Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editors: David Thomas and John Chesworth
Associate Editors: John Azumah, Clinton Bennett, Lejla Demiri, Martha Frederiks, Stanisław Grodź, Andrew Newman, Douglas Pratt

Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general history of relations between the two faiths as this is represented in works written by Christians and Muslims about the other and against the other. It covers all parts of the world in the period 1500-1914. Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online comprises thousands of comprehensive entries on individual works and their authors, together with introductory essays to the periods and areas covered, making it the fullest available source in this field.


Jacob Cornelisz. van Neck

(693 words)

Author(s): Steenbrink, Karel
Jacob Corneliszoon van Neck Date of Birth: About 1564 Place of Birth: Amsterdam Date of Death: 15 March 1638 Place of Death: Amsterdam BiographyJacob Cornelisz. van Neck was born into a prominent family in Amsterdam. Very little is known about his youth except that his father died when he was two years old and his mother when he was about 11. He received a good general education and then special training in nautical sciences, and he became involved in various forms of trade.The oldest company for trade with Southeast Asia selected him as the admiral for its second fleet of ei…

Jacob Mantino

(543 words)

Author(s): Burnett, Charles
Jacob Mantino ben Samuel Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: 1549 Place of Death: Damascus Biography Coming from a Jewish home and remaining faithful to his Jewish faith throughout his life, Jacob Mantino worked for Christian patrons, taught in Christian institutions and translated philosophical and medical texts into Latin for the advancement of these subjects among his Christian, Latin-reading, audience. His key role was in providing clear and up-to-date translations of the works of Averr…

Jacob Spon

(590 words)

Author(s): Apostolou, Irini
Date of Birth: 1647 Place of Birth: Lyon, France Date of Death: 1685 Place of Death: Vevey, Switzerland Biography Jacob Spon was born into a Calvinist family of German origin in Lyon in 1647. His father Charles, who was a famous doctor, sent him to Strasbourg to receive a humanist education. During his time there, Spon became acquainted with numismatics thanks to the training he received from Doctor Charles Patin, who introduced him to the coin collectors’ cabinets. Under the influence of his father, he also studi…

Jacobus Simancas, Simancas

(1,188 words)

Author(s): Lynn, Kimberly
Diego de Simancas Date of Birth: January 1513 Place of Birth: Cordova, Spain Date of Death: November 1583 Place of Death: Zamora, Spain Biography  Diego de Simancas was one of the most important theorists of the Spanish Inquisition. A Castilian jurist of the 16th century, his career included appointments as university professor, judge in a royal appellate court, member of the Inquisition’s governing council, special envoy to the papal court in Rome, and bishop. Throughout, Simancas persistently compiled and revised treatises on topics fr…

Jacques Abbadie

(970 words)

Author(s): Chesworth, John
Date of Birth: Probably 1654 Place of Birth: Nay, Béarn, south-west France Date of Death: 25 September 1727 Place of Death: London BiographyJacques Abbadie was born to Pierre and Violente Abbadie, a Protestant Huguenot family. In 1673, he started at the Academy of Montauban-Puylaurens, and then went to the Academy of Saumur to study theology, receiving his doctorate in divinity from the Academy of Sedan in March 1680. He was appointed to the French Church in Berlin, at the invitation of the Elector of Brandenburg, an…

Jacques de Lavardin

(242 words)

Author(s): Do Paço, David
Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown; after 1589 Place of Death: Unknown Biography Jacques de Lavardin, sieur de Plessis Bourot, was a French humanist and a member of the royal household under King Henry III of France (r. 1574-89). He first served in the royal army, like his father, who had fought in Italy under Francis I (r. 1515-47). Lavardin’s exact dates of birth and death are unknown, but he is known to have been active after 1575. In 1576, he translated Marinus Barletius’s chronicle of Scanderbeg’s uprising, and in 1577, Fernando de Rojas’s La Celestina o…

Jacques Philippe Laugier de Tassy

(277 words)

Author(s): Thomson, Ann
Date of Birth: Late 17th century Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: 19 September 1748 Place of Death: Amsterdam BiographyDespite his relatively distinguished career, very little is recorded about the life of Laugier de Tassy, and his date and place of birth are unknown. He entered the service of the French Ministry of the Navy in 1699, and he mentions a spell as a Spanish prisoner of war in 1706 ( Histoire, p. 330). On 27 July 1717, he was appointed chancellor at the French consulate in Algiers. The sources differ as to how long he remained there; according to o…

