Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(27 words)

fāʾ (A) : the twentieth letter of the Arabic alphabet, transcribed f, with the numerical value 80. It is define…


(81 words)

faḍāʾil (A, s. faḍīla) : lit. virtues, a genre of literature exposing the excellences of things, indivi…


(61 words)

fadān (A) : a word that seems to have been applied at the same time to the yoke, to the pair of oxen…


(44 words)

faddān (A) : a yoke of oxen; the standard measure of land in Egypt in former times. It was defined b…


(49 words)

fad̲h̲laka (A, < fa-d̲h̲ālika) : in mathematics, the sum, total. Besides being placed at the bottom of …


(37 words)

faḍīk̲h̲ (A) : a kind of date, from which wine was made. K̲h̲amr; a drink composed of fruits (dates,…


(93 words)

fad̲j̲r (A) : dawn, daybreak. al-fad̲j̲r al-kād̲h̲ib (A), or al-ṣubḥ al-kād̲h̲ib : lit. the false dawn; the Ar…


(6 words)

faḍl Dāʾir; Raḥma; Ṣila


(13 words)

fāfīr (Egy) : in Egypt, the term used for papyrus. Pant̲h̲ay


(42 words)

fag̲h̲fūr (P), or bag̲h̲būr : title of the emperor of China in the Muslim sources. Faḍli fag̲h̲fūrī …


(20 words)

fahd (A, < Gk or L pardus ?; P yūz) : in zoology, the cheetah ( Acinonyx jubatus). Fag̲h̲fūr


(8 words)

fāḥis̲h̲a (A) : a sin. Ziḥāf


(20 words)

faḥl (A, pl. fuḥūl) : lit. stallion; in literature, a term given to a powerful poet. Aljamía; Naḳd


(32 words)

faḥm (A) : in mineralogy, coal, used in early Islam as fuel for ovens while its ashes were utilised …


(66 words)

fahrasa (A, < P fihrist) : the name given in Muslim Spain to kinds of catalogues, in which scholars enum…


(10 words)

fāʿil (A) : in grammar, the agent. Rafʿ
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