Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: David Thomas, Alex Mallett
Associate Editors: Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala, Johannes Pahlitzsch, Barbara Roggema, Mark Swanson, Herman Teule and John Tolan
 
Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general online history of relations between the faiths. It covers the period from 600 to 1500, when encounters took place through the extended Mediterranean basin and are recorded in Syriac, Arabic, Greek, Latin and other languages. Christian Muslim Relations Online comprises introductory essays on the treatment of Christians in the Qur’an, Qur’an commentaries, biographies of the Prophet, Hadith and Sunni law, and of Muslims in canon law, and the main body of more than two hundred detailed entries on all the works recorded, whether surviving or lost.

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 Al-ʿuhūd al-ʿumariyya fī l-Yahūd wa-l-Naṣārā

(204 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
‘The pacts of ʿUmar concerning the Jews and Christians’ Ibn al-ʿAṭṭār Date: Late 14th century; before 1392 Original Language: Arabic Description This lost work is almost completely unknown. It is mentioned by Ḥajjī Khalīfa alone ( Kashf al-ẓunūn, col. 1180), and he says nothing about it except that Ibn al-ʿAṭṭār jamaʿahā (‘brought them together’). By this he presumably means that Ibn al-ʿAṭṭār assembled together what must have been the different versions of the Pact of ʿUmar (q.v.) that were known in his time. Since this would have been a broad…

Uncertain author

(49 words)

Author(s): Schadler, Peter
The Dialogue between a Saracen and a Christian Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography -- Primary Sources of Information -- Secondary Sources of Information -- Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Dialexis Sarakēnou kai Christianou Peter Schadler

Uncertain; Yūḥannā (John) ?

(490 words)

Author(s): N. Swanson, Mark
John the Writer Date of Birth: c. 820 Place of Birth: Egypt Date of Death: After 866 Place of Death: Egypt Biography The author of the principal source for Lives 47-55 of The History of the patriarchs of Alexandria (covering the years 767-880) was a Coptic Orthodox monk and a former disciple of the hermit Amūna, who around the year 840 had taught him to write and prophesied that he would be the author of the next section of The History of the patriarchs (Evetts, PO 10, pp. 531-32). A little later, he became spiritual son and scribe to Patriarch Yūsāb I (the 52nd patriarch, 831-49), whom he attend…

 Unknown

(622 words)

Author(s): Lamoreaux, John C.
Questions on the Son of God Theodore Abū Qurra Date: Late 8th or early 9th c. Original Language: Arabic Description The original title of this work has been lost. Its three extant selections are entitled: (i) Maymar fī annahu lā yughfaru (sic) li-aḥad khaṭīʾatuhu illā bi-awjāʿ al-Masīḥ allatī ḥallat bihi fī shaʾn al-nās wa-anna man lā yuʾminu bi-hādhihi l-awjāʿ wa-yuqarribuhā li-l-Āb ʿan dhunūbihi fa-lā maghfirata li-dhunūbihi abadan, 'Treatise on the fact that no one's sins are forgiven except through the pains that Christ experienced for the sake of human be…

Unknown

(112 words)

Author(s): Salah and Mark Swanson, Eid
Masāʾil wa-ajwiba ʿaqliyya wa-ilāhiyya Date of Birth: Unknown, possibly 8th/9th c. Place of Birth: Unknown, but later had connections with Jerusalem Date of Death: Unknown, possibly 9th c. Place of Death: Unknown, but possibly in or near Jerusalem Biography The unknown author was a Melkite priest and monk who wrote an Arabic apology for the Christian faith (preserved in a single manuscript at Mt Sinai), in response to the questions of a Muslim shaykh of Jerusalem, possibly in the 9th century. Primary Sources of Information MS Sinai – Ar. 434, fols 171r-181v Secondary Sources of Informa…

Unknown

(220 words)

Author(s): N. Swanson, Mark
The Disputation of the monk Ibrāhīm al-Ṭabarānī Date of Birth: Probably 9th c. Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: 9th or 10th c. Place of Death: Unknown Biography Nothing is known of the anonymous author/redactor of The Disputation of the monk Ibrāhīm al-Ṭabarānī beyond what can be deduced from the text (a story set c. 815-20) and the date of the earliest manuscript (10th c.). The author was probably a Melkite Christian, perhaps a monk. He was well-versed in the themes and arguments of Christian-Muslim controversy, and could draw upon both the Bible and …

 Unknown

(530 words)

Author(s): N. Swanson, Mark
Fī uṣūl al-dīn al-masīḥī'On the fundamentals of the Christian religion' Muṣṭafā l-Mulk Abū Yūsuf Date: Late 12th or early 13th century Original Language: Arabic Description We are not certain of the original title of the work from which al-Muʾtaman ibn al-ʿAssāl extracted a couple of pages in his Majmūʿ uṣūl al-dīn; al-Muʾtaman speaks of Muṣṭafā l-Mulk’s discourse fī kitābihi alladhī ṣanafahu fī uṣūl al-dīn al-masīḥī, ‘in his book which he composed on the fundamentals of the Christian religion’, where it is not clear whether ‘on the fundamentals of the Chris…

Unknown

(16 words)

Author(s): Simelidis, Christos
Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim RelationsΑ Greek translation of the QurʾanChristos Simelidis

 unknown. ʿAfīf refers to it as Risāla mukhtaṣara mushtamila ʿalā madhāhib al-Naṣārā

(685 words)

