Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(29 words)

baḥzad̲j̲ (A), or barg̲h̲az : in zoology, the calf of the oryx or addax antelope at birth. If it is com…


(12 words)

bāʾin (A) : in law, an irrevocably divorced woman. ʿIdda


(21 words)

baʿīr (A) : the individual camel, regardless of sex, as opposed to ibil, the species and the group. Ibil


(19 words)

baḳʿa (A) : a term applied especially to a place where water remains stagnant. Būḳa; and Buḳʿa


(16 words)

bāḳālāw (A, < Sp bacallao), with var. bāḳālyū, baḳala, baḳlāwa : the stockfish. Samak


(41 words)

baḳar (A) : cattle; mediaeval Arab authors distinguished between the domestic ~ ahlī and the wild ~ waḥs̲h̲ī, meaning…

baḳāʾ wa-fanāʾ

(31 words)

baḳāʾ wa-fanāʾ (A) : ‘subsistence’ and ‘effacement’, ṣūfī terms referring to the stages of the develo…


(15 words)

bak̲h̲nūḳ (Tun) : an embroidered head shawl for women, worn in Tunisia. Libās


(92 words)

bak̲h̲s̲h̲ī (< Ch po-che ?) : a Buddhist priest, monk; later ‘writer, secretary’, a term stemming from …


(45 words)

bāk̲h̲s̲h̲ī : in traditional Özbeg society, a practitioner of shamanistic healing, especially the re…


(64 words)

bak̲h̲s̲h̲īs̲h̲ (P) : a gratuity bestowed by a superior on an inferior, a tip or ‘consideration’ thr…


(11 words)

baḳḳ (A) : in zoology, a bug. Ḏh̲ubāb; Ḳaml


(20 words)

bakkāʾ (A) : lit. weepers; in early Islam, ascetics who during their devotional exercises shed many …


(19 words)

baḳḳāl (A) : retailer of vegetables; grocer (syn. k̲h̲aḍḍār). Bakkāʾ, where many synonyms used regionally ar…


(43 words)

baḳḳam (A, < San) : sappan wood, an Indian dye wood obtained from the Caesalpinia Sappan L. The Arabic equivalent fr…


(14 words)

baḳḳāra : cattle nomads in the central Sudan belt of Africa. al-S̲h̲uʿūbiyya
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