Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editor: David Thomas, Alex Mallett
Associate Editors: Juan Pedro Monferrer-Sala, Johannes Pahlitzsch, Barbara Roggema, Mark Swanson, Herman Teule and John Tolan
Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general online history of relations between the faiths. It covers the period from 600 to 1500, when encounters took place through the extended Mediterranean basin and are recorded in Syriac, Arabic, Greek, Latin and other languages. Christian Muslim Relations Online comprises introductory essays on the treatment of Christians in the Qur’an, Qur’an commentaries, biographies of the Prophet, Hadith and Sunni law, and of Muslims in canon law, and the main body of more than two hundred detailed entries on all the works recorded, whether surviving or lost.

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William of Auvergne

(934 words)

Author(s): Murphy, Sean
Guillaume d’Auvergne, Guillelmus Alvernus Date of Birth: Unknown; probably between 1180 and 1190 Place of Birth: Auvergne Date of Death: Late March (probably 30th) 1249 Place of Death: Paris Biography A native of the Auvergne region in France, probably born in or near Aurillac, William spent his entire professional life in Paris. He was a canon of the cathedral by 1223, and held a chair of theology in the university by 1225 – a twinning of political and intellectual professions that defined his career. William amply demonstr…

William of Malmesbury

(273 words)

Author(s): Tolan, John
Willelmus Malmesbiriensis Date of Birth: End of 11th century Place of Birth: Probably Wiltshire Date of Death: 1143 or after Place of Death: Malmesbury Biography Almost all we know of William is gleaned from his own works. Born of mixed parentage (Norman and Anglo-Saxon), as a child or teenager William entered the abbey of Malmesbury, Wiltshire, where he was to remain a monk for the rest of his life. Not interested in ecclesiastical advancement (he twice refused to become abbot), he preferred to devote himself to learni…

William of Rubruck

(798 words)

Author(s): Guéret-Laferté, Michèle
Guillelmus de Rubruc, Willelmus de Rubruk, Willem van Ruysbroeck, Guillaume de Rubrouck, Rubruck Date of Birth: Before 1215 Place of Birth: Rubrouck, near Cassel, France Date of Death: Uncertain; late 13th century Place of Death: Unknown Biography Most of our knowledge of William of Rubruck is based on the long letter he sent to King Louis IX in 1255, upon returning from the expedition to Mongolia with which the king had entrusted him. Born in Rubruck in the north of France, in 1215 at the latest according to Pelliot ( Recherches, p. 79), William was a Franciscan from the second gene…

William of Tripoli

(506 words)

Author(s): Burman, Thomas E.
Biography Remarkably little is known about the life of this Dominican friar. Thomas Engels, the modern editor of the two works connected with him, has shown convincingly that many events associated with his life in traditional accounts amount to little more than fiction. From his name as it appears in his works, Gullelmus Tripolitanus, it appears likely that he was born in Tripoli under crusader rule, and that he learned Arabic, at least to some degree, as he grew up. While it is not known when h…

William of Tyre

(1,029 words)

Author(s): Mallett, Alex
Willelmus Tyrensis, Guillaume de Tyr Date of Birth: about 1130 Place of Birth: Jerusalem Date of Death: 29 September, 1184, 1185, or 1186 Place of Death: Unknown, though almost certainly somewhere in the Kingdom of Jerusalem Biography William was born in Jerusalem, the crusader capital, around the year 1130, probably to a non-noble family of burgess stock. When he was about 15, he went to western Europe to be educated, and studied liberal arts, theology, and canon and civil law at Paris, Orleans, and Bologna. He returned to the Hol…