Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(45 words)

bakrad̲j̲ (A) : the traditional coffee pot (syn. dalla), one of a number of traditional kitchen utensils use…


(21 words)

baḳṭ (A, < Lat pactum, Gk) : an annual tribute yielded by Christian Nubia to the Muslims. ʿAbd; al-Bakrī


(64 words)

baʿl (A) : master, owner, husband; in law, ~ denotes unwatered tillage and unwatered cultivated land. Baʿḳūba baʿlī …


(32 words)

bālā (P) : height, high; since 1262/1846 the term for a grade in the former Ottoman Civil Service, t…


(27 words)

bāla (Yem) : a folk poetry genre for men in northern Yemen tribal areas, usually improvised and sung…


(30 words)

balad S̲h̲ayk̲h̲ baladiyya (A) : municipality; the term used to denote mode…


(27 words)

balāg̲h̲a (A) : eloquence. Badīʿ; Baladiyya; Bayʿa; Fasā; to Ḳazwīnī (d. 1338), ~ was the term for t…


(75 words)

balam (A) : a typically ʿIrāḳī term for a barque which has both bows and stern pointed in shape, wit…


(17 words)

balamīda (A, < Pelamys) : in zoology, the pelamid, also called būnīt, the bonito. Samak


(54 words)

balāṭ (A, < L or Gk palatium) : a paved way; flagging; the term most usually applied to the naves of a mos…


(23 words)

bəlg̲h̲a (B) : flat slippers, usually pointed at the toe, but sometimes rounded, worn by both sexes …


(15 words)

balg̲h̲am (A, < Gk) : phlegm, one of the four cardinal humours. Dalmatia


(12 words)

bālig̲h̲ (A) : in law, major, of full age. Baliabadra


(14 words)

balīlad̲j̲ (P) : in botany, a variety of myrobalanus ( Terminalia bellerica). Halīlad̲j̲


(38 words)

bālis̲h̲ (P ‘cushion’) : a 13th-century Mongolian monetary unit, coined both in gold and silver. It …


(70 words)

baliyya (A, pl. balāyā) : a name given, in pre-Islamic times, to a camel (more rarely a mare) tethered …


(15 words)

ballūṭ (A, pl. balāliṭa) : in botany, acorn, fruit of the oaktree. Fahrasa
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