Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(63 words)

čatr (P), or čitr : a term used in the Iranian cultural sphere to designate a parasol held over the sov…


(168 words)

čāʾūs̲h̲ (T) : officials staffing the various Ottoman Palace departments; low-ranking military perso…


(55 words)

čawgān (P) : the stick used in polo. The term is also used in a wider sense for the game itself, whi…


(18 words)

čawk : in Muslim India, a market usually located at places where four roads met. Sūḳ


(64 words)

čay (P) : tea, introduced to sultan Mawlay Ismāʿīl in Morocco in ca. 1700; ~ is variously termed ātāy, tāy, s̲h̲āy and s̲h…


(31 words)

čedik (T) : an indoor shoe with a low leg, worn in the Ottoman period. It was most often made in yel…


(85 words)

čelebī (T) : a term of unknown origin applied to men of the upper classes in Turkey between the end …


(72 words)

čeltükd̲j̲i (T) : in the Ottoman empire, a rice grower with a special status as labourer of the sult…


(27 words)

čepken (T), or čebken, sallama : a short caftan with sleeves, buckled and bordered, worn as an outer gar…


(73 words)

čes̲h̲me (T, < P) : one of two kinds of water fountains (Sabīl) in Istanbul. The ~ is self-service, …


(27 words)

čewgān (T) : a crescent-shaped, jingling rattle with bells, one of two types of brass percussion sup…


(41 words)

čeyrek (T, < P čahāryak) : a quarter of an hour; a coin, also known as bes̲h̲lik, or five piastre piece. The silver …
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