Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(12 words)

čabūtra (P) : in Mug̲h̲al architecture, a platform. Tādj Maḥall


(30 words)

čadirk̲h̲äyal (T) : one of two varieties of puppet theatre in Central Asia, a marionette show with f…


(6 words)

čādur Rū band; S̲h̲awdar


(22 words)

čag̲h̲āna (T) : in music, the ‘Jingling Johnny’ (Fr chapeau chinois, Ger Schellenbaum), now superseded by the po…


(81 words)

čahār (P) : four. čahār bāg̲h̲ (P) Bāg̲h̲ čahār sūḳ Sūḳ čahār tāḳ (P) : the mostly di…


(60 words)

čaki̊r (T) : a merlin and falcon, one of the birds of prey making up the traditional sport of hawkin…


(20 words)

čaḳs̲h̲īr (T, A s̲h̲aḳs̲h̲īr) : Turkish-style pantaloons, underdrawers, worn by both sexes in Egypt, Sy…


(38 words)

čandi : a temple of either Hindu or Buddhist intention, ultimately of Indian origin but modified by …


(24 words)

canḳri : a word used in Laḳ society to designate children of marriages between Bagtals and women of …


(43 words)

čao (P, < Ch ṭṣʿau) : the name given to paper currency in circulation in Iran for about two months in 69…


(15 words)

čark̲h̲ Sang čark̲h̲-kamān (P) : a multiple-firing arbalest, borrowed from the Mongols. Ḳaws


(39 words)

čars̲h̲i̊ (T) : in Ottoman times, common term for both individual business locales and covered marke…


(151 words)

čās̲h̲na-gīr (P, A d̲h̲awwāḳ) : ‘taster’, the title of an official, generally an amīr, at the court of …


(63 words)

čatr (P), or čitr : a term used in the Iranian cultural sphere to designate a parasol held over the sov…


(168 words)

čāʾūs̲h̲ (T) : officials staffing the various Ottoman Palace departments; low-ranking military perso…


(55 words)

čawgān (P) : the stick used in polo. The term is also used in a wider sense for the game itself, whi…


(18 words)

čawk : in Muslim India, a market usually located at places where four roads met. Sūḳ


(64 words)

čay (P) : tea, introduced to sultan Mawlay Ismāʿīl in Morocco in ca. 1700; ~ is variously termed ātāy, tāy, s̲h̲āy and s̲h…


(31 words)

čedik (T) : an indoor shoe with a low leg, worn in the Ottoman period. It was most often made in yel…


(85 words)

čelebī (T) : a term of unknown origin applied to men of the upper classes in Turkey between the end …


(72 words)

čeltükd̲j̲i (T) : in the Ottoman empire, a rice grower with a special status as labourer of the sult…


(27 words)

čepken (T), or čebken, sallama : a short caftan with sleeves, buckled and bordered, worn as an outer gar…


(73 words)

čes̲h̲me (T, < P) : one of two kinds of water fountains (Sabīl) in Istanbul. The ~ is self-service, …


(27 words)

čewgān (T) : a crescent-shaped, jingling rattle with bells, one of two types of brass percussion sup…


(41 words)

čeyrek (T, < P čahāryak) : a quarter of an hour; a coin, also known as bes̲h̲lik, or five piastre piece. The silver …
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