Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(27 words)

aḍāt (A, N.Afr ḍāya) : in the Sahara of southern Morocco and Algeria, small basins where the limestone …


(23 words)

aḍdād (A, s. Ḍidd) : lit. opposites; in linguistics, words which have two meanings that are opposite…


(31 words)

ʿaddān (A) : in Syria, a conventional rotation, according to which the distribution of the separate …


(29 words)

ʿad̲h̲āb (A) : ‘torment, suffering, affliction’, inflicted by God or a human ruler. Adfū ʿ ad̲h̲āb al-ḳabr


(51 words)

ʿad̲h̲aba (A, Egy d̲h̲uʾāba) : the loose end of the turban, which usually hangs behind from the turban.…


(62 words)

ad̲h̲ān (A, T ezan) : ‘announcement’; as technical term, ~ indicates the call to the divine service of …


(43 words)

ad̲h̲argūn (P, A ad̲h̲aryūn) : lit. flame-coloured; a plant about 2-3 feet high with finger-long elonga…


(19 words)

ʿād̲j̲ (A) : ivory, exported in the Islamic period in all probability solely from East Africa. Adiyaman


(58 words)

ʿad̲j̲āʾib (A) : ‘marvels’, especially the marvels of Antiquity, e.g. the Pharos of Alexandria. Ad̲j̲aʾ and Salmā In …


(23 words)

ad̲j̲al (A) : the appointed term of a man’s life or the date of his death; the duration of existence. ʿAd̲j̲āʾib


(38 words)

ʿad̲j̲ala (A) : the generic term for wheeled vehicles drawn by animals; carriage. In Mamlūk Egypt, ~…


(71 words)

ʿad̲j̲am (A) : people qualified by ʿud̲j̲ma, a confused and obscure way of speaking, as regards pronunciat…


(49 words)

ad̲j̲d̲h̲āʿ (A), or al-d̲j̲id̲h̲āʿ : the name for the group formed by four children of ʿAwf b. Kaʿb, on…


(26 words)

ad̲j̲īr (A) : in the hierarchy of guilds, an apprentice (syn. mubtadiʾ). Other levels were worker, ṣāniʿ, and master…


(97 words)

ad̲j̲r (A, < Akk) : reward, wages, rent. In theology, the reward, in the world to come, for pious deeds. Ad̲j̲nādayn In l…
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