Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(73 words)

ḥamal (A) : lamb; in astronomy, al-~ is the term for Aries, one of the twelve zodiacal constellations, also called al-ka…


(61 words)

ḥamām (A, pl. ḥamāʾim, ḥamāmāt) : in zoology, any bird ‘which drinks with one gulp and coos’, that is, a…


(84 words)

ḥamāsa (A) : bravery, valour; in literature, the title of a certain number of poetic anthologies whi…


(40 words)

hamasāla (P) : allocations on the revenue of specific villages or districts, according to which the …

hama ūst

(45 words)

hama ūst (P) : ‘All is He’, in mystical thought on the subcontinent, the equivalent of Waḥdat Al-Wud…


(42 words)

ḥamd (A) : praise; in Urdu religious literature, specifically praise of God. Madīḥ, Madḥ ḥamdala


(27 words)

ḥamḍ (A) : in botany, on the Arabian peninsula, a bush and a prime source of salt needed by camels. …


(32 words)

ḥāmil (A) : in astronomy, an eccentric deferent for the epicycle nested within the parecliptic, one …


(33 words)

ḥamla (A) : in the Ottoman empire, the term used to designate the group of people at the rear of the…


(32 words)

ḥammāda (N.Afr) : large areas which are the outcrops of horizontal beds of secondary or tertiary lim…


(83 words)

ḥammāl (A) : street-porter, bearer, who transports packages, cases, furniture, etc. on his back in t…


(6 words)

ḥammām Mukayyis; Waḳḳād; Zabbāl


(20 words)

hamsāya (Pash) : in Afghanistan, a client attached to and living under the protection of a tribe. Afg̲h̲ān


(26 words)

ḥamūla (A) : a group of people who claim descent from a common ancestor, usually five to seven gener…


(15 words)

hāmūr (A) : in the Persian Gulf, term for the grouper. Ḏj̲azīrat al-ʿArab


(32 words)

hamza (A) : the orthographical sign alif, which is the first letter of the Arabic alphabet, with numerical…


(95 words)

ḥanak (A), or taḥnīk al-ʿimāma : a turban which was distinctively wound under the chin. Originally, the …


(12 words)

ḥanbal (A) : a rug made of coarse wool. Sūf


(21 words)

hanbala (A), or hunbuʿa : the swaying and limping gait of the hyena, as described in pre-Islamic poetry. Ḍabuʿ


(60 words)

ḥanīf (A, pl. ḥunafāʾ) : in Islamic writings, one who follows the original and true (monotheistic) reli…


(47 words)

ḥanīnī (A) : a headdress, borrowed (both name and object) by the ladies of France and Spain in the 14th-16th centuries ( h…


(15 words)

ḥāniṭ (A) : the child who has reached the age of reason. Ṣag̲h̲īr


(9 words)

ḥannāt (A) : a wheat merchant. Sūḳ


(14 words)

ḥans̲h̲al (A, s. ḥans̲h̲ūlī) : small parties of Bedouin on foot. G̲h̲aznawids


(33 words)

ḥanūṭ (A) : a perfume or scented unguent used for embalming ( ḥināṭa), consisting of sweet rush or some mixture ( d̲h̲arī…


(11 words)

ḥānūṭ (A, < Ar) : a tent. K̲h̲amīs Mus̲h̲ayṭ


(19 words)

ḥanẓal (A) : in botany, colocynth ( Citrullus colocynthis), also called ḳit̲h̲t̲h̲āʾ al-naʿām ‘the ostrich’s cuc…


(31 words)

ḥāra (A) : a quarter or ward of a town; in Morocco, used as a synonym of Mallāḥ, a special quarter f…


(25 words)

ḥarāba (A) : a one-day battle among tribal factions; if it lasted longer than one day, it was called a kawn. Ḳays ʿAylān


(73 words)

ḥaraka (A) : motion; in philosophy, ~ is used for the Aristotelian notion of motion. Ḥaraka wa-Sukūn In grammar, ~ is…


(58 words)

ḥaram (A) : among the Bedouin, a sacred area around a shrine; a place where a holy power manifests i…


(68 words)

ḥarām (A) : a term representing everything that is forbidden to the profane and separated from the r…


(18 words)

haram (A, pl. ahrām, ahrāmāt) : pyramid, pre-eminently the pyramid of Cheops and Chephren. Ḥaraka wa-Sukūn


(27 words)

ḥarb (A) : war. Ḥarb ḥarba ʿAnaza ḥarbī (A), or ahl al-ḥarb : a non-Muslim from the Dār Al-Ḥarb. Amān; Dār al-Ḥ…

ḥareket ordusu

(42 words)

ḥareket ordusu (T) : ‘investing’ or ‘marching’ army. ʿAbd al-Ḥamīd II; the name usually given to the …


(190 words)

ḥarf (A, pl. ḥurūf, aḥruf) : letter of the alphabet; word. Ḥareket Ordusu; in grammar, articulation of t…


(76 words)

ḥarfūs̲h̲ (A, pl. ḥarāfīs̲h̲, ḥarāfis̲h̲a), sometimes k̲h̲arfūs̲h̲ : vagabond, ne’er-do-well, often used i…


(32 words)

ḥarīd (A) : in zoology, the parrot fish, whose Arabic term is found again in the Latinised nomenclat…


(18 words)

hārim (A, pl. hawārim) : a (female) camel which feeds from the harm bush. Ḏj̲azīrat al-ʿArab


(30 words)

ḥarīm (A), also ḥaramgāh, zanāna : a term applied to those parts of the house to which access is forbidd…
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