Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(50 words)

pāyak (IndP) : in the Dihlī sultanate, the footsoldiers who were maintained within the infantry cont…


(31 words)

payg̲h̲ū (T) : a Turkish name or title found among the early Sald̲j̲ūḳs, usually written P.y.g̲h̲ū or B.y.g̲h̲ū. Thes…


(71 words)

paysā (H, Eng ‘pice’), or paisā : in numismatics, a copper coin of British India, equalling 3 pies or sup:1/sub:4 anna.…


(5 words)

pāzār Bāzār; čars̲h̲i̊


(23 words)

pegon (Mal), jawi or melayu : in Indonesia, the name for Arabic characters that were adapted for the ver…

penbe ḳabbāni̊

(60 words)

penbe ḳabbāni̊ (T) : in the Ottoman period, a special building into which all cotton imported for sa…


(67 words)

penče (T, < P pand̲j̲a ‘palm of the hand’) : in the science of diplomatic, a sign placed on a document i…


(59 words)

pend̲j̲ik (T, < P pand̲j̲ yak ‘fifth’) : in Ottoman financial and administrative usage, a term denoting t…


(66 words)

penghulu (Ind, Mal; Sun panghulu) : lit. headman, chief, director; used in southeast Asia as a title for…


(79 words)

pesantren (J) : in Indonesia, the educational institution where students, santri, study classical Islamic subj…


(23 words)

pes̲h̲dār (T) : in the Ottoman empire, the term for the third animal of a mule caravan operating in Anatolia. Kārwān


(36 words)

pes̲h̲ek (T) : in the Ottoman empire, the term for the leading animal of a mule caravan operating in…


(35 words)

pēs̲h̲wā (P) : ‘leader’; in onomastics, a title for one of the ministers of the Bahmanī sultans of t…

peth, or mela

(17 words)

peth, or mela : in Muslim India, an occasional or seasonal market. Sūḳ


(13 words)

peyk (T) : in the Ottoman military organisation, a messenger. Ṣolaḳ
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