Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(31 words)

ʾ (A) : the tenth letter of the Arabic alphabet, transcribed as r, with the numerical value 200. It is defined…


(23 words)

raʿāʿ (A) : a mob, thieves, one of the numerous terms in the mediaeval and modern periods for ‘rasca…


(12 words)

raʿʿād (A) : in zoology, the electric ray ναρκε. Mag̲h̲nāṭīs


(62 words)

rabʿ (A, pl. ribāʿ) : home, domicile, home town or home country; in Cairene architecture, ~ designates …


(17 words)

rabāʿ (A) : a name for a foal between three and four years old. Faras


(32 words)

rabāʿa (A), or magʿad al-rid̲j̲āl : the compartment in a Bedouin tent reserved for receiving menfolk. In…


(63 words)

rabāb (A) : in music, the generic name for the viol, or any stringed instrument played with a bow. R…


(74 words)

rabaḍ (A, pl. arbāḍ) : district or quarter of a town situated outside the central part. This term lies …


(161 words)

rabb (A, pl. arbāb) : lord, God, master of a slave. Pre-Islamic Arabia probably applied this term to it…


(71 words)

rabīʿ (A) : the name of the third and fourth months of the Muslim calendar. Originally, ~ means the …


(24 words)

rābiʿ (A), or sayyid al-mirbāʿ : a designation for tribal chief (from the chief’s entitlement to a quart…


(126 words)

rābiṭa (A, > Sp rábida ‘monastery’) : ‘bond’; in mysticism, ~ originally meant the relationship of a mur…


(32 words)

rabṭ (A) : in medicine, ligature (of veins). D̲j̲āriya b. Ḳudāma rabṭa (A) : in wome…


(41 words)

raḍāʿ (A), riḍāʿ or raḍāʿa : suckling; in law, the suckling which produces the legal impediment to marri…


(97 words)

radd (A) : ‘return’; in literature, a response to an adversary, intended to refute his statements or…


(28 words)

rad̲h̲ī (A) : in numismatics, bad, corrupt (coin), with bāṭil ‘false, unsound, currency cancelled or withdraw…


(206 words)

radīf (A, T redīf) : lit. one who rides behind, ‘pillion rider’; in its plural form rawādif, immigrants. al-Kūfa In gra…


(149 words)

rad̲j̲ʿa (A) : return; in s̲h̲īʿī theology, the return to life, which will precede the universal res…


(69 words)

rad̲j̲ab (A) : the seventh month of the Islamic calendar, observed in the D̲j̲āhiliyya as a holy mon…


(8 words)

rād̲j̲aputra (San) : ‘king’s son’. Rād̲j̲asthān


(118 words)

rad̲j̲az (A) : tremor, spasm, convulsion (as may occur in the behind of a camel when it wants to ris…


(17 words)

rad̲j̲fa (A) : in the Qurʾānic story of S̲h̲uʿayb, commonly glossed as ‘earthquake’. S̲h̲ōlāpur; T̲h̲amisṭiyus


(28 words)

rad̲j̲īm (A) : lit. stoned; for explaining the Qurʾānic expression al-s̲h̲ayṭān al-rad̲j̲īm, it has been sugges…


(34 words)

rad̲j̲ʿiyya (A), or irtid̲j̲āʿ : the term coined in modern Arabic for reaction in the political sense. Rad̲j̲az; with a…


(47 words)

rad̲j̲m (A) : stoning; the casting of stones at Minā, one of the pre-Islamic rites preserved by Muḥa…


(35 words)

raḍk̲h̲ (A) : a bonus share (of the booty given at the discretion of the Imām to those bondmen, wome…


(38 words)

rafʿ (A) : elevation, the act of raising something; in grammar, the nominative and indicative cases,…


(61 words)

rāfiḍa (A), or al-rawāfiḍ : a term that refers to the proto-Imāmiyya (and, subsequently, the Twelver s̲…


(33 words)

rafīḳ (A) : companion; in Tradition, the phrase al-rafīḳ al-aʿlā is closely associated with Al-Malaʾ Al-Aʿlā …


(13 words)

rafraf (A) : the tail of a turban hanging behind. Tulband


(24 words)

rag̲h̲īf (A) : a round bread, quite thick and cooked in an oven, also called d̲j̲ardaḳ or d̲j̲ard̲h̲aḳ (from Persian)…


(17 words)

raḥā (A) : in Muslim Spain, a water mill. al-Andalus; a mill. Ḳuṭb al-Dīn S̲h̲īrāzī


(7 words)

rahbāniyya (A) : monasticism. al-Raḥba


(39 words)

rāhdār (P), or tutḳavul : the ‘guardian of the roads’ in the Īlk̲h̲ānid and Ḏj̲alāʾirid periods, paid b…


(31 words)

raḥḥāl (A), or raḥḥāla : the person endowed with skill in the saddling of a camel, or one who travelled much. The form raḥḥ…


(22 words)

rāhib (A, pl. ruhbān, rahābīn, rahābina) : a monk, known to pre-Islamic poetry and to the Qurʾān and Trad…


(45 words)

raḥīl (A) : ‘travelling by camel’, in Arabic poetry applied to themes involving a desert journey. In…


(27 words)

raḥim (A) : in medicine, the uterus. The expressions bard al-~ or ṣalābat al-~ seem to indicate frigidity or anor…


(37 words)

rahīs̲h̲ (A), or murtahis̲h̲a : in archery, a bow whose string, at the moment of loosing, strikes the part called the ṭāʾ…


(35 words)

raḥma (A) : a Qurʾānic term, denoting either kindness, benevolence (syn. raʾfa) or, more frequently, an act of …


(24 words)

rahn (A) : in law, pledge, security; rāhin is the giver, and murtahin the taker of the pledge. Raḥmāniyya rahn ḥiyāzī …
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