Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: David Thomas, Alex Mallett
Associate Editors: Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala, Johannes Pahlitzsch, Barbara Roggema, Mark Swanson, Herman Teule and John Tolan
Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general online history of relations between the faiths. It covers the period from 600 to 1500, when encounters took place through the extended Mediterranean basin and are recorded in Syriac, Arabic, Greek, Latin and other languages. Christian Muslim Relations Online comprises introductory essays on the treatment of Christians in the Qur’an, Qur’an commentaries, biographies of the Prophet, Hadith and Sunni law, and of Muslims in canon law, and the main body of more than two hundred detailed entries on all the works recorded, whether surviving or lost.

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Ghāzī ibn al-Wāsiṭī

(231 words)

Author(s): Mallett, Alex
Shihāb al-Dīn Ghāzī ibn Aḥmad ibn al-Wāsiṭī Date of Birth: Unknown; mid 13th-century Place of Birth: Aleppo Date of Death: 1312 Place of Death: Aleppo Biography Little is known about Ghāzī ibn al-Wāsiṭī. He was employed for a time by al-Malik al-Ashraf of Homs (r. 1245-62), the last of the Ayyūbid rulers of that town, and his time there seems to have been ended by the arrival of the Mongols. He moved to Egypt, where he held various posts in the Mamluk bureaucracy in Cairo until he fell from favor and was forced to move to Aleppo. He was a kātib, which probably means he was part of the middle-r…

Ghewond = Łewond = Lewond

(349 words)

Author(s): Greenwood, Tim
Ghewond Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography Nothing is known about Ghewond except that he held the clerical rank of vardapet, indicating that he was an unmarried priest with superior theological training who was responsible for doctrinal instruction and the maintenance of orthodox belief. His History was sponsored by Lord Shapuh Bagratuni, and a broad sympathy towards the Bagratuni house may be discerned in it. Unlike the History attributed to Sebeos (q.v.), however, the final notices do not f…

Ghiwarghis I

(352 words)

Author(s): G.B. Teule, Herman
Biography Born into a noble family, Ghiwarghis was sent by his parents to take charge of their estates in the country of Margā, where he became attracted to monastic life and became monk in the Monastery of Bēt ʿAbē. He caught the attention of Ishoʿyahb, bishop of Mosul-Nineveh, and when the latter became patriarch of the Church of the East as Ishoʿyahb III (q.v.), he made Ghiwarghis metropolitan of Irbil. Shortly before his death, Ishoʿyahb suggested the name of ‘his disciple Ghiwarghis’ to the future electors of the new patriarch. The brief note on Ghiwarghis in the Kitāb al-majdal (11th c.?) also mentions him as metropolitan of Gundishāpūr. Ghiwa…

 Al-ghunya fī l-kalām; Kitāb al-ghunya fī uṣūl al-dīn

(759 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
The indispensable, on theology; The indispensable, on the principles of religion Abū l-Qāsim al-Anṣārī Date: After 1094 Original Language: Arabic Description Al-ghunya fī l-kalām is a substantial theological treatise in three parts, only the first of which has so far been published. This is more than 350 …

Giovanni Boccaccio

(1,657 words)

Author(s): Morosini, Roberta
Biography Giovanni Boccaccio was born in either June or July 1313 from a relationship which Boccaccio (or Boccaccino) di Chelino had with an unknown woman who was probably of humble birth. Among the recurring elements in Boccaccio’s self-portrait are birth out of wedlock to a French mother – either a king’s daughter ( Filocolo, possibly 1336) or a widowed Parisian noblewoman ( Comedia delle ninfe 1341-42) – subse…

Giovanni da Carignano

(538 words)

Author(s): Frederiks, Martha
Giovanni di Mauro da Carignano Date of Birth: Unknown; possibly second half of the 13th century Place of Birth: Unknown; possibly Genoa…

 Girkʿ Hartsʿmantsʿ

(1,997 words)

Author(s): La Porta, Sergio
‘Book of questions’ Gregory of Tat‘ew Date: 1397 Original Language: Armenian Description The Book of questions is divided into ten volumes that in the printed edited are further subdivided into 40 sections. Each section presents a series of questions ascribed to a supposed pupil, and the master’s responses. Its overall structure evidences its systematic approach and reveals a clear theological program. Vol. 1 contains polemics against those who believe in fate and in the divine creation of evil, as well as aga…

 Glossarium Latino-Arabicum

(562 words)

Author(s): Burman, Thomas E.
Latin-Arabic glossary Glossarium Latino-Arabicum Date: Van Koningsveld’s argument that this lexicon dates to the 12th century is persuasive. Original Language: Arabic Description Five hundred and sixty-six pages long in the only modern edition, the Glossarium latino-arabicum is a lexicon devised for Mozarabs educated in Arabic to study Latin, the ancestral and ecclesiastical language of Arabic-speaking Christians of al-Andalus.  This is apparent from the fact that the entries consist of a list of Latin words which are then explai…

Glossarium Latino-Arabicum

(118 words)

Author(s): Burman, Thomas E.
Biography No biographical data survive. Primary Sources of Information The only known work of this author, the Glossarium latino-arabicum, offers no meaningful factual information on his life. But as van Koningsveld has thoroughly shown, its contents and composition indicate that he was a learned Mozarab who designed this lexicon to assist other Mozarabs, whose language had for long been Arabic, in acquiring a knowledge of Latin. Secondary Sources of Information By far the most important study of this author is van Koningsveld, The Latin-Arabic glossary, esp. pp. 64-66.  For th…