Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editors: David Thomas and John Chesworth
Associate Editors: John Azumah, Clinton Bennett, Lejla Demiri, Martha Frederiks, Stanisław Grodź, Andrew Newman, Douglas Pratt

Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general history of relations between the two faiths as this is represented in works written by Christians and Muslims about the other and against the other. It covers all parts of the world in the period 1500-1914. Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online comprises thousands of comprehensive entries on individual works and their authors, together with introductory essays to the periods and areas covered, making it the fullest available source in this field.

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 Eben-ezer

(2,649 words)

Author(s): Moberly, David C.
- William Okeley Date: 1675 Original Language: English Description William Okeley’s  Eben-ezer; or, A small monument of great mercy, appearing in the miraculous deliverance of William Okeley was published in 1675, 31 years after its writer’s escape from captivity and return to England in 1644. In his dedicatory letter, Okeley gives a number of reasons for this delay: first, England was in the middle of the Civil War when he arrived home; second, it took him time to digest his own experience; third, he at first did not wa…

Ebussuud Efendi

(695 words)

Author(s): Kermeli, Eugenia
Ebussuud ibn Muhammad ibn Mustafa el-İmâd, Hoca Çelebi Date of Birth: 30 December 1490 Place of Birth: Istanbul, Meteris (Mudarris) village Date of Death: 23 August 1574 Place of Death: Istanbul, Eyüp District Biography Ebussuud Efendi, also known as Hoca Çelebi, was one of the most distinguished and celebrated Ottoman Ḥanafī scholars. He served as a  müderris (teacher) a  kadı (judge), a  kazasker (military judge) and  şeyhülislâm (head of the Ottoman religious establishment) during the reigns of Süleyman I (r. 1520–66) and his son Selim II (r. 1566-74). I…

 Ecclesiastica historia

(2,080 words)

Author(s): Vidaković, Tomislav
Ecclesiastica historiaCenturiae Magdeburgenses; , Magdeburger Zenturien‘Ecclesiastical history’Magdeburg centuries Centuriators of Magdeburg Date: 1559-after 1574 Original Language: Latin Description The abbreviated title,  Magdeburg centuries (Lat.  Centuriae Magdeburgenses), which is derived from the division into centuries (one  Centuria for each 100 years) and the name of the city where the project was begun, became popular from the third edition of the work, 1757-65 (the fuller title is  Ecclesiastica historia, integram Ecclesiae Christi ideam, quantum…

Edgar Allan Poe

(872 words)

Author(s): Berman, Jacob
Date of Birth: 18 January 1809 Place of Birth: Boston, Massachusetts Date of Death: 7 October 1849 Place of Death: Baltimore, Maryland Biography Edgar Allan Poe was an American author, poet, editor and literary critic. He was a pioneer in several literary forms, including detective fiction and science fiction, but is most often associated with his Gothic tales and the poem that brought him a measure of contemporary literary fame, ‘The raven’ (1845). He dabbled in many of the popular genres of his period, always consci…

Edmund Spenser

(1,277 words)

Author(s): Bennett, Clinton
Biography Edmund Spenser was born in London, although his family may have originated from Lancashire. His name occasionally appears as Edmond Spenser and as Edmund Spencer. His father may have been a John Spenser, who worked for the Merchant Taylors’ Company, which would explain why Edmund attended the Merchant Taylors’ School, founded in 1561, possibly a member of the first class. At Merchant Taylors’, Edmund was mainly exposed to the humanities under a headmaster, Richard Mulcaster (1531-1611),…

Edmund Waller

(1,189 words)

Author(s): Sisneros, Katie
Biography Edmund Waller, poet and politician, was born into a wealthy English family. On the death of his father in 1616, he found himself heir to vast estates in Buckinghamshire, Oxfordshire and Bedfordshire. He married the wealthy heiress, Anne Banks, in 1631 and, after her death in 1634, famously but unsuccessfully courted the daughter of the Earl of Leicester, Lady Dorothy Sidney, after whom ‘Sacharissa’, the subject of many of his most celebrated poems, is modelled. Waller was first elected to Parliament at the age of 18, representing Ilchester, Chipping Wycombe …

