Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(40 words)

ḳāʿ (A) : in topography, a depression on the fringes of the volcanic fields south of Syria, free of …


(83 words)

ḳāʿa (A) : in modern dwellings in Egypt, the principal room in the Ḥarīm, with a central space and l…


(34 words)

ḳaʿada (A) : ‘those who sit down’, term for the designation of the quietists in early Islam who abst…


(54 words)

kaʿb (A) : in mathematics, ~, or mukaʿʿab, denotes the third power of the unknown quantity. al-D̲j̲abr wa ’…


(56 words)

kaʿba (A) : the most famous sanctuary of Islam, called the temple or house of God, and situated in t…


(40 words)

ḳabāʾ (A, < Sp capo or capa), or ḳabā : a cloak or cape worn by soldiers. al-Ḥallād̲j̲; Libās; Libās; a luxu…


(31 words)

kabāʾir (A, s. kabīra) : the ‘grave sins’, mentioned in the Qurʾān, the exact definition of which remai…


(32 words)

kabaḳ (A, < T ‘gourd’), or ḳabaḳ : in archery, a small target. Furūsiyya; in Mamlūk terminology, a ‘gourd’ game ( ramy al…


(177 words)

ḳabāla (A) : in law, a guarantee, used mainly in connection with fiscal practice. It concerns the le…


(19 words)

kabar (A, < Eth kabaro) : an early term for a cylindrical drum with a single membrane.


(47 words)

kabāra (A), or maʿtab : among the Bedouin in the Western Desert and Cyrenaica, amends for offences agai…


(16 words)

kabāt̲h̲ (A) : the ripe fruit of the thorn tree arāk ( Capparis sedata). G̲h̲id̲h̲āʾ


(403 words)

ḳabḍ (A) : lit. seizure, grasping, contraction, abstention, etc., and used in the special vocabulary…


(92 words)

kabid (A, according to lexicographers the only correct form), or kabd, kibd : in anatomy, the liver; through co…


(12 words)

ḳābiḍ (A) : the quality of food being astringent. G̲h̲id̲h̲āʾ


(119 words)

ḳabīla (A) : a large agnatic group, the members of which claim to be descended from one common ances…


(20 words)

ḳābila (A) : in alchemy, the part known as the ‘receiver’ of the distilling apparatus. al-Anbārī, Abu ’l-Barakāt


(45 words)

kabīr (A) : lit. large; designation for a tribal chief. Sayyid; an attorney under customary law proc…


(29 words)

kabīsa (A, < Ar) : intercalation, which compensates for the difference between the lunar and solar y…


(120 words)

ḳabr (A) : tomb; ~ was first applied to the pit used as a burial place for a corpse (as was the term ḍarīḥ), giving rise to…


(28 words)

kabūs̲h̲ (A), and s̲h̲alīl : in the terminology of horse-riding, a cloth worn by the horse. The terms tas̲h̲āhir and d̲j…


(356 words)

ḳaḍāʾ (A, T ḳażāʾ) : originally meaning ‘decision’, ~ has in the Qurʾān different meanings according to…


(127 words)

ḳadam (A) : in mysticism, ‘priority’, a principle arising in the second half of the 19th century in …


(103 words)

ḳadar (A) : measure, evaluation, fixed limit; in its technical sense, ~ designates determination, th…


(19 words)

ḳadāsa (A) : holiness; beings that are pure, wholly unsullied or in touch with the divine. Ḳadariyya


(19 words)

ḳaḍb Ḳatt ḳaḍba (A) : in archery, a quiver made from the nabʿ wood ( Grewia tenax). Ḳaws


(13 words)

kaddād (A, pl. kawādīd) : a tiller of the soil. al-Aflād̲j̲


(8 words)

kaddāḥ (A) : a flint-maker. Sūḳ


(15 words)

ḳadḥ (A) : in medicine, the operation for cataract. D̲j̲āriya b. Ḳudāma; Ṭibb


(18 words)

ḳad̲h̲d̲h̲āf (A) : oarsman, part of the crew of the warships in the Muslim navy. Baḥriyya


(32 words)

ḳad̲h̲f (A) : in law, a slanderous accusation of fornication, Zināʾ, or of illegitimate descent; in …


(301 words)

ḳāḍī (A) : in law, a judge, a representative of authority, invested with the power of jurisdiction. …


(56 words)

ḳaḍīb (A) : rod (syn. ʿaṣā), one of the insignia of the sovereignty of the caliph. Ḳāḍī Muḥammad In archery, a bow mad…


(21 words)

ḳadīd (A) : in pre-Islamic Arabia, meat cut into thin strips and left to dry in the sun. G̲h̲id̲h̲āʾ


(9 words)

ḳādima (A) : a quill feather. Ziryāb


(37 words)

ḳadi̊n K̲h̲āṣṣekī ḳaḍi̊nlar salṭanati̊ (T) : ‘the rule of the women’, the pe…
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