Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(61 words)

ḥarṭānī (A, < B ?; pl. ḥarāṭīn) : name given in northwest Africa to a sedentary population of the oases in…


(18 words)

ḥarūn (A) : in the terminology of horse-riding, a horse that refuses to walk forward. Furūsiyya


(14 words)

harwala (A), or k̲h̲abab : a more rapid pace than ramal. Ummī


(31 words)

ḥasab (A) : nobility, possessed by one ( ḥasīb) either with noble ancestry or acquired by the performance of…


(97 words)

ḥasan (A) : good; in the science of Tradition, one of three kinds of Traditions, in between Ṣaḥīḥ ‘s…


(5 words)

ḥaṣāt Bayʿ Al-Munābad̲h̲a


(9 words)

ḥas̲h̲ar : corvée labour, syn. bīgār. Māʾ


(27 words)

ḥas̲h̲arāt (A) : in zoology, insects; and Hawāmm Wa-Ḥas̲h̲arāt ḥas̲h̲arāt al-arḍ (A), or k̲h̲as̲h̲ās̲h̲ : in zool…


(24 words)

hās̲h̲ima (A) : a fracture of a bone; a determining factor in the prescription of compensation follo…


(27 words)

hās̲h̲imiyya (A) : a term commonly applied in the 2nd-3rd/8th-9th centuries to members of the ʿAbbās…


(107 words)

ḥas̲h̲īs̲h̲ (A) : a narcotic product of Cannabis sativa, hemp. al-Hās̲h̲imiyya ḥas̲h̲īs̲h̲at al-naḥl Turund̲j̲ān ḥ…


(25 words)

ḥās̲h̲iya (A, pl. ḥawās̲h̲ī) : margin; marginal note, super-commentary on the commentary, S̲h̲arḥ; glos…


(79 words)

ḥas̲h̲m (A, P), or ḥas̲h̲m-i ḳalb, afwād̲j̲-i ḳalb, ḳalb-i sulṭānī : a term used in the 7th/13th century to d…


(48 words)

ḥas̲h̲r (A) : in eschatology, the gathering. Ḳiyāma ḥas̲h̲r ʿāmm Ḥas̲h̲r Kh̲āṣṣ ḥas̲h̲r k̲h̲āṣṣ …

has̲h̲t bihis̲h̲t

(46 words)

has̲h̲t bihis̲h̲t (P) : lit. eight paradises; a technical term in Mug̲h̲al architecture used for a s…


(91 words)

ḥas̲h̲w (A) : ‘stuffing’; ‘farce’, hence ‘prolix and useless discourse’. ʿArūḍ; Ḥas̲h̲met; and Ṣila In prosody, ~ …


(22 words)

ḥāṣil (A), or bāʾika : in mediaeval Islam, a warehouse. Sūḳ; Sūḳ; a shop. K̲h̲ān In administration, revenue. K̲h̲ar…
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