Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editors: David Thomas and John Chesworth
Associate Editors: John Azumah, Clinton Bennett, Lejla Demiri, Martha Frederiks, Stanisław Grodź, Andrew Newman, Douglas Pratt

Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general history of relations between the two faiths as this is represented in works written by Christians and Muslims about the other and against the other. It covers all parts of the world in the period 1500-1914. Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online comprises thousands of comprehensive entries on individual works and their authors, together with introductory essays to the periods and areas covered, making it the fullest available source in this field.



(34 words)

Author(s): Steenbrink, Karel
Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Dagh-register van ‘tgene hier in Batavia ‘tsedert Primo January 1624 gepasseert is gelyck mede verscheyden tydingen van andere Qartieren becomen et cetera Karel Steenbrink

 Dagh-register van ‘tgene hier in Batavia ‘tsedert Primo January 1624 gepasseert is gelyck mede verscheyden tydingen van andere Qartieren becomen et cetera

(2,011 words)

Author(s): Steenbrink, Karel
‘Daily account of what has taken place here in Batavia since 1 January 1624, as well as some reports about other settlements’ Dagh-register Date: 1624-1799 Original Language: Dutch DescriptionOn 6 December 1621, Governor General Jan Pieterszoon Coen ordered all settlements of the VOC to keep a diary ( Dagh-register) of important events. This was to include reports about local politics and trade rivals, especially the British but also the French, Danish, Portuguese, Gujarati and others. An account was entered for every month, detailing the shi…

 'Ḍaḥḍ al-shaykh Ṣāliḥ ibn Manṣūr al-Kawtharānī';

(2,486 words)

Author(s): Sahin, Elena
'Al-maqāṣid al-saniyya fī ithbāt al-tathlīth wa-l-waḥdāniyya''Apologetic answer to the accusations made by Shaykh Ṣāliḥ ibn Manṣūr al-Kawtharānī' Jibrāʾīl ibn Farḥāt ibn Miṭr ibn Shāhīn al-Mashrūqī ibn Raʿd al-Ḥaṣrūnī al-Ḥalabī al-Mārūnī Date: 1727/8 Original Language: Arabic DescriptionAs well as his other activities, Jirmānūs Farḥāt also engaged in Christian-Muslim debates. According to Louis Cheikho and Joseph Nasrallah, he composed an apologetic work which starts with a poem of 42 verses and develops into a treatise of six ch…

Damião de Góis

(689 words)

Author(s): Martinez, Andreu
Biography Damião de Góis (also Goes), one of the outstanding Portuguese figures of the 16th century, was a humanist and official of the Portuguese Crown. He was born to a noble family in the service of the kings of Portugal, and his grandfather, Gomes Dias de Góis, had been in the entourage of Prince Henry the Navigator. In 1511, at a young age, Góis entered the service of King Manuel I, first as page and later as  moço da câmara (chamberlain), a position that his brother Fructo de Góis also held (Góis, Fides, religio, moresqve Aethiopvm, p. 12). In 1523, King João III sent him to An…

Daniel Defoe

(556 words)

Author(s): Matar, Nabil
Daniel Foe Date of Birth: About 1660 Place of Birth: London Date of Death: 24 April 1731 Place of Death: London BiographyDaniel Foe was born in London in 1660 to nonconformist parents and received his first education at a dissenting academy. Although he initially intended to pursue a religious calling, in 1681 he followed his father into trade as a wholesale hosier, later expanding into the export-import business. In 1683, he published a treatise in which he showed his fear of Ottoman power on the Continent, assumin…

Daniel Havart

(1,042 words)

Author(s): Kruijtzer, Gijs
Daniel Houwert, Hauwert, Havert, Havardt Date of Birth: Probably 29 December 1650 Place of Birth: Probably Amsterdam Date of Death: 2 June 1724 Place of Death: Rotterdam BiographyAccording to two biographical notes, Daniel Havart was born in 1650 in Amsterdam to Elisabeth Vermeer and Servaes Houwert, although neither the date nor the place of his birth is confirmed by any records. In his publications, his name appears as Havart but alternative spellings found in records from his early life are Houwert, Hauwert, Havert and…

Danish captivity narratives

(29 words)

Author(s): Bæk Simonsen, Jørgen
Date of Birth: Place of Birth: Date of Death: Place of Death: Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim RelationsDanish captivity narrativesJørgen Bæk Simonsen

 Danish captivity narratives

(2,707 words)

