Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism

Get access Subject: Religious Studies
Edited by: Wouter J. Hanegraaff, in collaboration with Antoine Faivre, Roelof van den Broek and Jean-Pierre Brach

Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism Online is the comprehensive reference work to cover the entire domain of “Gnosis and Western Esotericism” from the period of Late Antiquity to the present. Containing around 400 articles by over 180 international specialists, Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism Online provides critical overviews discussing the nature and historical development of all its important currents and manifestations, from Gnosticism and Hermetism to Astrology, Alchemy and Magic, from the Hermetic Tradition of the Renaissance to Rosicrucianism and Christian Theosophy, and from Freemasonry and Illuminism to 19thcentury Occultism and the contemporary New Age movement. Dictionary of Gnosis & Western Esotericism Online also contains articles about the life and work of all the major personalities in the history of Gnosis and Western Esotericism, discussing their ideas, significance, and historical influence.

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Michael Scot

(1,234 words)

Author(s): Vescovini, Graziella Federici
Scot, Michael, * before 1198 (place unknown), † after 1236 (place unknown) An eminent astrologer, Michael Scot's activity is documented from 1198 to 1216, and from 1221 to 1224, years in which he was translating the various books of Aristotle's De animalibus and perhaps De anima and other works of the philosopher. In 1224 Pope Honorius III elected him Archbishop of Cashel in Ireland, but he declined the position. He was definitely active at the court of Frederick II from 1227 to 1236. Michael Scot is known as the translator of works by Arab scientists, including Alfarabi's De ortu scientiar…

Milosz, Oscar Vladislas

(508 words)

Author(s): Laurant, Jean-Pierre
Milosz, Oscar Vladislas, * 28.5.1877 (Czercia, Lithuania (15.5 according to the Julian calendar then in use)), † 2 Mar 1939 (Fontainebleau (Seine et Marne)) On his father's side Milosz belonged to the Baltic landed aristocracy, the family property being situated in a region annexed by Russia. His father, violent and unbalanced in character, had led an adventurous life culminating in marriage with a Polish Jew, Marie Rosalie Rosenthal, who was rejected out of anti-Semitism by the entire family and locality. His mother c…


(6,374 words)

Author(s): Bolzoni, Lina
1. Memory in the Classical World In Greek mythology Memory – Mnemosyne – was a goddess beloved of Zeus who gave birth to the Muses, the divinities who would preside over poets and their art. Mnemosyne was the guardian not only of the secrets of beauty, but also those of knowledge, since in her hands she held the threads of the past, the present and the future. The poet's inspiration was believed to come directly from the Muses, and hence he was considered akin to the oracular priestess through whom the dei…