Edward Gibbon

(860 words)

Author(s): Bennett, Clinton
Date of Birth: 8 May 1737 Place of Birth: Putney, Surrey Date of Death: 16 January 1794 Place of Death: St James Street, London BiographyEdward Gibbon was born on 8 May 1737 in Putney, Surrey, the son of Edward and Judith Gibbon, and was the only one of their six children to survive into adulthood. Mainly educated privately due to ill health, he spent several years at a school in Kingston-upon-Thames (1746-8) and was briefly at Westminster School (1749-50), which his father had attended. Following an improvement in his…

Edward Pococke

(1,366 words)

Author(s): Matar, Nabil
Biography Edward Pococke, Laudian Professor of Arabic and Regius Professor of Hebrew at Oxford University, was the foremost Arabist in 17th-century England. Having matriculated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, he was admitted as a scholar at Corpus Christi College in 1620, where he studied Greek and Hebrew, and in 1626 he started learning Arabic. After he was ordained in the Church of England, he went to Aleppo and from 1630 to 1636 served as a chaplain to the Levant Company, during which time he intensified his study of …

Edward Pococke Junior

(523 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
Date of Birth: October 1648 Place of Birth: 27 December 1726 Date of Death: Childrey, Berkshire Place of Death: Mildenhall, Wiltshire BiographyEdward Pococke was born in 1648 in Childrey, Berkshire. He was the eldest son of the renowned Arabist Edward Pococke, who left Oxford during the Civil War (1642-51) and became rector of Childrey. The family returned to Oxford after the Restoration (1660) and the young Edward was admitted as a student at Christ Church in 1661 at the age of 12, where John Locke was his tutor. His father taught him Arabic and H…

Edward Terry

(202 words)

Author(s): Nicholls, Ruth J.
BiographyEdward Terry was a clergyman who went to India with the East India Company fleet in 1615. On arrival, he became chaplain to Sir Thomas Row (Roe or Rowe), British ambassador in the Mughal Court, filling the vacancy left by the death of the Revd John Hall. He returned to England in 1619 and wrote about his experiences, and in 1622 presented his account to the Prince of Wales (who became King Charles I in 1625). It appears that  A voyage to East India, which was printed in 1655, expands on that initial work. While Terry was in India, then ruled by the Moghul Emperor Jahāngīr, he…

 Efterretninger om Marokos og Fes, samlede der i Landene fra 1760 til 1768

(857 words)

Author(s): Bæk Simonsen, Jørgen
‘Information about Morocco and Fes collected in the countries from 1760 to 1768’ Georg Hjersing Høst Date: 1779 Original Language: Danish DescriptionWhen Høst returned to Denmark from the Virgin Islands in 1776, he began preparations for his first book on Morocco  Efterretninger om Marókos og Fes, samlede der i landene fra 1760 til 1768 ('Information about Morocco and Fes collected in the countries from 1760 to 1768'). It was published in Copenhagen in 1779 . In the preface, he explains that, during his stay in Morocco, he often wrote down his daily experiences in ord…

 Egypt’s princes. A narrative of missionary labor in the valley of the Nile

(1,028 words)

Author(s): Shelley, Michael T.
- Gulian Lansing Date: 1864 Original Language: English Description Egypt’s princes, a work of 426 pages, takes its title from Psalm 68:31, which Lansing cites from the King James Version, ‘Princes shall come out of Egypt; Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands unto God’. For Lansing, ‘princes’ refers to the many in Egypt ‘who in noble friendship and generous hospitality, and earnest adherence to truth, are indeed princes’ (1865 edition, p. 9). The book is a published account of a diary he kept during s…