Author(s): Bæk Simonsen, Jørgen
- Danish captivity narratives Date: - Original Language: Add Language DescriptionDenmark had extensive trade with North Africa and the rest of the Middle East through the 17th and 18th centuries, and a number of seamen were taken captive by corsairs from the Sultanate of Morocco or from the semi-autonomous Ottoman provinces of Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli. We have no reliable knowledge of the total number of European captives and recent research gives very different estimates, from one million (Davis, Christian slaves, p. 8) to 180,000 (Panzac, La marine ottoman, p. 95). The exact nu…

 Das siebend Capitel Danielis von des Türcken Gotteslesterung vnd schrecklicher morderey mit vnterricht Justi Jonae

(1,386 words)

Author(s): Hund, Johannes
Das siebend Capitel Danielis‘The seventh chapter of Daniel on the blasphemy of the Turk and his terrible murderous acts, together with an instruction of Justus Jonas’, ‘The seventh chapter of Daniel’ Jodokus (Jobst) Koch Date: Late 1529 or early 1530 Original Language: German Description Jonas finished Das siebend Capitel Danielis in autumn 1529, after the end of the Ottoman siege of Vienna in October 1529. The book, containing 32 quarto pages, was printed sometime around December 1529 or January 1530 by Hans Lufft, one of the most important printers of the Wittenberg Reformation. Altho…

David Friedrich Megerlin

(896 words)

Author(s): Hamilton, Alastair
Date of Birth: Around 1698 Place of Birth: Königsbronn Date of Death: 1778 Place of Death: Frankfurt am Main BiographyThere is some uncertainty about the date and place of David Friedrich Megerlin’s birth. It is generally thought that he was born to a Lutheran family in Württemberg between 1698 and 1700, although the place is sometimes given as Königsbronn and sometimes Stuttgart. When he matriculated at the University of Tübingen in 1716, Megerlin described himself as ‘Brackenheimensis’. This could mean either th…

David Jones

(628 words)

Author(s): Bennett, Clinton
Date of Birth: Probably 1660 Place of Birth: Llwynrhys, Cardiganshire, Wales Date of Death: 1720 Place of Death: Probably Clerkenwell, London BiographyDavid Jones was probably born in or soon after 1660 in Llwynrhys, in the parish of Llanbadarn Odwyn, Cardiganshire, the year that his father John Jones (1640-1722), an early Congregational minister, is believed to have married Margaret Edwards. The Jones’ house was first licensed for nonconformist worship in 1672 and remained in use until 1735 (Gordon,  Freedom after ejection, p. 294). Jones may have attended a grammar schoo…

David Mallet

(460 words)

Author(s): Ga'far, Khadeega
Date of Birth: 1701/2 Place of Birth: Crieff, Perthshire Date of Death: 21 April 1765 Place of Death: London BiographyDavid Malloch, who later changed his name to Mallet, was an Anglo-Scottish poet, dramatist and writer. Born into a poor family, he attended Crieff parish school and then, being unable to fund his higher education, he supported himself by working as a janitor at Edinburgh high school under the mentorship of John Ker, a writer of Latin poetry and later professor of humanities at Edinburgh University (Sambrook, ‘Mallet’). Mallet was able to overcome his financial and …

David Nerreter

(425 words)

Author(s): Cyranka, Daniel
Date of Birth: 1649 Place of Birth: Nuremberg Date of Death: 1726 Place of Death: Stargard, Pomerania (today, Poland) BiographyDavid Nerreter had his family roots in Nuremberg. He studied in Altdorf and Königsberg, where he finally presented his dissertation on philosophy in 1672. In 1670 he earned the poeta laureatus prize, and was admitted to Pegnitz Flower Society in Nuremberg ( Societas Florigera ad Pegnesum; Pegnesischer Blumenorden, a German literary society founded in 1644, and still active) under the name ‘Philemon’. The society was highly influenced b…

 David Nerreters Neu eröffnete Mahometanische Moschea

(1,660 words)

Author(s): Cyranka, Daniel
‘David Nerreter’s newly opened Muḥammadan mosque’ David Nerreter Date: 1703 Original Language: German Description David Nerreters Neu eröffnete Mahometanische Moschea was published in Nuremberg in 1703 (the title in full is   David Nerreters Neu eröffnete Mahometanische Moschea, worinn nach Anleitung der VI. Abtheilung von unterschiedlichen Gottes-Diensten der Welt, Alexander Rossens, Erstlich Der Mahometanischen Religion Anfang, Ausbreitung, Secten, Regierungen, mancherley Gebräuche, und vermuthlicher Untergang, Fürs andre d…

