Christian-Muslim Relations 1500 - 1900

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
General Editors: David Thomas and John Chesworth
Associate Editors: John Azumah, Clinton Bennett, Lejla Demiri, Martha Frederiks, Stanisław Grodź, Andrew Newman, Douglas Pratt

Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online is a general history of relations between the two faiths as this is represented in works written by Christians and Muslims about the other and against the other. It covers all parts of the world in the period 1500-1914. Christian-Muslim Relations, a Bibliographical History Online comprises thousands of comprehensive entries on individual works and their authors, together with introductory essays to the periods and areas covered, making it the fullest available source in this field.


Zä Dəngəl, Emperor of Ethiopia

(769 words)

Author(s): Cohen, Leonardo
BiographyZä Dəngəl reigned for one year as Emperor of Ethiopia (1603-4) under the throne name Asnaf Sägəd II. He was the nephew of Emperor Śärìä Dəngəl, and ruled during a turbulent period when the Ethiopian monarchy was weak and constantly challenged. Dynastic struggles erupted after the demise of Śärìä Dəngəl, who initially promised the crown to Zä Dəngəl. However, in 1596, the empress and her power-hungry sons-in-law,  ras Atnatewos, the governor of the province of Goǧǧam, and Kəfəlä waḥəd, governor of Təgray, persuaded the dying sovereign to bequeath the th…

 Zakareay Sarkawagi Patmagrut‘iwn

(1,026 words)

Author(s): Bournoutian, George
‘The chronicle of Deacon Zak‘aria of K‘anak‘eṛ’ Zak‘aria of K‘anak‘eṛ Date: 1699 Original Language: Armenian Description Patmagrut iwn is composed in the spoken dialect of the Yerevan region mixed with the late classical and vernacular language and abounds in Persian and Turkish words. The earliest copy, preserved in the Matenadaran Archives (MS 1662) is dated 1699 and consists of 323 double-sided folios. It was first published in 1870 in Vagharshapat (at that time part of Russian Armenia) as  Zak areay Sarkawagi Patmagrut iwn, but this edition contained numerous errors.…

Zak‘aria K‘anak‘eṛc‘i

(215 words)

Author(s): Bournoutian, George
Zak‘aria of K‘anak‘eṛ Date of Birth: 1627 Place of Birth: K‘anak‘eṛ Date of Death: 1699 Place of Death: K‘anak‘eṛ Biography Zak‘aria was born in 1627 in the village of K‘anak‘eṛ, now a northern suburb of Yerevan. His father Mkrtich‘ was the scribe for the  tanutēr (land baron) of the district of Kotayk‘. At the age of 13, Zak‘aria entered as a novice the monastery of Hovhannavank‘, where he would remain for the rest of his life. According to his own account, his physical disability – lameness – prevented him from becoming a  vardapet (ordained priest), and he only rose to the rank of deacon ( sar…

 Žamanakagrut‘iwn Grigor vardapeti Kamaḥec`woy kam Daranałc‘woy

(654 words)

Author(s): Bardakjian, Kevork B.
Žamanakagrut‘iwn‘Chronology of Grigor Daranałc‘i’, ‘Chronology’ Grigor Kamaxec‘i Date: 1634-40 Original Language: Armenian Description Grigor Daranałc‘i’s  Žamanakagrut‘iwn (‘Chronology’), which essentially covers the years 1595-1634, was completed in Rodosto between 1634 and 1640. The only known manuscript copy is preserved in the collection of the St James Armenian Monastery in Jerusalem, J1069. It is written in a difficult mixture of late-middle and early-modern Armenian, with many Persian, Arabic and Turki…

 Za Mogiloiu Riaboiu

(870 words)

Author(s): Grishin, Evgeny
‘Near the [place called] Riabaia Mogila’ Feofan, Theophan, Eleazar Prokopovich, Prokopovych, Prokopowicz Date: 1711 Original Language: Old Russian DescriptionIn the summer of 1711, during the so-called Pruth Campaign, Russian forces led by Tsar Peter I marched into the territory of Moldavia, a dominion of the Ottoman Empire. In July of the same year, a decisive battle between the Russian and Turkish armies took place on the River Pruth, lasting several days and resulting in thousands of casualties on both sides. …


(1,498 words)

Author(s): Johnson, Eric
Notes Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Prozorovskii Date: Approximately 1780 Original Language: Russian Description The  Zapiski general-fel’dmarshala kniazia Aleksandra Aleksandrovicha Prozorovskogo, 1756-1776 (‘Notes of Field Marshal General Duke Alexander Alexandrovich Prozorovskii’) were first published in 2004, relying on materials from the Collection of Written Sources at the Russian National Historical Museum. The 2004 edition (784 pages) was prepared and edited by A.K. Afanas’ev, who also contributed commentary, …

 Zapiski L’va Nikolaevicha Engel’gardta

(1,535 words)

Author(s): Johnson, Eric
‘Notes of Lev Nikolaevich Engel’gardt’ Lev Nikolaievich Engel’gardt Date: 1835 Original Language: Russian Description Engel’gardt conceived of his  Zapiski as a memoir of his life and times. He recorded them in a series of notebooks between 1826 and 1835, frequently reading passages aloud for family and close friends. The notebooks were misplaced after his death, and only recovered by his son-in-law, Nikolai Putiata, in 1858. In addition to various published excerpts, the complete memoir has been issued repeatedly, with three significant variations: an 1859 e…

Zdanie sprawy o Tatarach litewskich

(34 words)

Author(s): Konopacki, Artur
Biography Primary Sources of Information Secondary Sources of Information Works on Christian-Muslim Relations Zdanie sprawy o Tatarach litewskich przez jednego z tych Tatarów złożone sułtanowi Sulejmanowi Artur Konopacki

 Zdanie sprawy o Tatarach litewskich przez jednego z tych Tatarów złożone sułtanowi Sulejmanowi

(827 words)

Author(s): Konopacki, Artur
Risalei Tatari Leh'Report on the Lithuanian Tatars submitted to Sultan Süleyman by a Tatar' Zdanie sprawy o Tatarach litewskich Date: 1558 Original Language: Polish Description This short text of 22 pages gives an abundance of information about Muslims living in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the mid-16th century. It was written in 1558 by an anonymous Tatar from the Grand Duchy, or someone who knew the circumstances of the Tatars so well that he was able to describe the Tatar settlements, and specifically to name villages and hamlets. It w…

Zemskii sobor of 1648-9

(520 words)

Author(s): Perrie, Maureen
Biography The term Zemskii sobor (Assembly of the land) has been applied retrospectively by historians to a series of consultative bodies that were convened in the Muscovite state between the middle of the 16th century and the end of the 17th. Although some scholars have depicted these bodies as proto-parliamentary institutions, they were in fact more informal and irregular than most similar institutions elsewhere in Europe. Their membership usually comprised the tsar’s aristocratic counsellors (the boyar duma), the leaders of the Orthodox Church ( osviashchennyi sobor) and repr…