Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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ḳāʿ

(40 words)

ḳāʿ (A) : in topography, a depression on the fringes of the volcanic fields south of Syria, free of …

ḳāʿa

(83 words)

ḳāʿa (A) : in modern dwellings in Egypt, the principal room in the Ḥarīm, with a central space and l…

ḳaʿada

(34 words)

ḳaʿada (A) : ‘those who sit down’, term for the designation of the quietists in early Islam who abst…

kaʿb

(54 words)

kaʿb (A) : in mathematics, ~, or mukaʿʿab, denotes the third power of the unknown quantity. al-D̲j̲abr wa ’…

kaʿba

(56 words)

kaʿba (A) : the most famous sanctuary of Islam, called the temple or house of God, and situated in t…

ḳabāʾ

(40 words)

ḳabāʾ (A, < Sp capo or capa), or ḳabā : a cloak or cape worn by soldiers. al-Ḥallād̲j̲; Libās; Libās; a luxu…

kabāʾir

(31 words)

kabāʾir (A, s. kabīra) : the ‘grave sins’, mentioned in the Qurʾān, the exact definition of which remai…

kabaḳ

(32 words)

kabaḳ (A, < T ‘gourd’), or ḳabaḳ : in archery, a small target. Furūsiyya; in Mamlūk terminology, a ‘gourd’ game ( ramy al…

ḳabāla

(177 words)

ḳabāla (A) : in law, a guarantee, used mainly in connection with fiscal practice. It concerns the le…

kabar

(19 words)

kabar (A, < Eth kabaro) : an early term for a cylindrical drum with a single membrane.

kabāra

(47 words)

kabāra (A), or maʿtab : among the Bedouin in the Western Desert and Cyrenaica, amends for offences agai…

kabāt̲h̲

(16 words)

kabāt̲h̲ (A) : the ripe fruit of the thorn tree arāk ( Capparis sedata). G̲h̲id̲h̲āʾ

ḳabḍ

(403 words)

ḳabḍ (A) : lit. seizure, grasping, contraction, abstention, etc., and used in the special vocabulary…

kabid

(92 words)

kabid (A, according to lexicographers the only correct form), or kabd, kibd : in anatomy, the liver; through co…

ḳābiḍ

(12 words)

ḳābiḍ (A) : the quality of food being astringent. G̲h̲id̲h̲āʾ

ḳabīla

(119 words)

ḳabīla (A) : a large agnatic group, the members of which claim to be descended from one common ances…

ḳābila

(20 words)

ḳābila (A) : in alchemy, the part known as the ‘receiver’ of the distilling apparatus. al-Anbārī, Abu ’l-Barakāt

kabīr

(45 words)

kabīr (A) : lit. large; designation for a tribal chief. Sayyid; an attorney under customary law proc…

kabīsa

(29 words)

kabīsa (A, < Ar) : intercalation, which compensates for the difference between the lunar and solar y…

ḳabr

(120 words)

ḳabr (A) : tomb; ~ was first applied to the pit used as a burial place for a corpse (as was the term ḍarīḥ), giving rise to…

kabūs̲h̲

(28 words)

kabūs̲h̲ (A), and s̲h̲alīl : in the terminology of horse-riding, a cloth worn by the horse. The terms tas̲h̲āhir and d̲j…

ḳaḍāʾ

(356 words)

ḳaḍāʾ (A, T ḳażāʾ) : originally meaning ‘decision’, ~ has in the Qurʾān different meanings according to…

ḳadam

(127 words)

ḳadam (A) : in mysticism, ‘priority’, a principle arising in the second half of the 19th century in …

ḳadar

(103 words)

ḳadar (A) : measure, evaluation, fixed limit; in its technical sense, ~ designates determination, th…

ḳadāsa

(19 words)

ḳadāsa (A) : holiness; beings that are pure, wholly unsullied or in touch with the divine. Ḳadariyya

ḳaḍb

(19 words)

ḳaḍb Ḳatt ḳaḍba (A) : in archery, a quiver made from the nabʿ wood ( Grewia tenax). Ḳaws

kaddād

(13 words)

kaddād (A, pl. kawādīd) : a tiller of the soil. al-Aflād̲j̲

kaddāḥ

(8 words)

kaddāḥ (A) : a flint-maker. Sūḳ

ḳadḥ

(15 words)

ḳadḥ (A) : in medicine, the operation for cataract. D̲j̲āriya b. Ḳudāma; Ṭibb

ḳad̲h̲d̲h̲āf

(18 words)

ḳad̲h̲d̲h̲āf (A) : oarsman, part of the crew of the warships in the Muslim navy. Baḥriyya

ḳad̲h̲f

(32 words)

ḳad̲h̲f (A) : in law, a slanderous accusation of fornication, Zināʾ, or of illegitimate descent; in …

ḳāḍī

(301 words)

ḳāḍī (A) : in law, a judge, a representative of authority, invested with the power of jurisdiction. …

ḳaḍīb

(56 words)

ḳaḍīb (A) : rod (syn. ʿaṣā), one of the insignia of the sovereignty of the caliph. Ḳāḍī Muḥammad In archery, a bow mad…

ḳadīd

(21 words)

ḳadīd (A) : in pre-Islamic Arabia, meat cut into thin strips and left to dry in the sun. G̲h̲id̲h̲āʾ

ḳādima

(9 words)

ḳādima (A) : a quill feather. Ziryāb

ḳadi̊n

(37 words)

ḳadi̊n K̲h̲āṣṣekī ḳaḍi̊nlar salṭanati̊ (T) : ‘the rule of the women’, the pe…

kadk̲h̲udā

(11 words)

kadk̲h̲udā : a giver of years. al-Tasyīr; and Ketk̲h̲udā

ḳadriya

(10 words)

