Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936)

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: M. Th.Houtsma, T.W.Arnold, R.Basset and R.Hartmann
The Encyclopaedia of Islam First Edition Online (EI1) was originally published in print between 1913 and 1936. The demand for an encyclopaedic work on Islam was created by the increasing (colonial) interest in Muslims and Islamic cultures during the nineteenth century. The scope of the  Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online is philology, history, theology and law until early 20th century. Such famous scholars as Houtsma, Wensinck, Gibb, Snouck Hurgronje, and Lévi-Provençal were involved in this scholarly endeavor. The Encyclopedia of Islam First Edition Online offers access to 9,000 articles.

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(660 words)

Author(s): Kratschkowsky, Ign.
al-Dimas̲h̲ḳī, Abu ’l-Farad̲j̲ Muḥammad b. Aḥmad al-G̲h̲assānī, an Arab poet of the second rank of the time of the Ḥamdānid Saif al-Dawla [q. v.], who died, probably in Damascus, after the year 370 (980). Of his life we only know that he was a crier in the fruit-market in Damascus (on this Dār al-Biṭṭīk̲h̲ cf. H. Zaiyāt in Mach., xxvii., 1929, p. 762—764); whence probably his epithet (cf. Ibn Āwā, vulg. Syr.-Arab. wāwī, jackal; according to other statements = faʾfāʾ, stutterer, stammerer). Arab scholars usually reckon him in the circle of Saif al-Dawla. As he seems never t…


(1,244 words)

Author(s): Babinger, Franz
, vizier, title of ministers of state and of the highest dignitaries, especially in the Ottoman empire. The word and the idea come from Īrān. In the Avesta vicira means “decider, judge”, in Pehlevi v(i)čir “judge, decision”. The Arabs undoubtedly took over the term in the Sāsānian period and it was only in later times that modern Persian took back wazīr from the Arabic as if it were really Arabic. Under the Umaiyads the usual name of the secretary of state was kātib; it was later replaced by wazīr (cf. Et. Quatremère, Histoire des sultans Mamlouks de l’Egypte, ii./2, Paris 1845, p. 317 sqq.; W. B…


(268 words)

Author(s): Babinger, Franz
, Ḥusain, an Ottoman poet and historian. Ḥusain whose mak̲h̲laṣ was Wed̲j̲īhī, came from Bag̲h̲če Serāy in the Crimea at an early age to Stambul where he became seal-bearer ( mühürdār) to the later grand vizier, then Ḳapudan Pās̲h̲ā, Ḳara Muṣṭafā Pas̲h̲a. He died in 1071 (beg. Sept. 6, 1660) in Stambul and was buried before the Adrianople gate. Wed̲j̲īhī left a history and a Dīwān which has not yet been printed. The former begins in the year 1047 (beg. May 20, 1637) with the description of the conquest of Bag̲h̲dād under Murād IV, then describes the reign of …


(777 words)

Author(s): Hartner, Willy
(Vega) (al-Nasr al-wāḳiʿ). The Arabic name al-Nasr al-wāḳiʿ “the falling eagle” — in Latin always reproduced as Vultur cadens, in Greek γὺψ καθειμένοΣ, although nasr is undoubtedly the eagle not the vulture — is the name first of the brightest star (first magnitude) α in the constellation of the Lyre and secondly of the whole constellation of the Lyre itself. The name Vega, a corruption of wāḳiʿ is found in this form as early as the Alfonsine Tables e. g. “Lucida super pupillam deferentem et est Alohore et dicitur Wega”. The expression pupilla deferens which here occurs for the first ti…
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