Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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kāʾin

(17 words)

kāʾin (A, pl. kāʾināt) : in speculative theology and philosophy, the existent thing. Kawn wa-Fasād

kaʿk

(20 words)

kaʿk (A) : in the mediaeval Middle East, a pastry, to which dough Sawīḳ was added. Sawd̲j̲i̊, Sawd̲j̲ī

ḳaʿḳāʿ

(30 words)

ḳaʿḳāʿ (A) : a man whose foot-joints can be heard cracking as he walks; often found as a proper name…

ḳāḳum

(10 words)

ḳāḳum (A) : in zoology, the ermine. Farw

ḳalʿa

(12 words)

ḳalʿa (A) : castle, fortress. Kākūyids; citadel. S̲h̲ayzar; and Agadir

ḳālab

(35 words)

ḳālab (A, pl. ḳawālib) : in the mediaeval kitchen, a mould. Maṭbak̲h̲ In the religious terminology of metempsych…

kalab

(10 words)

kalab (A) : in medicine, rabies. Kalb; Dam

ḳalafat

(5 words)

ḳalafat Čorbad̲j̲i̊ Kečesi

ḳalāḳil

(20 words)

ḳalāḳil (A) : a name for the Sūras that begin with ḳul ‘say:’: lxxii, cix and cxii-cxiv. Sūra

kalām

(77 words)

kalām (A) : a word; in the Qurʾān, ~ is found in the expression kalām allāh ‘the Word of God’. al-Kalāʿī; ~, or ʿilm al-kal…

ḳalam

(144 words)

ḳalam (A, < Gk κ̣άλαμος ‘reed’; pl. aḳlām) : the reed-pen used for writing in Arabic script. It is a tube o…

ḳalān

(37 words)

ḳalān : a Mongolian tax, apparently a general term for occasional exactions of a specifically Mongol…

ḳalandar

(131 words)

ḳalandar (T, < P ?) : ‘a vagabond of scandously offensive behaviour’; the name given to the members …

ḳalansuwa

(125 words)

ḳalansuwa (P, A, pl. ḳalānis), and ḳalansuwa ṭawīla, ṭawīla or danniyya : the name for a cap worn by men eithe…

kalāntar

(90 words)

kalāntar (P) : a term used in the 8th/14th and 9th/15th centuries to mean ‘leader’, occurring especi…

kalawta

(47 words)

kalawta (A), or kalūta : a kind of cap which is first mentioned in the Fāṭimid period. It was to become…

kalb

(92 words)

kalb (A) : in zoology, the domestic dog ( Canis familiaris). Ḳalb; wood-eating worms. Kalb In the game of backgammo…

ḳalb

(31 words)

ḳalb (A, pl. ḳulūb) : heart. Ḳalāwūn; (A, P, T) false, base, impure. Tazwīr; and Aṣl, Ḥas̲h̲m kalpazan (< P ḳalb-zan) : …

kalba

(19 words)

kalba (P) : in Iran, a sausage, a popular food item introduced in the 20th century. Maṭbak̲h̲
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