Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(27 words)

bānuwānī : in mediaeval ʿIrāḳ, a vagrant who stands before a door, rattles the bolt and cries ‘O Mas…


(37 words)

bāʾolī (U, H), and baʾīn : a step-well in Muslim India, usually found at the principal shrines associate…


(57 words)

barāʿa (A) : in prosody, ‘virtuosity’, the ability to make intricate conceits appear natural, one of…


(191 words)

barāʾa (A) : release, exemption; freedom from disease, cure; in law, ~ is the absence of obligation; barāʾat (al-d̲h̲…


(39 words)

bāradarī (H) : a term, also applied to Muslim buildings in India, for a hall with twelve adjacent ba…


(42 words)

baraka (A) : (divine) blessing; in practice, ~ has the meaning of ‘very adequate quantity’. Baraḳ Baba In the vocabul…


(14 words)

baramis (A, < L Abramis brama) : in zoology, the bream. Samak


(9 words)

bārand̲j̲ : ‘coloured’, melons from Ḵh̲sup:wārazm. T̲h̲allād̲j̲


(62 words)

baranta (T) : an Eastern Turkish term, though now regarded as old-fashioned, for ‘foray, robbery, pl…


(28 words)

baraṣ (A, pl. abraṣ) : in medicine, a term used for leprosy, but could be applied to other skin disease…


(18 words)

barasūd̲j̲ (A, < P parastūg) : in zoology, the mullet. Variants are barastūk and ṭarastud̲j̲. Samak


(30 words)

barāt (K) : in the Yazīdī tradition, little balls of dust from the Lālis̲h̲ area made with water fro…


(35 words)

barata (T) : a special type of headdress, Külāh, of woollen cloth in the shape of a sleeve whose rea…

bārā wafāt

(37 words)

bārā wafāt (U) : a term used in the subcontinent of India for the twelfth day of Rabīʿ I, observed as…


(48 words)

bar-āwardī (IndP) : lit. by estimate; under the Mug̲h̲al emperor Akbar, the payment at a rather low …


(23 words)

barbā (A, < C p’erpé ‘temple’) : name given by the Egyptians to solidly constructed ancient buildings of…


(45 words)

barbaṭ (P, < bar ‘breast’ and baṭ ‘duck’) : in music, a lute whose sound-chest and neck were constructed i…


(23 words)

bərbūk̲h̲ (Alg) : a variety of couscous, with fine grain, eaten cold, without butter, and moistened …


(20 words)

barbūs̲h̲a (B) : a variety of couscous, made with barley semolina. This is called ṣīkūk in Morocco. Kuskusū
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