Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editors: David Thomas and John Chesworth
Associate Editors: John Azumah, Clinton Bennett, Lejla Demiri, Martha Frederiks, Stanisław Grodź, Andrew Newman, Douglas Pratt

Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general history of relations between the two faiths as this is represented in works written by Christians and Muslims about the other and against the other. It covers all parts of the world in the period 1500-1914. Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online comprises thousands of comprehensive entries on individual works and their authors, together with introductory essays to the periods and areas covered, making it the fullest available source in this field.

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 Eigentliche beschreibung der hin vnnd wider farth zu dem Heyligen Landt gen Jerusalem vnd furter durch die grosse Wüsteney zu dem Heiligen Berg Horeb

(1,049 words)

Author(s): Schröder, Stefan
Eigentliche beschreibung der hin vnnd wider farth zu dem Heyligen Landt‘Reliable description of the outward and return journey to the Holy Land and Jerusalem and further through the great desert to the holy Mount Horeb’ Felix Fabri Date: Between about 1484 and 1488 Original Language: German Description Fabri composed the Eigentliche beschreibung for a lay audience. According to his preface, the noblemen in his party asked him to write about the events in memory of their pilgrimage, and how they gained knighthood in the Church of the Holy Sepulch…

Eighteenth-century Greek Orthodox contacts with Russia

(35 words)

Author(s): Makrides, Vasilios N.
Date of Birth: Place of Birth: Date of Death: Place of Death: Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim RelationsEighteenth-century Greek Orthodox contacts with RussiaVasilios N. Makrides

 Eighteenth-century Greek Orthodox contacts with Russia

(11,741 words)

Author(s): Makrides, Vasilios N.
- Eighteenth-century Greek Orthodox contacts with Russia Date: 18th century Original Language: Greek DescriptionAfter the fall of Constantinople and the Byzantine Empire to the Ottoman Turks in 1453, a new era began for the Eastern Orthodox world, in which Russia – as a budding new Orthodox centre of power and influence – gradually acquired a multiple role and to a large extent filled the vacuum left by the demise of Byzantium. It became not only the most important Orthodox Christian power, claiming continui…

 Eighteenth-century Greek prophetic literature

(7,523 words)

Author(s): Hatzopoulos, Marios
- Eighteenth-century Greek prophetic literature Date: 18th century Original Language: Greek DescriptionMedieval and early modern Greek prophetic literature was literature with a purpose. It aimed at restoring hope and dignity to the community of Orthodox Christians during times of threat, anxiety and change by offering divine assurances that the present, sad state of affairs tormenting the community of the faithful would not last. The long period of Byzantine decline, from the 13th to the 15th century, had refined the meaning of two ideas that played a critical role f…

Eighteenth-century Greek prophetic literature

(30 words)

Author(s): Hatzopoulos, Marios
Date of Birth: Place of Birth: Date of Death: Place of Death: Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim RelationsEighteenth-century Greek prophetic literatureMarios Hatzopoulos

 Ein Disputation oder Gesprech zwayer Stalbuben

(852 words)

Author(s): Küçükhüseyin, Sevket
Disputation‘A disputation or discussion between two stable lads’ Benedikt Curipešič, Kuripešič, Kuripečič, Kuripešić Date: 1531 Original Language: German Description Curipeschitz wrote the  Disputation (in full,  Ein Disputation oder Gesprech zwayer Stalbuben so mit künigklicher Maye. Botschafft bey dem türckischen Keyser zu Constantinopel gewesen, 'A disputation or discussion between two stable lads with his royal majesty’s embassy to Constantinople to the Turkish emperor') on his return from Constantinople, and published it in Augsbu…

 Eine Heerpredigt wider den Türcken

(484 words)

Author(s): Francisco, Adam S.
Eine Heerpredigt wider den Türcken‘Muster-sermon against the Turks’ Martin Luther Date: 1529 Original Language: German Description This muster-sermon was written in the aftermath of the siege of Vienna in 1529. Its 37 pages (in the modern critical edition) are divided into two distinct parts. The first half presents an apocalyptic interpretation of the rise and expansion of the Ottoman Empire based on Luther’s exegesis of Daniel 7, where he interprets the Ottoman Empire as the historical manifestation of the li…

