Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(76 words)

naḳḳāra (A, T naḳḳāre) : a medium-sized kettle-drum made of copper, one of the instruments of the milit…


(73 words)

naḳḳās̲h̲ (A) : die-sinker, one of the craftsmen employed as staff in the mediaeval mint, whose prof…


(10 words)

naḳl (A) : transport. Naḳḳās̲h̲-K̲h̲āna; Naḳd; and Tard̲j̲ama


(10 words)

naḳra (A) : in music, a beat. Ṭihrānī


(25 words)

naḳṣ (A) : in prosody, a type of double deviation (Ziḥāf), whereby there are two cases per foot, com…


(30 words)

naḳs̲h̲ Taṣwīr naḳs̲h̲ ḥadīda (N.Afr) : the name given to the sculpturing of…


(50 words)

nāḳūs (A, < Syr; pl. nawāḳīs) : a kind of rattle once used and in some places still used by Eastern Chris…


(134 words)

naʿl (A) : in early Islam, a sandal which could be of palm fibre, smooth leather, or leather with an…


(66 words)

nalam (Mal) : a genre of Acehnese poetry, using partly the urd̲j̲ūza (Rad̲j̲az), partly the ḳaṣīda as model, bu…


(42 words)

nāma (P) : a letter; royal edict or diploma; a register, and in many ways the equivalent of the Arab…


(18 words)

namas̲h̲ (A) : in mineralogy, freckles or inclusions, a defect or impurity in a gem. Yāḳūt


(81 words)

namāzgāh (P) : ‘place of prayer’, in India, an alternative name for ʿīdgāh, the open structure built usually to …


(65 words)

namir (A), or nimr : in zoology, the panther ( Panthera pardus), better known, in Africa, by the name of ‘leopa…


(40 words)

naml (A) : in zoology, ants (s. namla). In law, small ants ( d̲h̲arr) are permitted to be killed when they intrud…


(5 words)

nammām Fūd̲h̲and̲j̲; Ṣandal


(154 words)

nāmūs (A) : originally, a transcription of the Greek νόμος, which was left untranslated in Ibn His̲h…
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