Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(64 words)

ād̲j̲urr (A, < P agūr ?) : baked brick, used notably in public baths; of varying dimensions, and sometim…


(113 words)

ʿad̲j̲uz (A) : in prosody, the name for the second hemistich of an Arabic poem. ʿArūḍ; Ṣadr; the nam…


(9 words)

ʿad̲j̲z (A) : in medicine, impotence. Muḳawwiyāt


(104 words)

ʿadl (A) : justice; rectilinear, just. In Muʿtazilite doctrine, ~ means the justice of God and constitutes…


(5 words)

adrama (al-ṣabiyy) It̲h̲t̲h̲ag̲h̲ara


(20 words)

adrar (B) : ‘mountain’, Berber geographical term applied to a number of mountainous regions of the Sahara. Adramit


(39 words)

afʿā (A) : in zoology, the viper; also other similar kinds of snakes. Most sources state that ~ deno…


(41 words)

afāriḳa : the descendants of the Graeco-Romans and the latinised Berbers, mostly Christians, living …


(49 words)

afāwīh (A, pl. of afwāh, s. fūh) : spices, aromatic substances added to food and beverages to increase ple…


(21 words)

afg̲h̲ānī (A) : in numismatics, a coin introduced in Afghanistan by S̲h̲īr ʿAlī in place of the rupee. al-S̲h̲inḳīṭī


(12 words)

ʿafiṣ (A) : the quality of food being pungent. G̲h̲id̲h̲āʾ


(38 words)

āfrāg (B ‘enclosure’) : in Morocco, an enclosure of cloth, which isolates the encampment of the sove…


(59 words)

ʿafṣ (A) : in botany, the gall, an excrescence which forms on certain kinds of trees and shrubs as t…


(35 words)

afsantīn (A, < Gk), or afsintīn, ifsintīn : in botany, the common wormwood ( Artemisia absinthium); other similar k…


(14 words)

afs̲h̲īn : a pre-Islamic title borne by princes in Central Asia. Afs̲h̲ār


(23 words)

afsūn (P) : charm, incantation; now used in Iran to designate especially a charm against the biting …
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