Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(10 words)

bals̲h̲ūn (A) : in zoology, the heron. Bayzara


(70 words)

balṭad̲j̲i̊ (T) : a name given to men composing various companies of palace guards under the Ottoman…


(68 words)

balyemez (T, < Ger Faule Metze) : lit. that eats no honey; a large caliber gun, which name (probably a je…


(43 words)

bālyōs (T, < It bailo) : the Turkish name for the Venetian ambassador to the Sublime Porte. With the gen…


(48 words)

bān (A, P) : the ben-nut tree ( Moringa aptera Gaertn.), the wood of which was used for tent-poles. Its fruit, called s̲h̲…


(13 words)

banafsad̲j̲ (A) : in botany, the violet (> banafsad̲j̲ī ‘violet-coloured’). Lawn


(48 words)

band (P) : anything which is used to bind, attach, close or limit; a dam built for irrigation purpos…


(45 words)

bandar (P) : a seaport or port on a large river. The word ~ passed into the Arabic of Syria and Egyp…


(34 words)

bandayr (Alg, < Goth pandero), or bandīr : in Algeria, a round tambourine with snares stretched across the…


(53 words)

bandis̲h̲ : the composition, the second part in a performance of classical or art music of India, wh…


(29 words)

band̲j̲ (A, P bang, < San) : henbane, a narcotic drug. In the popular dialect of Egypt, ~ is used for e…


(39 words)

band̲j̲ārā : a term used in India to designate dealers rather than mere commissariat carriers, who t…


(97 words)

banīḳa (A, pl. banāʾiḳ) : originally, in early Arabic, any piece inserted to widen a tunic or a leather…


(17 words)

banis̲h̲ (A), or banīs̲h̲ : a wide-sleeved man’s coat, worn in the Arab East. Libās
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