Davitʻ Guramishvili

(792 words)

Author(s): Amirkhanashvili, Ivane
Date of Birth: 1705 Place of Birth: Guramiantkari, Georgia Date of Death: 21 July 1792 Place of Death: Myrhorod, Ukraine BiographyDavitʻ Guramishvili was born in 1705 in the village of Guramiantʻkari, eastern Georgia, where his ancestors, who were from southern Georgia, had settled at the beginning of the 15th century. Davitʻ’s father, Giorgi Shioshis-dże Guramishvili, entrusted his son to a nurse in a peasant family who were so poor that the poet retained the memories of the hardship and hunger they experienced into his old age. In summer 1728, Guramishvili was kidnapped by ma…


(787 words)

Author(s): Amirkhanashvili, Ivane
- Davitʻ Guramishvili Date: 1787 Original Language: Georgian DescriptionThe works of Davit‘ Guramishvili are brought together in one book under the title Davit‘iani, compiled by the author himself at the end of the 18th century. This title has a double meaning, on the one hand indicating the name of the author, while on the other, forming a reference to the Psalms of David, known in Old Georgian as the Davit‘ni. Davitʻiani is divided into four parts, by analogy with the four Gospels. It is a multidimensional, polyphonic, systemic work, imbued with a medieval worl…

 Dawit‘ Bēk kam patmut‘iwn Łap‘anc‘woc‘

(2,607 words)

Author(s): Cowe, S. Peter
Patmut‘iwn‘Dawit‘ Bēk or the history of the Lap‘anc‘ians’ Łukas Sebastac‘i Date: Mid-1730s Original Language: Armenian Description Dawit‘ Bēk kam patmut‘iwn Łap‘anc‘woc‘ (‘Dawit‘ Bēk or the history of the Lap‘anc‘ians’) is based on personal accounts by Step‘anos Shahumean and Tēr Awetis, who were present with Dawit‘ Bēk during the course of the conflict. It was composed in the mid 1730s, a few years after the events it relates. The autograph manuscript (V620) is held by the Armenian Catholic Mkhitarist Library, San…

 De afflictione Christianorum

(564 words)

Author(s): Höfert, Almut
De afflictione Christianorum‘On the suffering of the Christians’ Bartol Đurđević, Bartolomej Đurđević, Bartholomaeus Gjorgevic, Bartol Jurjević, Bartolomeo Georgijević, Bartholomaeo Georgievitz, Bartholomaeo Gyurgievits, Bartłomiej Georgiewicz Date: 1544 Original Language: Latin Description In this 32-page book (its fuller title is De afflictione tam captivorum quam etiam sub Turcae tribute viventium Christianorum, ‘On the suffering of both the captives and also the Christians living under the tribute of the Turk’), Georgius presents his expe…

 De Ambonse historie ..., and De generale lant-beschrijvinge ...

(1,407 words)

Author(s): Karel Steenbrink, Lucien van Liere and
‘A history of Ambon’, and ‘A general description of the Islands of Ambon’ Jeuriaen Everhard Rumpf; Georg Eberhard Rumpf Date: 1678 Original Language: Dutch DescriptionThe two works De Ambonse historie, behelsende een kort verhaal der gedenkwaardigste geschiedenissen, zo in vreede als oorlog voorgevallen, sedert dat de Nederlandsche Oost Indische Comp. het besit in Amboina gehadt heeft, and  De generale lant-beschrijvinge van het Ambonese Gouvernement behelsende en wat daaronder begrepen zij, mitsgaders een Summarisch verhaal van de Ternataanse en Port…

 De bello Pannonico libri decem

(1,155 words)

Author(s): Szebelédi, Zsolt
'On the war in Hungary, ten books' Caspar Ursinus Velius Date: Between 1531 and 1537 Original Language: Latin Description The De bello Pannonico of Ursinus Velius amounts to 182 pages in the edition of Franciscus Kollár made in 1762. According to Kollár, the tenth book of the fragmentary work was left uncompleted because of Ursinus’s death. No critical edition has yet been published, and there is only one translation, into Hungarian. The manuscript, presumably in an incomplete form, can be found in a mid-16th-century codex held in the National Library of Austria. Consisting of ten book…
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