Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(23 words)

parčīn-kārī (P, U paččī-kārī) : in architecture, a technique of inlay-work, usually set in marble, used…


(38 words)

parda-dār (P) : lit. the person who draws the curtain; ‘court chamberlain’, a term used among the dy…


(37 words)

pargana (H, < San) : in Indo-Muslim administrative usage, a term denoting an aggregate of villages, …


(70 words)

parī (P, T peri) : in folklore, a fairy, belonging to the realm of supernatural tales; in Turkish every…


(26 words)

parias (< L) : in the mediaeval Iberian peninsula, a tribute paid by one ruler to another in recogni…


(48 words)

parmaḳ (T) : under the Ottomans, a measure of length equivalent to one and a quarter inches. Arnawutluḳ parmaḳ ḥisābi̊ …


(33 words)

pārsī (P) : lit. inhabitant of Fārs, the name given to those descendants of the Zoroastrians who mig…


(74 words)

parwāna (P), or parwānača : in mediaeval Persian administration, the term used for the document ‘relate…


(20 words)

pasaz̲h̲ (T) : in 19th-century Ottoman cities, a shop-lined covered street, a modern version of the ārāsta. Sūḳ


(108 words)

pas̲h̲a (T, < P pādis̲h̲āh) : under the Ottomans, the highest official title of honour, used in Turkey u…


(38 words)

pās̲h̲īb (IndP) : in Mug̲h̲al siegecraft, a raised platform constructed by filling the space between…


(31 words)

pas̲h̲tūnwalī (Pash) : the special social code of the Afghans, the main pillars of which are nanawātai ‘right of asy…

pās-i anfās

(32 words)

pās-i anfās (P) : a practice of regulating the breath, adopted by the Čis̲h̲tī mystics in order to h…


(17 words)

pasisir (J) : originally an administrative unit of the Central Javanese kingdom of Mataram. Pasir


(36 words)

paṭrīk (Ott, < A Biṭrīḳ ‘patricius’) : in the Ottoman empire, the term for the patriarch of the Gree…


(44 words)

patrona (T, < It) : in the Ottoman navy, a ‘galley carrying the lieutenant-general or the next in co…


(23 words)

patuḳ (P) : a habitual location for a guild. Ṣinf; as pātuḳ, the place where s̲h̲īʿī funeral flags are stored. Tihrān


(24 words)

patwāri : in the Mug̲h̲al empire, the village accountant, whose functions resembled those of the Ḳān…


(22 words)

pawlā : in numismatics, the name given in the Mug̲h̲al emperor Akbar’s monetary system to the quarter- dām (quarter-P…
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