Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(18 words)

ʿāfūr (A) : a sand devil; the word has an echo of ʿifrīt in it. al-ʿIfār


(18 words)

afyūn (A, < Gk) : opium; in Iran and Turkey often called Tiryāḳ ‘antidote’. al-Afwah al-Awdī


(38 words)

agadir (B, < Ph gadir) : in North Africa, one of the names of a fortified enclosure among the Berbers, also called ḳaṣr ( ga…


(55 words)

āgdāl (A, < B) : pasturage reserved for the exclusive use of the landowner. Agadir-Ighir In Morocco, ~ has acquired…


(76 words)

ag̲h̲a (T, P āḳā) : in Eastern Turkish, ‘elder brother’, ‘grandfather’, ‘uncle’, ‘elder sister’. Agadir…


(48 words)

ag̲h̲ač (T) : in Ottoman Turkish, a ‘tree’, ‘wood’. In Eastern Turkish, ~ means both ‘the male membe…


(31 words)

ag̲h̲i̊t (T) : in Turkish folklore, lyrical compositions expressive of grief. They commemorate the d…


(7 words)

ag̲h̲rem (B) : ‘settlement’. Tadlīs


(34 words)

ag̲h̲riba (A), or ag̲h̲ribat al-ʿarab : lit. the crows [of the Bedouin]; a designation in early Islam fo…


(7 words)

ag̲h̲rum (B) : bread. K̲h̲ūbmesīḥīs


(16 words)

agurram (B) : among the Berbers of Morocco, the name for a saint. al-Mag̲h̲rib
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