Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(26 words)

mag̲h̲nam (A) : either the mass of the booty or that part of it which goes to the central government…


(33 words)

mag̲h̲nāṭīs (A, < Gk) : magnetite (lodestone, magnetic iron ore, Fesub:3Osub:4); compass, also called ḥuḳḳ al-ḳibl…


(108 words)

mag̲h̲rib (A) : that part of Africa which Europeans have called Barbary or Africa Minor and then Nor…


(13 words)

mag̲h̲rūr A) : a person who is self-deceived. Tag̲h̲lib b. Wāʾil


(13 words)

mag̲h̲s̲h̲ūs̲h̲ A) : in numismatics, an adulterated, alloyed, base coin. Tazwīr


(21 words)

magnahuli : a kind of Waḳf, in favour of women only, existing on the island of Great Comore. Adāʾ


(90 words)

maḥabba (A) : love of the soul and of God. Ḥāl; ʿĪsāwā; and Aklat Al-Maḥabba In the Čis̲h̲tī mystical doctrine, the…


(38 words)

maḥāla (A, pl. maḥāl) : the huge pulley which is used for raising water from wells. In Egypt, the word …


(188 words)

maḥall (A) : lit. place of alighting, settling, abode. Mahābat K̲h̲ān; in philosophy, the thing qualified. Ḥulūl In t…


(13 words)

māhāniyya (A) : the Māhānians, a sect of the Marcionites. T̲h̲anawiyya

al-maḥāsin wa ’l-masāwī

(66 words)

al-maḥāsin wa ’l-masāwī (A) : lit. merits and faults. A literary genre which developed in the course o…


(58 words)

mahāt (A, pl. mahāsup:n, mahawāt, mahayāt) : in zoology, the large oryz and the addax antelope. The root m-h-w suggest…


(13 words)

maḥḍar (A) : decree. Abū Dulāma; Muḥammad ʿAbd Allāh; and Sid̲j̲ill


(96 words)

mahdī (A) : lit. the rightly guided one. The name of the restorer of religion and justice who, accor…


(27 words)

mahd̲j̲ar (A) : the name given to places in Northern, Central and Southern America to which Lebanese…
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