Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(57 words)

nāfila (A, pl. nawāfil) : in theology, supererogatory work; those works which are supererogatory in the…


(98 words)

nafs (A, pl. anfus, nufūs) : soul; self, person. Nafīsī, Saʿīd; and Rūḥ In divination, ~ is a term of geomancy, b…


(91 words)

nafṭ (A, P naft) : the purest form of Mesopotamian bitumen. Barṣīṣā; a generic, vague appellation for a…


(27 words)

nafūd (A) : a sandy area, in the north of the Arabian peninsula; in the south it is called a ramla. Ḏj̲azīrat al-ʿArab; …


(17 words)

nafūr (A) : in the terminology of horse-riding, a horse that swerves and shies. Furūsiyya


(14 words)

nafy (A) : in grammar, negation (ant. īd̲j̲āb ‘affirmation’). al-Nafūsī; and Nefy


(22 words)

naga (J) : a Hindu serpent guardian spirit, which sculpture frequently graces the entrance to a sain…


(50 words)

nahār (A) : a day, which extends from sunrise to sunset. Lawn; the ~ begins at the moment that the u…


(31 words)

nahḍa (A) : ‘awakening’, the Arab renaissance, the rebirth of Arabic literature and thought under We…


(32 words)

naḥīta (A, pl. nuḥut) : the ‘moving section’, a bee hive that is not welded to the wall of a dwelling, …


(50 words)

nāḥiye (T, < A nāḥiya ‘district, vicinity’) : in Ottoman administration, the subdivisions of a wilāyet ‘province’ (…


(27 words)

naḥl (A, P) : in zoology, domestic or social bees (apid family). A swarm is called dabr, which is grouped around the…


(69 words)

naḥr (A) : in law, one of the two methods of slaughtering animals, by which the animal concerned bec…


(48 words)

nahr (A, pl. anhār, anhur) : running water, hence a perennial watercourse, river, stream of any size, thus opposed to a w…


(87 words)

naḥw (A, pl. anḥāʾ) : path, way; fashion, manner. Maʿārif In grammar, the term for ‘grammar’ (to be contrasted…


(64 words)

nahy (A) : prohibition; in religion, the phrase al-nahy ʿan al-munkar ‘forbidding wrong’ (in full, preceded by al-amr…
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