Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(9 words)

naʿd̲j̲a (A) : a reproductive ewe. G̲h̲anam


(4 words)

nad̲j̲ama It̲h̲t̲h̲ag̲h̲ara


(8 words)

nad̲j̲d̲j̲ār (A) : a carpenter. Sūḳ


(44 words)

nad̲j̲is (A) : impure (ant. ṭāhir). In law, nad̲j̲āsāt are things impure in themselves and cannot be purified; mutanad…


(7 words)

nad̲j̲l (A) : progeny. al-Ṣag̲h̲ānī


(51 words)

nad̲j̲m (A, pl. nud̲j̲ūm) : star (syn. kawkab, also ‘planet’); an alternative name for the Pleiades, otherw…


(13 words)

nad̲j̲s̲h̲ (A) : the raising of prices, condemmed by Tradition. Tid̲j̲āra


(37 words)

nad̲j̲wā (A) : under the Fāṭimids, a tax which had to be paid by those who were present at the Ismāʿ…


(18 words)

nadra (A) : in minerology, a pure or virtually pure piece of gold and silver. K̲h̲ums


(16 words)

nafād̲h̲ (A) : in prosody, the vowel of the hāʾ serving as waṣl. Ḳāfiya


(31 words)

nafaḳa (A) : in law, maintenance, i.e. of the necessities of life, consisting of food, clothing and …


(30 words)

nafal (A, pl. anfāl) : in early Islam, a bonus share given to those warriors who distinguished themselv…


(32 words)

naffād̲h̲ (A) : a seller of amulets and images, listed by the 8th/14th-century poet Ṣafī al-Dīn al-Ḥ…


(21 words)

naffās̲h̲ (A) : in botany, the Seville orange ( Citrus aurantium amara or vulgaris or bigaradia), also called Nāran…


(16 words)

nāfid̲h̲ (A), or sālik : through-way, e.g. s̲h̲āriʿ nāfid̲h̲ or g̲h̲ayr nāfid̲h̲ ‘cul-de-sac’. S̲h̲arḥ


(17 words)

nāfiḳāʾ (A, pl. nawāfīḳ) : the burrow of the jerboa (syn. ḳuṣʿa and variants). Yarbūʿ
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