Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(18 words)

lāṭiʾa (A) : a small, tight-fitting cap, but probably not the proper name for it. Tulband


(38 words)

laṭīfa (A, pl. laṭāʾif) : in mysticism, the ‘subtle organ’ (syn. ṭūr, pl. aṭwār), a theory of levels developed fr…


(36 words)

laṭīm (A) : ‘knocked out of the enclosure by a blow’, the name for the ninth horse in a race, accord…


(8 words)

lāṭiniyya (A) : Romance [language]. Ḳuḍāʿa


(15 words)

lāṭis (A), or lūṭis : in zoology, the Nile perch ( Lates nilotica). Samak


(77 words)

lawḥ (A, pl. alwāḥ) : board, plank; tablet, table; school-child’s slate; blackboard. al-Lawātī; and K̲h̲as̲h̲aba In…


(46 words)

lawn (A) : the general term used to express the concept of colour. Besides this precise sense, it al…


(51 words)

lawṭa (A) : in music, an instrument of the lute type, with four double strings and is very popular i…


(13 words)

lawt̲h̲ (A) : in law, the notion of serious presumption. Ḳasam


(8 words)

layḳ (A) : ink well. Nīrand̲j̲


(320 words)

layl (A, pl. layālin) : nighttime, night (ant. Nahār). Lawn; and Ṣāḥib Al-Layl laylat al-barāʾa …


(22 words)

lāzim (A) : in law, ‘binding’. ʿAḳd; Ṣaḥīḥ lāzima (A, pl. lawāzim) : in music, a short melodic formula. Nāy


(13 words)

lazma (A) : a curb-bit, part of the horse’s bridle. K̲h̲ayl


(35 words)

lebaran (Ind) : ‘end, close’; the name generally used in Indonesia for the ʿĪd Al-Fiṭr, the ‘minor f…


(89 words)

leff (A) : a term used in the Berber-speaking regions of central and southern Morocco (a different t…


(29 words)

leh (Ott, < Polish) : the ancient Ottoman Turkish term for the Poles and Poland. From the 12th/18th …
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