Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: David Thomas, Alex Mallett
Associate Editors: Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala, Johannes Pahlitzsch, Barbara Roggema, Mark Swanson, Herman Teule and John Tolan
 
Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general online history of relations between the faiths. It covers the period from 600 to 1500, when encounters took place through the extended Mediterranean basin and are recorded in Syriac, Arabic, Greek, Latin and other languages. Christian Muslim Relations Online comprises introductory essays on the treatment of Christians in the Qur’an, Qur’an commentaries, biographies of the Prophet, Hadith and Sunni law, and of Muslims in canon law, and the main body of more than two hundred detailed entries on all the works recorded, whether surviving or lost.

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Foreword

(1,894 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History 1 ( CMR1 to give it its acronym) is the first part of a general history of relations between Christians and Muslims as this is recorded in written sources. This history is intended to cover the whole span from the early seventh century to the present, and will include all continents. CMR1 takes in the first nine hundred years from 600 to 1500, while CMR2, CMR3 and the other histories will take in the five hundred years from 1500 to 2000 and after. While CMR1 covers the area of what may conveniently, if rather loosely, be called t…

Foreword

(1,423 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History 3 ( CMR 3) is the third volume of a general history of relations between Christians and Muslims as this is recorded in written sources.  Volume 1 covers the years 600 to 900, volume 2 carries the history from 1050 to 1200, this volume continues from 1050 to 1200, and volume 4 takes it further from 1200 to 1500.  It is hoped to continue the history through the five hundred years from 1500 to 2000 in further volumes in the series.  This and the other …

Foreword

(1,486 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History 2 ( CMR 2) is the second volume of a general history of relations between Christians and Muslims as this is recorded in written sources.  Volume 1 covers the years 600 to 900, this volume carries the history from 900 to 1150, volume 3 takes it on to 1200, and volume 4, which is currently in preparation, takes it further from 1200 to 1500.  It is hoped to continue the history through the five hundred years from 1500 to 2000 in further volumes in the …

Foreword

(1,354 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
Christian-Muslim relations. A bibliographical history 5 ( CMR 5), covering the period 1350-1500, is the fifth volume in a history of the written records of relations between Christians and Muslims. It covers the momentous events leading up to the fall of Constantinople and the rise of the Ottoman sultanate, continuing the history from the beginning of Islam in the seventh century, and leading into the early modern era. Later volumes will follow Muslims and Christians as they recorded their mutual encou…

Foreword

(1,482 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
front cover illustration: This shows the Gate of the two Baptisms at the Mar Behnam Monastery near Mosul. The overall design and decoration bear close similarities to the Mausoleum of Imām ʿAwn al-Dīn in Mosul, built by the Shīʿī ruler Badr al-Dīn Lu’lu’ in 1248. [NEW PAGE]----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- CONTENTS Foreword Abbreviations Herman G.B. Teule, Christian-Muslim religious Interaction 1200-1350. A historical and contextual Introduction Daniel G. Köni…

 Fortalitium fidei, contra Iudaeos, Sarracenos et alios Christianae fidei inimicos

(968 words)

Author(s): Echevarria, Ana
‘The fortress of faith, against Jews, Saracens and other enemies of the Christian faith’ Alonso de Espina Date: 1459-61 Original Language: Latin Description The Fortalitium fidei consists of five books, written to warn Christians of the evil of the enemies of their faith: heretics, Jews, Muslims and witches and demons. Each book is divided into 12 considerationes, each of these containing a number of chapters. Military metaphors are used throughout the book to depict the attacks of the enemies of Christianity and the ways in which Christians should a…

Francesco Filelfo

(1,421 words)

Author(s): Meserve, Margaret
Franciscus Philelphus, Franciscus Philelfus, Franciscus Filelfus, François Filelfe Date of Birth: 25 July 1398 Place of Birth: Tolentino Date of Death: 31 July 1481 Place of Death: Florence Biography Francesco Filelfo was a prominent Italian humanist of the mid-15th century, author of numerous poems, dialogues, philosophical treatises, histories, orations, commentaries, and letters. After an early period of employment and study in Constantinople in the 1420s, he became an outspoken advocate for a new European crusade against the Ott…

Fray Anselmo Turmeda

(720 words)

