Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(26 words)

nānkār (P) : under the Mug̲h̲als, an allowance paid out of the land revenue by the holder of rights …


(17 words)

nār (A, pl. nīrān) : fire. Nandurbār; for ~ in compounds, Nār ff.; and Manāẓir


(101 words)

nārand̲j̲ (A, < P narang) : in botany, the hesperideous or aurantiaceous fruits, including oranges and l…


(16 words)

nard (P) : the game of backgammon (trictrac); any kind of dicing. Ḳimār; Nārand̲j̲


(111 words)

nard̲j̲īla (A, < P nāgīl ‘coconut, water pipe’), or s̲h̲īs̲h̲a : the water pipe, constructed from a coconut s…


(35 words)

nard̲j̲is (A, T nergis, P nargis and ʿabhar) : in botany, the narcissus. In al-Andalus, three terms were used: nard̲j̲i…


(27 words)

nark̲h̲ (P) : in the Ottoman empire, the prices determined by official authorities for various goods…


(4 words)

nasaʿa It̲h̲t̲h̲ag̲h̲ara


(48 words)

nasab (A) : kinship, the relationship, particularly ancestral, i.e. the genealogy of an individual o…


(58 words)

naṣārā (A, s. naṣrānī) : Christians in the Muslim Arab world. In the Qurʾān, where it is found fifteen …


(101 words)

naṣb (A) : setting up, raising; in grammar, the accusative and subjunctive cases, because both take -a and are thus manṣ…


(18 words)

nas̲h̲am (A) : in botany, Chadara velutina, used in the construction of pre-Islamic Arab bows. Ḳaws


(121 words)

nas̲h̲īd (A, pl. anās̲h̲īd, nas̲h̲āʾid, ans̲h̲ād) : in music, a piece of oratory, a chant, a hymn and a f…


(17 words)

nas̲h̲īṭa (A) : casual plunder obtained while journeying to meet the enemy. G̲h̲anī b. Aʿṣur


(12 words)

nās̲h̲iz (A) : in law, a recalcitrant wife. Tāzarwālt; Nafaḳa


(96 words)

nasīʾ (A) : intercalary month, intercalation, or person (pl. nasaʾa) charged, in pre-Islamic Mecca, with the …
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