Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(141 words)

nāʾib (A) : substitute, delegate, any person appointed as deputy of another in an official position; Naḥw; and Safīr In…


(27 words)

nāʾiba (A) : an occasional tax in kind, levied by the first Saʿdīs; it later became more or less per…


(51 words)

nāḳa (A) : the female camel, a term also found in the Qurʾān, where it appears in the edifying stori…


(87 words)

naḳā (A) : a term connected with nuḳāwā, a generic noun denoting alkaline plants utilised for washing linen…


(51 words)

naḳad (A) : a strain of sheep in Bahrain in the time of al-Ḏj̲āḥiẓ, which was stunted but a good woo…


(74 words)

naḳāʾiḍ (A, s. naḳīḍa) : in prosody, a form of poetic duelling in which tribal or personal insults are …


(29 words)

naḳarāt (T) : lit. peckings; in Turkish poetry, the refrain, that is, the ultimate line or ultimate …


(69 words)

naḳb (A, pl. nuḳūb) : an underground tunnel; in military science, mining, a system of siege warfare whi…


(36 words)

naḳḍ (A) : ‘refutation’, in particular when used in reference to a book. Radd; and Radd naḳḍ al-mīt̲h̲āḳ


(67 words)

naḳd (A) : in law, the portion of the dowry handed over at the conclusion of a marriage. In modern Arabic, ~ signifies…


(32 words)

nak̲h̲k̲h̲ās (A) : ‘cattle-dealer’, a term in the mediaeval period for a slave merchant. ʿAbd; Sūḳ; …


(17 words)

nak̲h̲l (A, s. nak̲h̲la) : in botany, the date palm ( Phoenix dactylifera). Ḏj̲azīrat al-ʿArab; Nak̲h̲čiwān


(18 words)

nāk̲h̲udāh (A, < H nāo and P k̲h̲udā) : in navigation, a term for ‘captain’. Milāḥa


(17 words)

naḳīʿ (A) : drinks composed of fruits (dates, etc.) mixed in water. Mas̲h̲riḳ al-Ad̲h̲kār; ʿUrs


(299 words)

naḳīb (A, pl. nuḳabāʾ) : chief, leader, of a tribe or other group; in early Islam, the Medinans negotia…


(28 words)

naḳīr (A) : in early Islam, a palmtrunk which is hollowed out and into which small dates and water a…


(53 words)

nāḳiṣ (A) : in literary theory, an imperfect paronomasia whereby one term is incomplete by one or tw…
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