Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(68 words)

ḥarām (A) : a term representing everything that is forbidden to the profane and separated from the r…


(27 words)

ḥarb (A) : war. Ḥarb ḥarba ʿAnaza ḥarbī (A), or ahl al-ḥarb : a non-Muslim from the Dār Al-Ḥarb. Amān; Dār al-Ḥ…

ḥareket ordusu

(42 words)

ḥareket ordusu (T) : ‘investing’ or ‘marching’ army. ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd II; the name usually given to the …


(190 words)

ḥarf (A, pl. ḥurūf, aḥruf) : letter of the alphabet; word. Ḥareket Ordusu; in grammar, articulation of t…


(76 words)

ḥarfūs̲h̲ (A, pl. ḥarāfīs̲h̲, ḥarāfis̲h̲a), sometimes k̲h̲arfūs̲h̲ : vagabond, ne’er-do-well, often used i…


(32 words)

ḥarīd (A) : in zoology, the parrot fish, whose Arabic term is found again in the Latinised nomenclat…


(18 words)

hārim (A, pl. hawārim) : a (female) camel which feeds from the harm bush. Ḏj̲azīrat al-ʿArab


(30 words)

ḥarīm (A), also ḥaramgāh, zanāna : a term applied to those parts of the house to which access is forbidd…


(67 words)

ḥarīr (A, Ott ipek) : silk (syn. ibrīsam, ḳazz); ~ occurs in the Qurʾān, where it is said that the raiment o…


(29 words)

harīsa (A) : the term for a dish of meat and bulgur, but in Egypt a sweet pastry made of flour, melt…


(38 words)

ḥarḳāniyya (A) : a type of black turban, which the Prophet is said to have worn on his campaigns. Th…


(20 words)

ḥarmaliyyāt (A) : in mineralogy, inclusion or patches looking like African rye, a defect in a gem. Zumurrud


(36 words)

ḥarra (A, pl. ḥirār) : a basalt desert in Arabia, which owes its origin to subterranean volcanoes which…


(38 words)

ḥarrāḳa (A) : ‘fire ship’; ~ presumably denoted in origin a warship from which fire could be hurled …
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