Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(17 words)

hāwin (A) : the traditional mortar used for grinding coffee and spices (syn. d̲j̲urn). Taḳālīd


(17 words)

ḥawīr (A) : in botany, the indigo tree, whose dye is called Nīl. Ḏj̲azīrat al-ʿArab


(14 words)

ḥawḳal (A) : a jealous, impotent old man. Kut̲h̲ayyir b. ʿAbd al-Raḥmān


(75 words)

ḥawl (A) : in law, a one-year holding period, a condition that applies in the obligation of Zakāt. Z…


(7 words)

ḥawma : a district. S̲h̲īrāz


(71 words)

ḥawrāʾ (A, pl. ḥūr) : white, applied in particular to the very large eye of the gazelle or oryx; by ext…


(38 words)

ḥaws̲h̲ (A) : an unroofed burial enclosure, typically Cairene. al-Ḳāhira; in mediaeval Islam, an enc…


(57 words)

ḥawṭ (A) : in southern Arabia, a red and black twisted cord which a woman wears round her hips to pr…


(30 words)

ḥāwūn (A) : in the mediaeval kitchen, a mortar to crush e.g. spices. A similar larger mortar ( d̲j̲āwūn) was used for …


(51 words)

ḥawz (A, > Sp alfoz ‘district’; pl. aḥwāz) : in North Africa, particularly Morocco, the territory, suburb, …


(38 words)

hayʾa (A) : shape, form, state, quality; configuration; in philosophy, predisposition, disposition. Ḥawz ʿilm al-…


(14 words)

ḥayʿala (A) : the s̲h̲īʿī formula of the call to prayer. Zaydiyya


(24 words)

ḥayawān (A) : the animal kingdom; an animal or animals in general, including man, who is more precisely called al-ḥayaw…


(24 words)

ḥayḍ (A) : menstruation; menstrual blood. A discharge which exceeds the legal duration fixed for the menses is called i…


(14 words)

ḥaydar (A) : ‘lion’; by-name given to ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib. Ḥayawān


(16 words)

ḥayderī (T) : a short dervishes’ garment without sleeves, stopping at the waist. Libās
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