Jacques Villotte

(839 words)

Author(s): Matthee, Rudolph
Date of Birth: 1 November 1656 Place of Birth: Bar-le-Duc, Lorraine Date of Death: 1743 Place of Death: Bar-le-Duc BiographyJacques Villotte was born on 1 November 1656 in Bar-le-Duc in Lorraine, in north-eastern France. Admitted to the Jesuit Order in 1673, he subsequently taught grammar and rhetoric in his home town. In 1688, his Order sent him east in the context of a multi-pronged effort to find an overland route to China without travelling through Russia. In the autumn of 1688, Villotte set sail from Marseill…

 Jahd al-qarīḥa fī tajrīd al-Naṣīḥa

(376 words)

Author(s): Burge, Stephen
‘The exertion of effort in unblocking the “Reminder”’ Abū l-Faḍl ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Abī Bakr ibn ʿUthmān ibn Muḥammad ibn Khiḍr ibn Ayyūb ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Humām al-Khuḍayrī al-Suyūṭī Date: 1488 Original Language: Arabic Description This work is al-Suyūṭī’s abridgement of Ibn Taymiyya’s  Naṣīḥat ahl al-īmān fī l-radd ʿalā manṭiq al-Yūnān, although it still amounts to 174 pages in translation. Al-Suyūṭī added very little material, but aimed to remove some of the repetitiveness of Ibn Taymiyya’s original (trans. Hallaq, pp. liii-lvi). The work …

Jaime Bleda

(768 words)

Author(s): Poutrin, Isabelle
Date of Birth: 14 August 1552 Place of Birth: Algemesi, Valencia Date of Death: 3 December 1622 Place of Death: Valencia Biography Jaime Bleda was undoubtedly the most virulent advocate of the expulsion of the Moriscos from Spain. He devoted more than 20 years of his life to this cause, and his violent diatribes against the Moriscos, his militant stance and his strong tendency to justify himself, make him one of the most hated characters in Morisco historiography. Born in the Ribera Baja, south of Valencia, into a family of wealthy peasants, Bleda could pride himself on b…

Jakab Harsányi Nagy

(405 words)

Author(s): Kármán, Gábor
Jacobus Nagy de Harsány Date of Birth: 1615 Place of Birth: Körösnagyharsány, Hungary Date of Death: Between 1679 and 1684 Place of Death: Unknown; probably Friedrichswerder (today Berlin) Biography Jakab Harsányi Nagy was born in Körösnagyharsány in 1615, into a family that most probably belonged to the so-called hajdús, a group of peasant soldiers who enjoyed special privileges usually reserved for the nobility in return for their military service. He most probably attended the Calvinist College at Nagyvárad before his university studies. After completing his studies at var…

Jaketa Palmotić Dionorić

(348 words)

Author(s): Stojan, Slavica
Jakov Palmotić Dionorić Date of Birth: Around 1616 Place of Birth: Dubrovnik Date of Death: 20 February 1680 Place of Death: Dubrovnik Biography Jaketa Palmotić Dionorić was the only child of the nobleman and poet Ivan Gozze. He was admitted to the Major Council of the Dubrovnik Republic in 1643, and held various administrative offices. In 1665, he was appointed by the Ragusan authorities as ‘ambassador of the tribute’ and went to Istanbul where, due to the international political circumstances and an illness, he rema…

Jakub Římař

(915 words)

Author(s): Dospěl, Marek
Jacobus Ržimarž a Cremsirio; Giacomo da Cremsirio Date of Birth: 1682 Place of Birth: Kroměříž, Margraviate of Moravia (Czech Republic) Date of Death: 5 June 1755 Place of Death: Brno, Margraviate of Moravia BiographyJakub Římař’s life before 1701, when he joined the Franciscan Order, remains largely unknown. From later ecclesiastical records, we learn that he was born in Kroměříž (German: Kremsier) in 1682, into a mixed Moravian Czech and German family. His parents, Jakub (Jacobus) Braxatoris and Anna, gave him the baptismal n…

Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūṭī

(919 words)

