Encyclopaedia Iranica Online

Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Editor-in-Chief: Elton Daniel
Associate Editors: Mohsen Ashtiany, Mahnaz Moazami
Managing Editor: Marie McCrone

Encyclopaedia Iranica is the most renowned reference work in the field of Iran studies. Founded by the late Professor Ehsan Yarshater and edited at the Ehsan Yarshater Center for Iranian Studies at Columbia University, this monumental international project brings together the scholarship about Iran of thousands of authors around the world.

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Ehsan Yarshater Center for Iranian Studies at Columbia University

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Editor-in-Chief: Elton Daniel
Professor Elton Daniel (A.B., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1970; Ph.D., University of Texas at Austin, 1978) taught Middle Eastern and Islamic History at the University of Hawaii from 1981 until his retirement in 2011. From 1997 to 2001, during periods of academic leave, he served as Associate Editor of the Encyclopaedia Iranica. He has also held a visiting position at the University of Chicago (1980-81) and research fellowships in London, Oxford, Paris, Leiden, Cairo, Damascus, Istanbul, and Tehran. In addition to numerous articles and reviews, Professor Daniel has authored, co-authored, or edited volumes including The Political and Social History of Khurasan under Abbasid Rule (1979), A Shi’ite Pilgrimage to Mecca (1990), Qajar Society and Culture (2002), Culture and Customs of Iran (2006), and The History of Iran (2nd ed., 2012). He has continuing research interests in the history of early Islamic Iran, Islamic historiography in Persian and Arabic, and Persian travel literature of the Qajar period.

Associate Editor: Mohsen Ashtiany
A graduate of University of St. Andrews and Oxford University, Mohsen Ashtiany has taught Persian literature and history at Oxford University, University of Manchester and the University of California at Los Angeles and has held Visiting Fellowships at Harvard and Princeton. He is a member of the Editorial Board of A History of Persian Literature (in 18 volumes); co-editor of vol. II of the series and editor of vol. III. He is also a Fellow of the Stockholm Collegium of World Literary History, Stockholm University and author of the contributions on Classical Persian Poetry in the four-volume Literature: A World History, ed. David Damrosch et al. (2013). An annotated translation of Beyhaqi’s Tarikh-e Mas’udi, carried out in collaboration with Professor C. E. Bosworth, was published in three volumes in 2011.

Associate Editor: Mahnaz Moazami
Dr. Mahnaz Moazami is an Associate Research Scholar at Columbia University. She studied at the Sorbonne University in Paris where she earned her DEA degree in a joint program in Comparative Anthropology of Religions (Africa, America, Mediterranean, Far East), and her Ph.D. in History of Religions.
She has held post-doctoral research fellowships at Harvard and Yale universities, and has taught courses at the Bernard Revel Graduate School of Jewish Studies of Yeshiva University and at Columbia’s Department of Religion.
Her research focuses on history, languages, and religions of ancient Iran. She has written several articles and essays on different aspects of Zoroastrianism.
Her books include Wrestling with the Demons of the Pahlavi Widēwdād, a major source for the understanding of Zoroastrian purification laws (Brill, 2014); Zoroastrianism: A Collection of Articles from the Encyclopædia Iranica (EIF, 2016); and Laws of Ritual Purity: Zand ī Fragard ī Jud-Dēw-Dād, a commentary on the Pahlavi Widēwdād that provides an account of several developments in Sasanian intellectual life in the sixth century (Brill, 2021).

Managing Editor: Marie McCrone
Marisa “Marie” McCrone holds a Master of Science degree in International Relations with Distinction honors from the London School of Economics and Political Science, where she specialized in international law, conflict and peace studies, and international politics. She also holds a B.A. degree in International Relations and English from Syracuse University, and has more than a decade of research, editorial, publishing, and communications experience in international affairs, including for organizations such as the United Nations, NGOs, think tanks, and non-profits. Her interest in Iran includes twentieth- and twenty-first century Iran and its regional and global relations.

Hamid Algar, University of California, Berkeley (emeritus), Islamic Heritage
Abbas Amanat, Yale University, Qajar History
Mohammad Ali Amir-Moezzi, École Pratique des Hautes Études, University of Paris-Sorbonne, Shi’ism
Steven C. Anderson, University of the Pacific (emeritus), Fauna
Hassan Ansari, Institute for Advanced Study, School of Historical Studies, Classical Islam
Adam Becker, New York University, Assyrians
Michal Biran, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, History of the Mongol Period
Stephen Blum, Graduate Center, City University of New York, Music
Gerhard Böwering, Yale University, Sufism
Carlo G. Cereti, Università degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza,” Sasanian History
Jamsheed Choksy, Indiana University, Modern Zoroastrianism
Farhad Daftary, Institute of Ismaili Studies, London, Ismailism
Agnes Devictor, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Media Studies
Devin A. DeWeese, Indiana University, Bloomington, Medieval and Pre-Modern Central Asia
Desmond Durkin-Meisterernst, Institute of Iranian Studies, Freie Universität Berlin, Manicheism
Richard M. Eaton, University of Arizona, Indo-Persian Studies
Willem Floor, Bethesda, Md., Material Culture
Ali Gheissari, University of San Diego, Twentieth-Century Intellectual History
Bahram Grami, Winona, Minn., Flora
Wouter Henkelman, École Pratique des Hautes Études, University of Paris-Sorbonne, Elamite and Achaemenid History
Sooyong Kim, Koç Üniversitesi, Ottoman-Iranian Cultural Relations
Agnes Korn, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Linguistics
Sergio La Porta, California State University, Fresno, Early Armenia and Irano-Armenian Relations
Scott Levi, Ohio State University, Modern Central Asia
Paul Losensky, Indiana University, Classical Persian Literature
William Malandra, University of Minnesota (emeritus), Zoroastrian Religion
Rudi Matthee, University of Delaware, Safavid History
Eden Naby, Cambridge, Mass., Assyrians of Modern Iran
Mahmoud Omidsalar, California State University, Los Angeles, Folklore
Antonio Panaino, Università di Bologna, Ancient Iran
John Perry, University of Chicago (emeritus), 18th-Century Iranian History and Culture
Daniel T. Potts, New York University, Archeology
Houman Sarshar, Center for Iranian Jewish Oral History, New York, Judeo-Persian Studies
Rüdiger Schmitt, Saarland University, Germany (emeritus), Comparative Indo-European Linguistics and Indo-Iranian Studies
Nicholas Sims-Williams, School of Oriental and African Studies, London (emeritus), Iranian and Central Asian Philology
Prods Oktor Skjærvø, Harvard University (emeritus), Old and Middle Iranian Languages
Priscilla Soucek, New York University, Art History
Brian Spooner, University of Pennsylvania, Anthropology
Maria Szuppe, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, Tajikistan
Ernest Tucker, United States Naval Academy, Zand and Afsharid Periods
Elaine van Dalen, Columbia University, History of Science and Medicine
Ameneh Youssefzadeh, New York, N. Y., Music