Author(s): N. Swanson, Mark
Al-fuṣūl al-khamsata ʿasharaA concise treatise inclusive of the Christian denominations, The fifteen chapters ʿAfīf ibn al-Makīn ibn Muʾammal Date: 11th century? (possibly between 1026 and 1046) Original Language: Arabic Description The title of the work is uncertain, which has led to a number of variations as found in the secondary literature: [A l-]risāla [(al-)mukhtaṣara] ʿalā/fī madhāhib/madhhab al-Naṣārā. The work is indeed a fairly ‘concise treatise’, occupying 17 pages in the journal A l-Mashriq when it was first published. Furthermore, it is subdivided into …

 Unknown; a scribal note in the MS reads:Hādhihi mujādala bayna l-Naṣārā wa-l-Yahūd, wa-dhālika kāna rajul Naṣrānī wa-Yahūdī kānā bi-Ḥimṣ, wa kānū yatajādalūna fīmā baynahum

(1,103 words)

Author(s): Lamoreaux, John C.
This is a disputation between the Christians and the Jews – that is to say, there was a certain Christian and a certain Jew [who] were in Homs and were disputing with one another, The disputation of Abū Iṣḥāq and a Jew, in the presence of the Muslim notable Junāda ibn Marwān of Homs The Disputation of Abū Isḥāq and a Jew Date: Unknown, possibly 9th or 10th century Original Language: Arabic Description The account of the disputation between Abū Iṣḥāq and his unnamed Jewish interlocutor is a relatively short text, some 13 folios in the unique manuscript in which it has…

Unknown author

(43 words)

Author(s): Thomas, David
Ḥadīth Wāṣil al-Dimashqī Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography - Primary Sources of Information - Secondary Sources of Information - Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Ḥadīth Wāṣil al-Dimashqī David Thomas

Unknown author

(54 words)

Author(s): Pahlitzsch, Johannes
Doctrina Iacobi nuper baptizati Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography -- Primary Sources of Information -- Secondary Sources of Information -- Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Didaskalia Iakōbou neobaptistou, ‘Doctrina Iacobi nuper baptizati’,  ‘Teachings of Jacob, the newly baptized’ Johannes Pahlitzsch

Unknown author

(53 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
The Disputation of John and the Emir Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Egartā d-Mār(y) Yoḥannan patṛ iyarkā metṭụ l mamllā d-mallel ʿam amirā da-Mhaggrāyē, Barbara Roggema

Unknown author

(50 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
Pseudo-Leo III’s first letter to ʿUmar II Date of Birth: Unknown, 8th c.? Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown, 8th c.? Place of Death: Unknown Biography -- Primary Sources of Information -- Secondary Sources of Information -- Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Title unknown Barbara Roggema

Unknown author

(52 words)

Author(s): Roggema, Barbara
The Confession which Kaʿb al-Aḥbār handed down to the Ishmaelites Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Tawditā d-ashlem l-Ishmaʿlāyē Kaʿb sāprā – dukhrāneh l-lūttā Barbara Roggema

Unknown author

(103 words)

Author(s): Vila, David H.
The Martyrdom of Anthony (Rawḥ al-Qurashī) Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: After 25 December 799 Place of Death: Unknown Biography Nothing is known of this author beyond what can be deduced from the text of the Martyrdom he composed. He was an Arabic-speaking Melkite Christian, possibly a monk. Primary Sources of Information See below, references under Manuscripts, Editions and Translations. Secondary Sources of Information See below, references under Studies. Works on Christian-Muslim Relations The text is untitled, but begins: ‘Thi…

Unknown author

(176 words)

Author(s): Efthymiadis, Stephanos
The Sixty Martyrs of Jerusalem Date of Birth: Unknown; probably 8th c. Place of Birth: Perhaps Palestine Date of Death: Unknown; probably 8th c. Place of Death: Perhaps Palestine Biography The anonymous author must have lived in Syria and Palestine and have mastered at least two languages, Syriac and Greek. In an appendix (§ 12) to the main text it is revealed that it was Ioannes the monk who read the original, went 'after a time' on pilgrimage to Jerusalem to venerate the relics of the martyrs, and commissioned the translat…

Unknown author

(52 words)

Author(s): Debié, Muriel
The Apocalypse of Pseudo-Ezra Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography -- Primary Sources of Information -- Secondary Sources of Information -- Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Shēltā d-shēl ʿĀzrā sāprā kad hwā b-madbrā w-talmideh ʿameh da-shmeh Qarpus Muriel Debié

Unknown author

(85 words)

Author(s): G.B. Teule, Herman
The Maronite Chronicle Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography The author of this chronicle probably belonged to the Maronite community, as is suggested by an important passage in the chronicle itself. Primary Sources of Information E.-W. Brooks, Chronica Minora II, Paris, 1904 ( CSCO 4), pp. 43-74, esp. p. 70 Hoyland, Seeing Islam, p. 135 Secondary Sources of Information See below Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Title unknown; Chronicon Maroniticum Herman G.B. Teule

Unknown author

(73 words)

Author(s): Kolia-Dermitzaki, Athina
The Forty-two martyrs of Amorion (BHG 1212) Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Athlēsis tōn hagiōn kai kallinikōn mb´ martyrōn tou Christou, Kōnstantinou, Theodōrou, Theophilou, Kallistou, Bassoou kai tōn syn autōn teleiōthentōn en Syria hypo tōn atheōn Agarēnōn epi Michaēl kai Theodōras tōn orthodoxōn basileōn Athina Kolia-Dermitzaki
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