzing, Günter
Chronikē diēgēsisHistorēma […] archomenon apo tēs halōseōs Kōnstantinoupoleōs‘History’, ‘Historical account’‘History ... beginning with the conquest of Constantinople’ George Akropolites Date: 1260s, perhaps in or soon after 1267 Original Language: Greek Description Since it was written by a leading official, statesman and judge, the History is in general a trustworthy and reliable source for relations – which were both very close and friendly, and also hostile – between the Nicean emperors from 1196 to 1261 (Alexius III Angelus to Micha…

 Chronikon syntomon ek diaphorōn chronographōn te kai exēgētōn syllegen kai syntethen hypo Geōrgiou hamartōlou monachou

(944 words)

Author(s): Efthymiadis, Stephanos
A compendious chronicle based on various chroniclers and interpreters, gathered together and arranged by George, a sinner monkThe Chronicle of George the Monk George the Monk, George Hamartolos (‘the Sinner’) Date: Between 843 and 867 Original Language: Greek Description George’s Chronicle is full of excerpts from the Church Fathers, citations of the Acts of the Church Councils, and anecdotes and stories of varied content. The section which refers to the Prophet Muḥammad at length (ed. de Boor, pp. 697-706) is inserted in the section …


(3,168 words)

Author(s): Vaiou, Maria
Chronography Theophanes the Confessor, Homologētēs Date: Between 810 and 814 Original Language: Greek Description The Chronographia is an extension of the unfinished world chronicle (entitled Eklogē chronographias) of George the Synkellos (d. after 810), which covered the period from the creation to the emperor Diocletian (r. 284-305). It makes reference to Christian-Muslim relations in the entries for the years 629/30 to 812/13. In the first of these, which consists of the regnal years of rulers and bishops, the name of…

 Chronographia tripertita

(1,112 words)

Author(s): Neil, Bronwen
- Anastasius Bibliothecarius Date: 871-74 Original Language: Greek Description The Chronographia tripertita is made up of excerpts from three ninth-century iconophile sources: 1. Nicephorus of Constantinople’s Chronographikon Syntomon, a series of date tables for various significant figures in the history of the world, from Adam and the Jewish patriarchs, to the Byzantine emperors up to Michael III, and empresses of Byzantium up to Eudocia, as well as lists of the books of the Old and New Testaments and Apocrypha. The sec…

 C’(mid)isa da net’arisa m(a)misa č(ue)nisa I(oa)ne monazonisa da xucisa damask’elisa sit’q’(ua)j cx(o)r(e)bisa da γ(ua)c’lta q’(ovla)d d(ide)b(u)lisa P’(e)t’re axlisa mγd(e)lm(o)c’(a)misa K’ap’et’olelta k(a)l(a)ksa š(in)a c’ameb(u)lisata

(821 words)

Author(s): Efthymiadis, Stephanos
An Oration of our holy and blessed father John, monk and priest of Damascus, concerning the life and most illustrious deeds of the pious neo-martyr Peter, who was put to death in the city of Capitolias, The Martyrdom of Peter CapitoliasThe Life of Peter the Younger, martyr of Capitolias Unknown author Date: Unknown Original Language: Greek Description The Martyrdom of Peter of Capitolias (d. 715) survives only in Georgian. It tells the story of a married priest who had one son and two daughters and who devoted himself to the learning of ‘the Scripture and …
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