Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(46 words)

madār (A) : in the science of Tradition, a term used to indicate that certain Matns, or matn clusters, are due to one…


(11 words)

maḍbūṭ (A) : coffee with sugar (ant. sāda). Taḳālīd


(75 words)

madd (A), and nazʿ al-watar : in archery, the draw, drawing of a bow. This consists of bringing the bow-…


(105 words)

maddāḥ (A, T meddāḥ) : lit. panegyrist; in Ottoman usage, the professional story-tellers of the urban m…


(41 words)

maddūḥ (A) : a drink made by Bedouin, when dying of thirst in the desert, from a slaughtered camel’s…


(92 words)

mad̲h̲hab (A, pl. mad̲h̲āhib) : a way of thinking, persuasion; the five schools of law in orthodox Isla…


(84 words)

madḥiyya (T, < A) : in Turkish prosody, the ~ or eulogy is the couplet which comprises the central p…


(81 words)

maʾd̲h̲ūn (A) : in law, a slave authorised by his master either to conclude an individual sale, or g…


(32 words)

māḍī (A) : in grammar, the preterite, a technical term used to denote the verbal form that normally,…


(15 words)

madīd (A) : in prosody, the name of the third Arabic metre. ʿArūḍ


(154 words)

madīḥ (A, P ḳaṣīda-yi madīḥa), or madḥ : the genre of the panegyric poetry in Arabic and other Islamic lit…


(10 words)

maḍīḳ (A) : shallows or a ford. Afʿā


(31 words)

maʿdin (A, pl. maʿādin) : mine, ore, mineral, metal. In modern Arabic, however, ~ is mostly used for metal, mand̲j̲am m…


(23 words)

madīna (A) : the Arabic town and city, the lower town (L suburbium, pars inferior civitatis). S̲h̲ayzar; Māʾ al-War…


(42 words)

maḍīra (A) : a dish of meat cooked in sour milk, sometimes with fresh milk added, and with spices th…


(21 words)

mādī-sālār (P) : in administration, the official in charge of the major canals leading off from the …


(12 words)

mad̲j̲alla (A) : a scroll. Luḳmān; a legal code. Tunisia
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