Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editors: David Thomas and John Chesworth
Associate Editors: John Azumah, Clinton Bennett, Lejla Demiri, Martha Frederiks, Stanisław Grodź, Andrew Newman, Douglas Pratt

Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general history of relations between the two faiths as this is represented in works written by Christians and Muslims about the other and against the other. It covers all parts of the world in the period 1500-1914. Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online comprises thousands of comprehensive entries on individual works and their authors, together with introductory essays to the periods and areas covered, making it the fullest available source in this field.


 Wholsome advice

(1,104 words)

Author(s): Meggitt, Justin
- Stephen Smith Date: 1676 Original Language: English Description The first edition of  Wholsome advice was written and published in 1676 (pp. 1, 15), although a typographical error in the version included in Smith’s collected works,  The true light discovered (1679), mistakenly implies that it was issued two years earlier (p. 180). Its full title is  Wholsome Advice ... Some Brief Instances Are Inserted Concerning the Turks Behaviours unto the Christians and Jews That Live among Them, and One unto Another, and the Fear & Awe of God That Is upon Ma…

 Wiadomosci o Panstwie Tureckim

(1,974 words)

Author(s): Maśko, Adrianna
‘News of the Turkish state‘ Kajetan Chrzanowski Date: 1786 Original Language: Polish DescriptionThe first edition of the work (its title in full is  Wiadomosci o Panstwie Tureckim: przez iednego Polaka, w listach do Przyiaciela pisanych, przesłane. To iest: podroż przez Prowincye Tureckie: Opisanie Sztambułu, Seraiu, Rząd, Stan Porty, Religia, Obyczaie, Charakter Turków, etc., ‘News of the Turkish state: written in letters by a Pole to a friend. It is a journey through the Turkish provinces: a description of Istanbul, the saraglio, the government, the state of the Porte, re…

William Ambrose Shedd

(1,039 words)

Author(s): Grafton, David D.
Date of Birth: 24 January 1865 Place of Birth: Urumia, Persia Date of Death: August 1918 Place of Death: Persia (specific location unknown) BiographyWilliam Ambrose Shedd was born in Urumia, Persia, to John Haskell Shedd and Sarah Jane Dawes, who were American Presbyterian missionaries of the Nestorian Mission of the American Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions, later taken over by the American Presbyterians. He attended Marietta College, Ohio, though his studies were interrupted when he went back to Persia to …

William Bedwell

(1,404 words)

Author(s): Hamilton, Alastair
Biography William Bedwell was born in Great Hallingbury in Essex in 1563. In 1578 he matriculated at Trinity College, Cambridge, became a scholar in 1584, and received his MA ten years later. At Cambridge, he developed what were to remain his principal fields of interest. On the one hand, he was always fascinated by geometry and mensuration. His concern with the practical application of mathematics, which was attended by a devotion to Ramism, the fashionable new method of simplifying learning par…

William Jones

(794 words)

Author(s): Baghaei-Abchooyeh, Hadi
Date of Birth: 28 September 1746 Place of Birth: London Date of Death: 27 April 1794 Place of Death: Calcutta BiographyWilliam Jones was born on 28 September 1746 in London, the son of William Jones (1675-1749), a Welsh mathematician. He entered Harrow School in September 1753 and graduated from University College, Oxford, in 1768. Over the following six years, Jones tutored the seven-year-old Lord Althorp, son of Earl Spencer, while also translating into French a Persian biography of Nādir Shah (d. 1747), entitled  Histoire de Nader Chah (1770). On 19 September 1770, he entered …

William Lithgow

(1,018 words)

Author(s): Holmberg, Eva Johanna
Biography The Scottish world traveller and author William Lithgow was born in 1582 in the small town of Lanark in Scotland. He was the eldest of the three children of the burgess James Lithgow and his wife Alison Graham. Lithgow received a grammar school education in Lanark, but his preferred method of education would seem to have been through acquainting himself with the ‘great book of the world’, acquiring knowledge through extensive travel and the experience it brought. Lithgow’s known travels…

William Okeley

(417 words)

Author(s): Moberly, David C.
Biography The only known source of biographical information about William Okeley is his sole published work  Eben-ezer; or, A small monument of great mercy, printed in London in 1675. The narrative describes Okeley’s capture at the hands of Turkish corsairs in the summer of 1639, his enslavement in Algiers, and his escape by boat to Majorca in 1644. Although he does not mention his age, details of his narrative suggest that he was an adult at the time of his capture, placing his likely birthdate before 1620, probably …

William Painter

(576 words)

Author(s): Bennett, Clinton
Biography William Painter (also spelt Payntor) is said to have belonged to a Kentish family, although his background is obscure. He has been confused with another William Painter, who attended Cambridge University and later became Master of Sevenoaks School and an ordained deacon (he probably died in 1597). In his 1890 edition of Painter’s most important work, The palace of pleasure, Jacobs reprints Haslewood’s 1813 biographical sketch. This refers to Painter’s appointment as grammar-master at Sevenoaks, which induced Haslewood to assume that ‘he must h…

William Q. Judge

(703 words)

Author(s): Rudbøg, Tim
Date of Birth: 13 April 1851 Place of Birth: Dublin Date of Death: 21 March 1896 Place of Death: New York BiographyWilliam Quan Judge, the son of Frederick H. Judge and Alice Mary Quan, moved from Dublin to Brooklyn, New York, with his family at the age of 13. At the age of seven, he had become severely ill and was mistakenly declared dead by his physician, but to the surprise of his family he recovered from the illness. This experience seemingly changed his character. He became interested in Mesmerism, the Rosicruc…

William Rainolds

(895 words)

Author(s): Bennett, Clinton
Biography William Rainolds (also Reynolds) was born around about 1544 in Pinhoe, near Exeter. He was the second of Richard Rainolds’s five sons. An uncle, Thomas, was later warden of Merton College, Oxford, and dean of Exeter. William attended Winchester School, and then New College, Oxford. He became a probationary Fellow in 1560 and a permanent fellow in 1562. In 1563, he graduated with a BA, and took his MA in 1567. At Oxford, he gained a reputation for his debating abilities and for his ‘sincere love to the Protestant cause’ (Wood, Bliss and University of Oxford, Athenae Oxonienses, p. 6…

William Shakespeare

(1,119 words)

Author(s): Shah, Nabila
Biography The time-span between William Shakespeare’s entrance onto and exit from the world’s stage was 52 years, yet the events, significance and consequences of these five or so decades have been discussed for centuries since. Much has been claimed for the man from Stratford, the actor, the poet, the Bard; the genius. The debate begins over Shakespeare’s exact date of birth. William Oldys’ assertion in the 18th century that Shakespeare was born on 23 April provides a neat mirroring with the date of his death, as well as forcing a connection with the official…