Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editors: David Thomas and John Chesworth
Associate Editors: John Azumah, Clinton Bennett, Lejla Demiri, Martha Frederiks, Stanisław Grodź, Andrew Newman, Douglas Pratt

Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general history of relations between the two faiths as this is represented in works written by Christians and Muslims about the other and against the other. It covers all parts of the world in the period 1500-1914. Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online comprises thousands of comprehensive entries on individual works and their authors, together with introductory essays to the periods and areas covered, making it the fullest available source in this field.


 Evagatorium in Terrae Sanctae, Arabiae et Egypti peregrinationem

(1,253 words)

Author(s): Schröder, Stefan
Evagatorium in Terrae Sanctae,‘Wanderings on the pilgrimage to the Holy Land, Arabia and Egypt’ Felix Fabri Date: Between about 1484 and 1495 Original Language: Latin Description The Evagatorium was written in order to give Fabri’s Dominican brothers a detailed account of his journey and the situation in the Holy Land and so that, through reading his descriptions of the holy sites, they would be able to gain a deeper understanding of scripture. According to Fabri, the numerous humorous anecdotes in the work, which is almo…


(1,195 words)

Author(s): Posset (with the assistance of Branko Jozić and Bratislav Lučin), Franz
Evangelistarium- Marko Marulić, Marko Pecinić Date: Approximately 1515 Original Language: Latin Description The  Evangelistarium is about 700 pages long, filling two volumes (4 and 5) of  Opera omnia. It is the first major result of Marulus’s scriptural studies, and he published his first version in ‘seven books’, probably based on his study of the  Biblia Latina cum comento, which he had purchased after 1489. The  Evangelistarium is an impressive treatise on practical Christian morality based upon the three theological virtues of faith, hope and love. Ho…

Evgenii Bulgari

(896 words)

Author(s): Scarborough, Daniel
Eugenios Voulgaris Date of Birth: 1716 Place of Birth: Corfu Date of Death: 1806 Place of Death: Alexander Nevsky Monastery, St Petersburg Biography Eugenios Voulgaris (Evgenii Bulgari) was an Orthodox prelate and polymath. He was born in 1716 on the island of Corfu, then part of the Republic of Venice, into a Greek-speaking family. In addition to being a prominent church leader and theologian, Voulgaris is known for his role in the introduction of Enlightenment ideas into Greek and Orthodox Christian thought. Voulgaris took monastic vows around the age of 20 before entering…

 Evidences of the truth and divine origin of the Christian revelation

(330 words)

Author(s): Bowen, Patrick
- Albert Leighton Rawson Date: 1847 Original Language: English Description Evidences of the truth and divine origin of the Christian revelation purports to make accessible for young Christians proofs of the authenticity and superiority of Christianity that have been provided by previous scholars. The book contains 95 pages, 11 of which deal with Christian-Muslim relations. In these 11 pages, Rawson, who cites Sale’s translation of the Qur’an, presents several well-known arguments as to why Christianity is superior …

Evliya Çelebi

(972 words)

Author(s): Finkel, Caroline
Date of Birth: 1611 Place of Birth: Istanbul Date of Death: After 1687 Place of Death: Possibly Cairo Biography Apart from a few chance pieces of evidence, our only source on Evliya Çelebi’s life is his autobiographical  Seyahatnâme (‘Book of travels’). He tells us there that he was born in Istanbul in 1611, and that his father was the imperial goldsmith. His father’s family came from Kütahya in central Anatolia, and had long-standing ties to the court. Despite the seeming obscurity of his mother, who was probably brought to Istanb…

 Exhortatio contra Turcas. Ad illustrissimum principem Maximilianum archiducem Austriae

(224 words)

Author(s): Höfert, Almut
Exhortatio contra Turcas‘Exhortation against the Turks. To the most illustrious Prince Maximilian, Archduke of Austria’ Bartol Đurđević, Bartolomej Đurđević, Bartholomaeus Gjorgevic, Bartol Jurjević, Bartolomeo Georgijević, Bartholomaeo Georgievitz, Bartholomaeo Gyurgievits, Bartłomiej Georgiewicz Date: 1545 Original Language: Latin Description In the 15-page  Exhortatio contra Turcas, Georgius combines typical elements of exhortatory writing and calls for war against the Turks (see the entry on  Türkenbüchlein). He contrasts the virtues of the Christian …

 Exhortatory poems against the Turks in the Latin poetry of Czech Lands

(4,300 words)

Author(s): Vaculínová, Marta
- Exhortatory poems against the Turks in the Latin poetry of the Czech Lands Date: 16th and 17th centuries Original Language: Latin Description Various genres were developed in the Latin literature of the early modern period that reflected the threat of Turkish expansion into Europe. These were often  orationes exhortatoriae in prose – a term that could denote both political speeches and religious sermons. Similarly, poetry saw the rise of the carmina exhortatoria (‘Songs of exhortation’) in dactylic hexameter, and elegiac poems of various titles ( exhortatioadhortatioclass…

Exhortatory poems against the Turks in the Latin poetry of the Czech Lands

(53 words)

Author(s): Vaculínová, Marta
Date of Birth: Place of Birth: Date of Death: Place of Death: Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Exhortatory poems against the Turks in the Latin poetry of Czech Lands Marta Vaculínová

 Expeditio Aethiopica, and letters

(1,163 words)

Author(s): Cohen, Leonardo
‘Ethiopian expedition’, and letters Afonso Mendes Date: 1622-55 Original Language: Latin DescriptionAfonso Mendes’ Expeditio Aethiopica, written in Latin, is primarily concerned with ecclesiastical matters, but includes a description of his journey through the Danakil dessert, which is especially relevant to the question of Muslim-Christian relations. It seems that Mendes worked on this book until 1654. In one of his last letters, which Mendes sent to Pedro de Valadares in that same year, Mendes explains that…

 Expulsión de los moros de España por la S.C.R. Magestad del rey Don Phelipe Tercero nuestro señor

(808 words)

Author(s): Lomas, Manuel
‘The expulsion of the Moriscos from Spain by his majesty King Don Philip III, our lord’ Gaspar de Aguilar Date: 1610 Original Language: Spanish Description La expulsión de los moros de España por la S.C.R. Magestad del Rey Don Phelipe Tercero nuestro señor (‘The expulsion of the Moriscos from Spain by his majesty King Don Philip III, our lord’) is the longest of Gaspar Aguilar’s three epic poems. Published in Valencia by Pedro Patricio Mey in 1610, it covers 232 pages and is divided into eight cantos and 567 octaves. It tells of the expulsion of the Moriscos from the Kingdom of Valencia in 1609. Th…

 Extracts from a journal of travels in North America

(805 words)

Author(s): Larson, Ian
- Ali Bey ibn Othman Bey el Abassi Date: 1818 Original Language: English Description Extracts from a journal of travels in North America, consisting of an account of Boston and its vicinity purports to give an ‘impartial’ view of the United States as related in the journal of the undercover Ottoman agent Ali Bey. At 124 pages, the ‘great project’ consists of chronologically arranged chapters containing observations of the Boston area made by the author as he travelled in the guise of a Frenchman. It provides a wealth of comme…