Author(s): Burge, Stephen
Abū l-Faḍl ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Abī Bakr ibn ʿUthmān ibn Muḥammad ibn Khiḍr ibn Ayyūb ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Humām al-Khuḍayrī al-Suyūṭī Date of Birth: 3 October 1445 Place of Birth: Cairo Date of Death: 18 October 1505 Place of Death: Cairo Biography Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūṭī was born on 3 October 1445, the son of the lawyer and judge ( qāḍī), Kamāl al-Dīn Abū Bakr al-Suyūṭī. His  nisba derives from the town of Asyūṭ in Upper Egypt. His father moved from there to Cairo to pursue what became a successful legal career (Sartain,  Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūṭī, pp. 21-2) and al-Suyūṭī never left Cairo, e…


(1,081 words)

Author(s): Bournoutian, George
Chambr‘Archival chamber’ Simeon Erevantsi Catholicos Date: 1765-76 Original Language: Armenian DescriptionSimeon gathered all the documents and manuscripts that had been left rotting in the various dusty corners of the Holy See and, after examining them, wrote  Jambṛ. The title comes from the French  chambre, because Simeon saw it as an archival chamber or repository. The original text is found in a manuscript (MS 978) consisting of 598 two-sided folios, with several blank folios, and there is also what seems to be a rough draught (MS 45…

James Bruce

(1,067 words)

Author(s): Reeve, Jane Aptekar
Date of Birth: 14 December 1730 Place of Birth: Kinnaird, Scotland Date of Death: 26 April 1794 Place of Death: Kinnaird BiographyJames Bruce was born in Kinnaird, near Perth, in 1730. When his mother died and his father married again in 1738, he was sent to an uncle in London for his schooling. This uncle, William Hamilton, was a high-ranking lawyer with friends in the government. Bruce married the daughter of a London wine-merchant and, when Bruce visited Europe on wine business, he also did undercover work for the government. In 1762, the group in government to whom Bruce had been…

James I

(2,032 words)

Author(s): Bennett, Clinton
Biography James Stuart became the first ‘King of Great Britain’, as he styled himself, when he succeeded his cousin, Elizabeth I, as king of England in 1603, having succeeded his mother, Mary, as King James VI of Scotland in 1567. He ruled England as James I and was the first monarch of the Stuart dynasty. He was descended from Margaret Tudor, King Henry VII’s daughter, through his father, Lord Darnley and also through his mother. Raised by foster parents, the Earl and Countess of Marom in Stirli…

James Leander Cathcart

(876 words)

Author(s): Larson, Ian
Giacomo Leandro Cathcart Date of Birth: 1 June 1767 Place of Birth: Mount Murragh, Westmeath, Ireland Date of Death: 6 October 1843 Place of Death: Washington DC BiographyBorn to a Scots family in Ireland, James Leander Cathcart emigrated to colonial Philadelphia under the care of an uncle. When he was 12 years old, Cathcart joined the American revolt against the British as a midshipman aboard the frigate  Confederacy, which led to his capture by the British and his detention on the prison hulks at New York. Cathcart escaped in 1782 and returned to sea. Three y…

James Lyman Merrick

(753 words)

Author(s): Grafton, David D.
Date of Birth: 11 December 1803 Place of Birth: Monson, Massachusetts Date of Death: 18 June 1866 Place of Death: Amherst, Massachusetts BiographyBorn in Monson, Massachusetts, in 1803, James Merrick attended Amherst College, Princeton University, and Union Theological Seminary in Columbia, South Carolina. He wrote in his diary that from his early teens he had felt a desire to become a missionary, specifically to Persia. This dream came true when he applied to the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions …

James Porter

(731 words)

Author(s): van den Boogert, Maurits
Date of Birth: 1710 Place of Birth: Dublin Date of Death: 1766 Place of Death: London BiographyJames Porter was a self-made man. His father, whose original name was La Roche, was a captain of horse under King James II (r. 1685-8), whom he had followed to Ireland. After James II’s failed campaign, La Roche changed his name to Porter, though he did call his son James when he was born in Dublin ‘about the year 1710’ (Larpent, ‘Memoir’, p. 2). Porter had only a minimal formal education, but he reportedly had a talent for public speaking. At an early age, he was sent to the City…
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