 Ein newe Reyßbeschreibung auß Teutschland Nach Constantinopel vnd Jerusalem

(2,160 words)

Author(s): Schreiner, Stefan
‘A new description of a journey from Germany to Constantinople and Jerusalem’ Salomon Schweiger, Schweicker, Schweigker, Schweikard, Schweucker, Schweyger, Schweygger, Sweicker, Swigger, Salomo Schweigker, Solomo Schweicker, Solomon Schweigkerus Sultzensis, Salomon Sveigger Allamagno Date: 1608 Original Language: German Description Based on the notes that he brought home from his sojourn in Istanbul, Schweigger completed his 340-page travelogue more than 25 years after his return. Consequently, the book is not merely an itinerary or…

 Ekklēsiastikē historia Meletiou mētropolitou Athēnōn

(3,340 words)

Author(s): Sarris, Kostas
‘Ecclesiastical history by Meletios Metropolitan of Athens’ Michaēl Mētros the Priest Date: Between 1707 and 1713 Original Language: Greek (vernacular) DescriptionThe  Ekklēsiastikē historia is a monumental book. It was composed in two distinct phases during Meletios’s period as bishop of Athens. Composition of the first and shorter version, recounting the period 1580-1700, began sometime after 1707 and appears to have been at an advanced stage by late 1710. It is highly likely that Meletios then modified his plans a…

El Abencerraje

(231 words)

Author(s): Childers, William
El Abencerraje y la hermosa Jarifa Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Unknown Date of Death: Unknown Place of Death: Unknown Biography Nothing is known about the author of this novella. The tale may have originated in a medieval chronicle that has since been lost. There are four extant versions, all of uncertain authorship. The second version, published in 1561, contains a dedication to Jerónimo Jiménez de Embún, Baron of Bárboles. The fourth version is incorporated at the end of Book 4 of the second edition of Jorge de Montemayor’s pastoral romance La Diana, published posthumously i…

 El Abencerraje y la hermosa Jarifa

(5,240 words)

Author(s): Childers, William
El Abencerraje y la hermosa Jarifa'The Abencerraje and the beautiful Jarifa' El Abencerraje y la hermosa Jarifa Date: Between 1561 and 1565 Original Language: Spanish Description El Abencerraje y la hermosa Jarifa, usually shortened to El Abencerraje (‘The Abencerraje and the beautiful Jarifa’ or just ‘The Abencerraje’) is an anonymous Spanish novella of the mid-16th century, extant in four versions, the longest of which is a mere 7,700 words. Brief as it is, it is considered the first Moorish novel, and thus the originator of the ‘Maurophile’ craze in late-16th-century Spain. Th…

 El amante liberal

(3,181 words)

Author(s): Childers, William P.
‘The generous lover’ Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra Date: 1613 Original Language: Spanish Description This is the second of Cervantes’s Novelas ejemplares (‘Exemplary tales’), a collection of a dozen novellas first published in 1613. This Mediterranean story, which covers fols 38r-65v in the 1613 edition, includes semi-autobiographical elements, as the general milieu and some of the specific characters are based on the author’s experiences as a captive in Algiers. Before the tale begins, its Sicilian protagonist, Ric…

 El coloquio de los perros

(4,207 words)

Author(s): Childers, William P.
Coloquio de Cipión y Berganza ‘The dialogue of the dogs’‘The colloquy of Scipio and Berganza’ Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra Date: 1613 Original Language: Spanish Description This is the last of Cervantes’s 12 Novelas ejemplares (‘Exemplary tales’), and covers fols 240v-274r of the Madrid first edition, 1613. Its full title is  El coloquio que pasó entre Cipión y Berganza, perros del Hospital de la Resurrección, que está en la ciudad de Valladolid, fuera de la Puerta del Campo, a quien comúnmente llaman los perros de Mahudes.  One night, Cipión and Berganza, the watchdogs at the H…