Author(s): Monferrer Sala, Juan Pedro
ʿAbd Allāh al-Tarjumān, ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd Allāh al-Tarjumān al-Mayūrqī al-Muhtadī (al-Tūnisī), Turmeda Date of Birth: Approximately 1352 Place of Birth: Palma de Mallorca Date of Death: Between 1424 and 1430 Place of Death: Tunis Biography Anselmo Turmeda (Ancelm Turmeda in Catalan) was born in Palma, Mallorca. According to the Tuḥfa, at the age of six he started to study the Gospel with a learned priest, and two years later he started on Greek (‘the language of the Gospel’) and also logic. At the age of 14 he went to the University of Aragon in Lerida to study natural scie…

'Fredegar' or Pseudo-Fredegar

(86 words)

Author(s): Collins, Roger
'Fredegar' Date of Birth: Unknown, probably 7th c. Place of Birth: Unknown, but somewhere in Francia Date of Death: Unknown, probably 7th c. Place of Death: Unknown Biography Nothing more is known about the author than what can be deduced from his world chronicle, which he wrote c. 660. Primary Sources of Information -- Secondary Sources of Information R. Collins Die Fredegar-Chroniken, Hannover, 2007, pp. 1-81 ( MGH Studien und Texte 44) Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Title uncertain. Conventional title: Fredegarii chronicon Roger Collins

Fulcher of Chartres

(792 words)

Author(s): Bull, Marcus
Fulcherius Carnotensis Date of Birth: 1058 or 1059 Place of Birth: Northern France; probably the Chartrain or Orléanais Date of Death: 1127 or 1128 Place of Death: Probably Jerusalem Biography Fulcher of Chartres was born in 1058 or 1059, probably in or near Chartres in northern France. He may have been a member of the cathedral clergy at Chartres and could have known the reformer Bishop Ivo (1090-1115), but this is less than certain. His standard of Latinity and knowledge of classical texts suggest a good level of education…

 Al-fuṣūl

(596 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
Chapters Al-Ashʿarī Date: Unknown, probably between about 900 and 932 Original Language: Arabic Description The work has not survived. Ibn ʿAsākir ( Tabyīn, p. 128, McCarthy, Theology, pp. 211-12) describes its contents as follows: ‘A refutation of the atheists and those who are outside the religion of Islam, such as the philosophers, the naturalists, the materialists, the assimilators and those who teach about the eternity of destiny, according to the differences of their views and the varieties of their positions; then…

 Fuṣūl mukhtaṣara fī l-tathlīth wa-l-ittiḥād

(677 words)

Author(s): Awad, Wadi
'Brief chapters on the Trinity and the act of Uniting' Al-Ṣafī ibn al-ʿAssāl Date: June 1242 Original Language: Arabic Description Fuṣūl mukhtaṣara is quoted by al-Muʾtaman ibn al-ʿAssāl, who identifies it as min al-taṣānīf al-Ṣafawiyya, ‘from Ṣafī’s works’. The work is not listed by Abū l-Barakāt ibn Kabar in the bibliographical chapter of his Miṣbāḥ al-ẓulma. The treatise is divided into two parts, the first on the Trinity (chs 1-6), and the second on the act of uniting between the divine and human natures in Christ (chs 7-11). At the beginning of …

 Fuṣūl al-qidr; Ṣalāt al-qidr; Qānūn li-man jaḥada l-īmān

(760 words)

Author(s): N. Swanson, Mark
'The rite of the jar'; 'The prayer of the jar'; 'The ritual for one who has denied the faith' The rite of the jar Date: Before 1374 Original Language: Arabic Description A special service of the Coptic Orthodox Church found in a few bilingual (Coptic-Arabic) manuscripts is ‘The rite of the jar’, introduced in the text as ‘[a] canon that the teachers of the church handed down concerning one who has denied the faith, or who has defiled his flesh with an unbeliever, whether male or female’ (translation from Coptic by MacCoull, ‘The rite of the jar’, p. 147). The Arabic title for the service, fuṣūl (or ṣ…

 [Fuṣūl tashtamilu ʿalā ʿiddati] Masāʾil saʾala ʿanhā tilmīdh min muʿallimihi

(904 words)

Author(s): N. Swanson, Mark
Kitāb al-muʿallim wa-l-tilmīdh (yataḍammanu thamāniyata abwāb)[Chapters comprising several] 'Questions that a disciple asked of his master', 'The book of the master and the disciple (8 chapters)' Marqus ibn al-Qunbar Date: Unknown, between about 1165 and 1208 Original Language: Arabic Description Masāʾil saʾala ʿanhā tilmīdh min muʿallimihi (‘Questions that a disciple asked of his master’) is a small book in eight chapters that occupies between 22 and 70 folios in the known manuscripts. Although the name of Marqus ibn al-Qunbar is not ment…