ḳadriya (A) : cedar-oil, extracted from cedarwood. Ḳatl

ḳādūs

(55 words)

ḳādūs (A, pl. ḳawādīs) : the bucket used in the water wheel (Dūlāb) on the banks of the Nile in mediaeval Egypt. Māʾ In Fās…

kāf

(27 words)

kāf (A) : the twenty-second letter of the Arabic alphabet, transcribed k, with the numerical value 20. It is de…

ḳāf

(27 words)

ḳāf (A) : the twenty-first letter of the Arabic alphabet, transcribed , with the numerical value 100. It is de…

ḳafā

(10 words)

ḳafā (A) : nape of the neck. S̲h̲aʿr

kafāʾa

(64 words)

kafāʾa (A) : equality, parity and aptitude; in law, ~ denotes the equivalence of social status, fort…

kafāla

(94 words)

kafāla (A) : in law, an institution corresponding to some extent to the surety-bond, with the differ…

kafan

(51 words)

kafan (A) : shroud, a cloth or cloths woven by an akfānī, which the deceased’s body is wrapped in, by a profess…

ḳafes

(133 words)

ḳafes (T) : lit. cage; the late but popular term for the area of the harem of the Topkapı Palace in …

kaff

(21 words)

kaff (A) : in a religio-political context, the quiescent attitude of some Ḵh̲ārid̲j̲ite groups in ea…

kaff

(204 words)

kaff (A) : palm, paw; in divination, ʿilm al-~ is a process which belongs to the realm of physiognomy, desig…

ḳaffāl

(8 words)

ḳaffāl (A) : a locksmith. Sūḳ

kaffāra

(23 words)

kaffāra (A) : Qurʾānic term for an expiatory and propitiatory act which grants remission for faults …

kāfī

(36 words)

kāfī (P) : in Western Indian literature, a sung ṣūfī lyric poem with a refrain repeated after each v…

kāfī

(70 words)

kāfī (Pu) : a genre of Muslim Punjabi literature, comprising a lyric consisting of rhymed couplets o…

kāfir

(127 words)

kāfir (A) : originally, ‘obliterating, covering’, then, ‘concealing benefits received’, i.e. ungrate…

ḳāfiya

(116 words)

ḳāfiya (A, pl. ḳawāfin) : in prosody, rhyme. Originally, the word meant ‘lampoon’, then ‘line of poetry…

kāfiyya

(97 words)

kāfiyya (A, < It [s]cuffia; pl. kawāfī), or kūfiyya : a head scarf, a rectangular piece of cloth of linen or…

ḳafīz

(28 words)

ḳafīz (A) : a measure of capacity used in ʿIrāḳ and caliphal Persia for weighing small quantities of…

kāfūr

(68 words)

kāfūr (A, < H karpūra, kappūra, Mal kapur) or ḳāfūr, ḳa(f)ūr : in botany, camphor, the white, translucent subs…

kāg̲h̲ad

(62 words)

kāg̲h̲ad (A, < P), or kāg̲h̲id : paper. After its introduction in Samarḳand by Chinese prisoners in 134/7…

kāg̲h̲ān

(37 words)

kāg̲h̲ān (A) : in mediaeval ʿIrāḳ, a boy who acts as a male prostitute. Mukaddī kāg̲h̲ānī …

kag̲h̲ni̊

(14 words)

kag̲h̲ni̊ (T) : a Byzantine wagon, used in mediaeval Turkicised Anatolia. ʿAd̲j̲ala

kahār

(20 words)

kahār (IndP) : in the Mug̲h̲al period, a bearer of different kinds of litters, classed as infantry. Las̲h̲kar

ḳaḥba

(6 words)

ḳaḥba (pl. ḳiḥāb) Bag̲h̲iyy

kaḥḥāl

(15 words)

kaḥḥāl (A) : in medicine, an oculist. ʿAlī b. ʿĪsā; an ophthalmist. al-Kuḥl

kāhin

(213 words)

kāhin (A) : a term of controversial origin. It appears to have been used by the ‘Western Semites’ to…

ḳāhiriyya

(16 words)

ḳāhiriyya (A) : omnipotence (of God). ʿAbd al-Razzāḳ Kamāl al-Dīn b. Abu ’l-G̲h̲anāʾim al-Ḳās̲h̲ānī

kahrubā

(16 words)

kahrubā (P), also kāhrabāʾ : yellow amber; today, ~ also used for electricity. Ḳahramān-Nāma

kahūr

(15 words)

kahūr (P) : in botany, a spiny shrub, enjoyed by camels. Lār, Lāristān

ḳahwa

(80 words)

ḳahwa (A) : coffee; originally a name for wine, ~ was transferred towards the end of the 8th/14th ce…

ḳaʿīd

(60 words)

ḳaʿīd (A), and k̲h̲afīf : a term applied to a wild animal or bird which approaches a traveller or hunte…

ḳāʿid

(37 words)

ḳāʿid (A) : lit. sitter; in s̲h̲īʿī terminology, the ‘sitting’ members of the family of the Prophet,…

ḳāʾid

(75 words)

ḳāʾid (A, pl. ḳuwwād) : an imprecise term, but one always used to designate a military leader whose ran…

ḳāʾif

(10 words)

ḳāʾif (A, pl. ḳāfa) : a physiognomist. ʿAbd

ḳāʾim

(246 words)

ḳāʾim (A) : lit. riser, the s̲h̲īʿī Mahdī, referring both to the member of the family of the Prophet…

ḳāʾime

(60 words)

ḳāʾime (T, < A) : the name formerly used for paper money in Turkey, an abbreviation for ḳāʾime-i muʿtebere. Originally…
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