'El Divino'

(345 words)

Author(s): Ángel de Bunes, Miguel
Fernando de Herrera Date of Birth: 1534 Place of Birth: Seville Date of Death: 1597 Place of Death: Seville Biography Fernando de Herrera was a poet, historian and literary critic, though hardly anything is known about him. He never left the city of Seville where he was born and where he must have studied at the school that Master Rodrigo de Santaella had set up at the University of Seville. As no title such as Master is associated with his name, he most probably did not finish his studies. He was admitted to Minor…

 Elegia de Sibenicensis agri vastatione

(954 words)

Author(s): Jovanović, Neven
Elegia de Sibenicensis agri vastationeElegija o pustošenju šibenskog polja‘Elegy on the devastation of the district of Šibenik’ Juraj Šižgorić Šibenčanin; Georgius Sisgoreus (Sisgorich, Sisgoritus) Sibenicensis Dalmata; Giorgio Sisgoreo Date: 1477 Original Language: Latin Description This Latin poem of 98 verses in elegiac couplets was published in Šižgorić’s Carmina (Venice, 1477, Book 2, poem 29). It is a poetic reaction to an early summer incursion of the Ottoman akıncı into the area around Šibenik, probably the 1470 expedition. The poem is clearly structure…

Elias Habesci

(400 words)

Author(s): Mörike, Tobias
Date of Birth: Unknown Place of Birth: Uncertain Date of Death: Unknown; after about 1793 Place of Death: Unknown BiographyElias Habesci, probably a native of Romania, was the author of a number of works including The present state of Turkey (1784), The partition of the dominions of the Pope (1790), and Objects interesting to the English nation (1793). He was also known as Count Alexander Gika, and claimed to be a Greek nobleman who spent time in Turkey working for the sultan, and after about 1790 worked for an Indian prince and later for the East In…

‘Elias Wilson’

(438 words)

Author(s): Meggitt, Justin
Biography ‘Elias Wilson’ is the name used by the author of the anti-Quaker and anti-Ottoman tract entitled  Strange and wonderful news from Italy or  A true and impartial relation of the travels, adventures, and martyrdome of four eminent Quakers of York-shire, published in 1673. The tract claims to be the work of someone who had received information about the eventful travels of four English Quakers in France and Italy from the Quaker prophets themselves, and who obtained details about the subsequent gruesome torture and execution of…

Eli Smith

(1,311 words)

Author(s): Grafton, David D.
Date of Birth: 13 September 1801 Place of Birth: Northford, Connecticut Date of Death: 11 January 1857 Place of Death: Beirut, Lebanon BiographyEli Smith was born into a simple farming family in western Connecticut in 1801, and brought up in a traditional pious New England Congregationalist community. His parents recognised his academic promise and sent him to study at Yale College. After graduating in 1821, he attended Andover Theological Seminary. It was here that he met the young biblical scholar, Edward Robinson,…

Elizabeth I

(892 words)

Author(s): Bennett, Clinton
Biography Elizabeth was born on 7 September 1533, the daughter of King Henry VIII and his second wife Anne Boleyn. Unlike her elder half-sister Mary, she was raised as a Protestant. She succeeded Mary in 1558. In the next 45 years, she presided over the expansion of England’s overseas trade, voyages of discovery and a literary Renaissance. On the one hand she downplayed her gender, believing that her role as sovereign transcended this, while on the other she did nothing to discourage what amounte…

 El profeta falso Mahoma

(1,788 words)

Author(s): Ángel Auladell, Miguel
‘The false prophet Muḥammad’ Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla Date: 1640 Original Language: Spanish Description El profeta falso Mahoma consists of over 3,000 verses and was first performed in 1635. Another work with a similar title,  Vida y muerte del falso profeta Mahoma (‘Life and death of the false prophet Muḥammad’), was attributed to Rojas when it was first printed, though the most recent research attributes it to either the Granada-born Antonio Mira de Amescua (1577-1636) or an unknown Morisco author. Literary and theatrical criticism has been very negative about El profeta falso…
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