Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Glossary and Index of Terms

Get access Subject: Middle East and Islamic Studies
Edited by: P.J. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs
Assisted by C. Ott, under the patronage of the International Union of Acadamies

Glossary and Index of Terms treats the technical terms in Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu and other languages or dialects of the Islamic world. As an index, it is of immeasurable importance, in particular for the many terms which are not given an entry but are discussed in the course of an article; and as glossary it is an invaluable source of information for both non-specialist, who is given an insight into the varied and rich vocabulary of Islam, and the specialist, who may discover surprising new contexts in which a term is used.

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(7 words)

rahbāniyya (A) : monasticism. al-Raḥba


(39 words)

rāhdār (P), or tutḳavul : the ‘guardian of the roads’ in the Īlk̲h̲ānid and Ḏj̲alāʾirid periods, paid b…


(31 words)

raḥḥāl (A), or raḥḥāla : the person endowed with skill in the saddling of a camel, or one who travelled much. The form raḥḥ…


(22 words)

rāhib (A, pl. ruhbān, rahābīn, rahābina) : a monk, known to pre-Islamic poetry and to the Qurʾān and Trad…


(45 words)

raḥīl (A) : ‘travelling by camel’, in Arabic poetry applied to themes involving a desert journey. In…


(27 words)

raḥim (A) : in medicine, the uterus. The expressions bard al-~ or ṣalābat al-~ seem to indicate frigidity or anor…


(37 words)

rahīs̲h̲ (A), or murtahis̲h̲a : in archery, a bow whose string, at the moment of loosing, strikes the part called the ṭāʾ…


(35 words)

raḥma (A) : a Qurʾānic term, denoting either kindness, benevolence (syn. raʾfa) or, more frequently, an act of …


(24 words)

rahn (A) : in law, pledge, security; rāhin is the giver, and murtahin the taker of the pledge. Raḥmāniyya rahn ḥiyāzī …


(15 words)

rāʾib (A) : clotting, as does milk when it curdles. Mas̲h̲rūbāt; and Yog̲h̲urt


(245 words)

raʾīs (A, pl. ruʾasāʾ, T reʾīs) : head, chief, leader of a recognisable group (political, religious, juri…

rāʿiyat al-s̲h̲ayb

(17 words)

rāʿiyat al-s̲h̲ayb (A) : the first white hair which appears on the head. S̲h̲aʿyā


(62 words)

raʿiyya (A, pl. raʿāyā; T pl. reʿāyā) : lit. pasturing herd of cattle, sheep, etc., a term which in later …


(28 words)

rakʿa (A) : lit. the act of bowing, bending; in the act of worship, a sequence of utterances and act…


(21 words)

raḳāʿa (A) : burlesque, a genre of literature, closely akin to Suk̲h̲f, practiced a.o. by al-Ṣaymarī…


(51 words)

raḳaba (A, T raḳabe) : lit. neck, nape of the neck; term frequently used in the Qurʾān for ‘slave’. al-Abbāsiyya In Otto…
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